We need help! In recent months our income dropped considerably and we need more donations from our users to avoid getting into financial difficulty. More >>>

Follow Us:


Back to Key. Next (A).. (B).. (C).. (D-F).. (G-I).. (L-O).. (P).. (Q-R).. (S).. (T-Z).

Checklist of plants suitable for hedging and windbreaks: D - F

Botanical name Common name Deciduous/ Evergreen Height Growth rate Hardiness Wind Notes
Drimys lanceolata Mountain pepper E M-T S-M 8   Semi shade. Dioecious. Fruit is a pepper substitute. Medicinal.
Elaeagnus angustifolia Oleaster D M-T M-F 2 W Prefers well drained soils. Resists drought and honey fungus. Fixes nitrogen. Edible fruit. Gum.
Elaeagnus commutata Silverberry D M M 2 M Light soil, sunny position. Resists drought and honey fungus. Fixes nitrogen. Edible fruit. Fibre.
Elaeagnus x ebbingei   E M-T M-F 6 M Best in not too rich a soil, tolerates shade. Fixes nitrogen. Edible fruit, produced in April/May.
Elaeagnus glabra   E M-T M 8 M Most soils, fixes nitrogen. Very shade tolerant, will eventually climb into trees. Edible fruit.
Elaeagnus macrophylla   E M-T M 8 M As E.glabra.
Elaeagnus multiflora Goumi D M-T M 6 M As E.angustifolius. Tolerates air pollution.
Elaeagnus pungens   E M-T M 7 M As E.glabra.
Elaeagnus x reflexa   E M-T M 7 M As E.glabra.
Elaeagnus umbellata   D M-T M 3 M As E.angustifolius. Edible fruit and seed.
Elaeagnus parvifolia   D M-T M 3 M As above but said to have a superior fruit.
Eleutherococcus sieboldianus   D M-T M 4   Well drained humus rich soil, sunny position. Tolerates urban pollution. Edible leaves. Tea.
Erica x darleyensis Heather E S M 6   Prefers a light peaty soil but tolerates chalk.
Erica x veitchii Heather E S-M M 8   Light peaty soil.
Escallonia spp. Escallonia E M-T F 7-9 M Sunny, most soils.
  Many forms incl:- E."Alice", E."Apple blossom", E."C.F.Ball", E.compacta coccinea, E."Crimson spire", E."Donard gem", E."Donard seedling", E."Edinensis", E.x.exoniensis, E."Glasnevin hybrid", E."Ingrami", E."Iveyi", E.laevis, E."Langleyense", E."Pink pearl", E."Pride of donard", E.pulverulenta, E."Red hedger", E.rosea, E.rubra macrantha, E."St.Keverne", E."Slieve donard", E."William Watson".
Eucryphia lucida Leatherwood E M-T M 8   Most soils preferably lime-free.Dislikes cold winds.Sun or semi-shade.Medicinal.
Eucryphia+x+nymansensis   E M-T M 7   Most soils preferably lime-free. Dislikes cold winds. Full sun only if soil is moist.
Euonymus alatus Spindle D M M 3   Most soils if well drained. Medicinal, tea. Edible leaves and fruit???I have my doubts on this report.
Euonymus fortunei   E S M 5   Most soils sun or shade.
Euonymus japonicus Japanese Spindle E M-T M-F 7 M Well drained soil, sun or shade. Hosts sugar beet fly. Rubber from root and stems.
Fagus sylvatica Beech D M-T S-M 5 W Most soils except heavy and wet. Edible young leaves, seed and oil. Medicinal.
Forsythia x intermedia   D M-T M 5   Well drained preferably rich soil.
Fuchsia magellanica Fuchsia D M-T M 6 M Most soils. Often cut back to base in cold winters. Var."Ricartonii"is hardier. Dye, medicinal.

D = Deciduous E = Evergreen

Height:- S = Small (to 4ft for hedges, 20ft for trees.) M = Medium (To 6ft for hedges, 50ft for trees.) T = Tall (over 6ft for hedges, over 50ft for trees.)

Rate of Growth:- S = Slow M = Medium F = Fast

Wind Resistance:- W = tolerates Windy sites M = tolerates Maritime exposure

Hardiness zones 1(hardiest) to 10:- most of Britain is in zone 7 or 8 with some upland and northern areas being colder whilst western and southern coastal areas are milder.


All the information contained in these pages is Copyright (C) Plants For A Future, 1996-2012.
Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567,
Web Design & Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified (but some can). Please view the copyright link for more information.