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Back to Key. Next (A).. (B).. (C).. (D-F).. (G-I).. (L-O).. (P).. (Q-R).. (S).. (T-Z).

Checklist of plants suitable for hedging and windbreaks: S

Botanical name Common name Deciduous/ Evergreen Height Growth rate Hardiness Wind Notes
Salix alba White willow D T F 2 M Prefers a stiff moist soil.Edible leaves. Basketry, medicinal.
Salix "Bowles hybrid" Bowles willow D T F 4 M Prefers a stiff moist soil.Basketry.
Salix caprea Goat willow D T F 5 M Most soils if moist.Basketry,leather substitute.
Salix lanata Wooly willow D S-M M 2 M Most soils.
Salix purpurea Purple osier D T F 5 W Most soils.Basketry,medicinal.
Sambucus nigra Elder D M-T F 5 M Most soils.Edible fruit-cooked-and flowers.Insect repellent,tea,medicinal.
Santolina neopolitanum   E S M 7   Sunny position,poor soil.
Santolina rosmarinifolia Holy flax E S M 7   As above.
Sasa palmata Bamboo E M M 7   Moist well drained loam.Plant supports.
Semiarundinaria fastuosa

Bamboo 

E T M 7   Moist well drained loam,sheltered position.Edible young shoots.Plant supports.
Senecio spp.   E M-T S-M 8 M Most soils.Species incl:-S.greyi,S.laxifolius,S.monroi,S.reinoldii,S."Sunshine".
Shepherdia argentea Buffalo berry D M-T M 2 W Most soils,drought resistant.Edible fruit.Red dye.
Sinarundinaria nitida Bamboo (Fargesia
nitida)
E T M 5   Moist well drained loam,best in semi shade.Plant supports.
Smilax aspera Sarsaparilla E M-T M 9   Most soils.Edible young shoots.Root used in soft drinks.Dye,medicinal.
Sorbus intermedia   D M-T M 5 M Most well drained soils,preferably moist.Sunny position.Edible fruit.
Spartium junceum Spanish broom D M-T F 8 M Most soils,preferably lime free.Basketry,fibre,dye,essential oil,medicinal.
Spiraea spp.   D M M 4-5   Most moist soils,sunny position.Species include:-S.x.arguta,S.japonica and S.thunbergii.
Symphoricarpos albus laevigatus   D M-T M-F 3 W Most soils and situations.Invasive.Edible fruit?Besom.Other species can also be used.
Syringa vulgaris Lilac D M-T M-F 5   Most soils,warm sunny position.Essential oil,dye,medicinal.

 

D = Deciduous E = Evergreen

Height:- S = Small (to 4ft for hedges, 20ft for trees.) M = Medium (to 6ft for hedges, 50ft for trees.) T = Tall (over 6ft for hedges, over 50ft for trees.)

Rate of Growth:- S = Slow M = Medium F = Fast

Wind Resistance:- W = tolerates Windy sites M = tolerates Maritime exposure

Hardiness zones 1(hardiest) to 10:- most of Britain is in zone 7 or 8 with some upland and northern areas being colder whilst western and southern coastal areas are milder.

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An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

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FOOD FOREST PLANTS

 

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