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Back to Key. Next (A).. (B-C).. (E-M).. (P).. (Q-V).

Checklist of Trees and Shrubs for Shelterbelts: P

Botanical name Common name Deciduous/ Evergreen Height Growth rate Hardiness Wind Notes
Picea abies Norway spruce E T F 4 W Damp well drained soil.Dislikes lime.Sunny position.Pitch,essential oil,varnish,medicinal.
Picea glauca White spruce E T M 2 W Damp well drained soil,tolerating poor peats.Var."denstat"is used.Edible young leaves. Tea.
Picea mariana Black spruce E M S 2 W Prefers deep moist soils.Short-lived.Edible catkins,inner bark and gum from bark. Tea, dye.
Picea pungens Blue spruce E T M 3 W Tolerates poor peaty soils.Prefers a cold dry high mountain site.Edible cones.Tea.
Picea sitchensis Sitka spruce E T F 7 M Thrives in acid soils.Requires cool wet summers.Sunny position.Edible shoots and cones.Tea.
Pinus balfouriana Foxtail pine E T S 5 W Sunny well drained soil.
Pinus contorta Shore pine E S-M M-F 7 M Sunny position.Tolerates water-logged soils.Edible sap and inner bark.Pitch medicinal.
Pinus flexilis Limber pine E T M 3 W Sunny well drained soil.Edible seed and inner bark.
Pinus halepensis Aleppo pine E M-T M 8 W Sunny well drained soil,tolerating chalk.Tannin,resin.
Pinus mugo Mountain pine E S M 3 M Sunny position.Tolerates poor soils.Stabilizes sandy soils.Medicinal.
Pinus muricata Bishop pine E T F 8 M Sunny well drained soil,doing well on barren acid sandy soils.
Pinus nigra Black pine E T F 5 M Succeeds on chalk.Sunny well drained soil.Resin,turpentine.
Pinus peuce Balkan pine E T M 5 W Sunny well drained soil.
Pinus pinaster Maritime pine E T F 8 M Sunny well drained soil.Soil stabilizer.Resin.
Pinus ponderosa Ponderosa pine E T M-F 4 W Sunny well drained soil.Edible seed,inner bark.Dye,strewing herb,insulation.
Pinus radiata Monterey pine E T F 8 M Sunny well drained soil.
Pinus sylvestris Scots pine E T M 2 M Sunny well drained soil.Edible inner bark.Resin,essential oil,dye,candles from roots.
Pinus thunbergii Japanese pine E T F 6 W Sunny well drained soil.Edible inner bark.Soil stabilizer.Medicinal.
Platanus occidentalis Western plane D T F 5 W Sunny position.Tolerates drought,air pollution and compacted soils.Disease-prone. Edible sap.
Populus alba White poplar D T M-F 3 M Deep fertile well drained soil.Edible leaves,inner bark.dye,medicinal.
Populus x canadensis Canadian poplar D T F 4 W Deep fertile well drained soil.
Populus x canescens Grey poplar D T F 4 M Deep fertile well drained soil.
Populus deltoides Cottonwood D T F 2 W Deep fertile well drained soil.Edible inner bark and young buds.Soil stabilization.
Populus nigra Black poplar D T F 2 W Deep fertile well drained soil.Cork substitute,medicinal.
Populus tremula Aspen D T F 2 M Moist including heavy cold and damp soils.Edible inner bark.Medicinal.
Prunus cerasifera Cherry plum D M M 4 W See hedge list.
Prunus insititia Damson D S-M M 5 W See hedge list.
Prunus maritima Beach plum D S M 3 M Well drained soil,preferring chalk.Sunny position.Edible fruit.Soil stabilization.
Prunus spinosa Sloe D S M 4 M See hedge list.
Pseudotsuga menziesii Douglas fir E T M-F 7 W Best in a good moist soil,dislikes chalk.Cork substitute, insecticide, tannin, tea, dye, resin.
Pyracantha angustifolia Firethorn E S M 7 W Well drained soil,sun or semi-shade.Succeeds on chalk.


D = Deciduous E = Evergreen

Height:- S = Small (to 4ft for hedges, 20ft for trees.) M = Medium (to 6ft for hedges, 50ft for trees.) T = Tall (over 6ft for hedges, over 50ft for trees.)

Rate of Growth:- S = Slow M = Medium F = Fast

Wind Resistance:- W = tolerates Windy sites M = tolerates Maritime exposure

Hardiness zones 1(hardiest) to 10:- most of Britain is in zone 7 or 8 with some upland and northern areas being colder whilst western and southern coastal areas are milder.

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