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Back to Key. Next (A).. (B).. (C).. (D-F).. (G-I).. (L-O).. (P).. (Q-R).. (S).. (T-Z).

Checklist of plants suitable for hedging and windbreaks: C

Botanical name Common name Deciduous/ Evergreen Height Growth rate Hardiness Wind Notes
Caesalpinia decapetala   D M S 8   Sheltered sunny position in well drained soil. Tannin, medicinal.
Callistemon citrinus Bottlebrush E M M 9   Sheltered position. Tea. Tan & cinnamon dyes. C.sieberi & C.viridiflorus can also be used.
Calluna vulgaris Ling E S S 4   Dry acid soil, sunny position. Basketry, thatching, brooms, yellow dye, tea, medicinal, fuel.
Caragana arborescens Siberian pea shrub D M-T M 2   Sunny position, well drained soil. Edible seed and young pods cooked. Erosion control, dye.
Caragana brevispina   D M M 6   Sunny position, well drained soil. Edible seed, cooked. Erosion control.
Carpinus betulus Hornbeam D M-T M 5   Most soils. Yellow dye, medicinal.
Ceanothus thyrsiflorus Blueblossom E M-T F 8 M Sunny position. Slow to establish. Soap from flowers, green dye.
Cedrus libani atlantica Atlas cedar E T M 5   Most soils. Medicinal.
Celastrus orbiculatus Bittersweet D T M 4   Deep rich loamy soil. Edible young leaves-cooked. Medicinal.
Chaenomeles speciosa Japanese quince D M M 5   Most soils, sun or semi shade. Edible fruit. Medicinal.
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Lawsons Cypress E T F 6 W Most soils. Resin
Choisya ternata Mexican orange D M-T M 7   Light soils.
Colletia armata   D M-T S 8 M Sandy well drained soil, sun or light shade.
Cornus mas Cornelian cherry D T M 5   Most soils sunny position. Edible fruit. Oil, dye.
Cornus sanguinea Dogwood D M-T M 5   Most soils. Oil, basketry, grey-blue dye. The fruit is said to be edible but you are welcome to it!
Corokia x.virgata   E M-T M 8   Most soils, well drained.
Corylus avellana Hazel nut D M-T M 4   Most soils. Edible seed, oil. Basketry, wood polish, hurdles. Named varieties can also be used.
Corylus maxima Filbert D M-T M 4   As above.
Cotoneaster spp. Cotoneaster E M-T M 5-7   Most soils. Several species can be used inc;- C."Cornubia", C.divaricatus, C.franchetii, C.frigidus, C.glaucophyllus, C.lacteus, C.simonsii & C.wardii.
Crataegus monogyna Hawthorn D M-T M-F 5 M Most soils. Edible fruit, young shoots. Tea, coffee, medicinal. Also C.laevigata, C.mollis, C.sanguinea, & C.submollis.
Cupressocyparis leylandii Leyland cypress E T F 7 M Most soils.
Cupressus macrocarpa Monterey cypress E T F 8 M Most soils but not shallow.Var."Lutea" is hardier.

D = Deciduous E = Evergreen

Height:- S = Small (to 4ft for hedges, 20ft for trees.) M = Medium (To 6ft for hedges, 50ft for trees.) T = Tall (over 6ft for hedges, over 50ft for trees.)

Rate of Growth:- S = Slow M = Medium F = Fast

Wind Resistance:- W = tolerates Windy sites M = tolerates Maritime exposure

Hardiness zones 1(hardiest) to 10:- most of Britain is in zone 7 or 8 with some upland and northern areas being colder whilst western and southern coastal areas are milder.


Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens.

An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

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