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Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil.

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Back to Key. Next (A).. (B-C).. (E-M).. (P).. (Q-V).

Checklist of Trees and Shrubs for Shelterbelts: A

Botanical name Common name Deciduous/ Evergreen Height Growth rate Hardiness Wind Notes
Abies procera Noble fir E T M 5 W Prefers a good moist soil but tolerates poor mountain peats.Dislikes atmospheric pollution.
Acacia longifolia Sallow wattle E M M 8 W Most soils,sunny position.Tolerates some lime Edible seed and pods-cooked.Soil stabilizer.
Acer negundo Box elder D M-T M 2 W Moist well drained soil,sunny position.Edible sap.
Acer platanoides Norway maple D M-T M 3 W Moist well drained soil.Edible sap.Dye.
Acer pseudo-platanus Sycamore D T M-F 5 M Most soils.Can be wind-shaped.Edible sap.Medicinal.
Acer saccharinum Silver maple D M-T M-F 3 W Moist well drained soil.Edible sap and inner bark.Dye,ink.
Alnus cordata Italian alder D T F 6 M Succeeds in drier soils than most alders.Lime tolerant.
Alnus glutinosa Alder D M-T F 3 M See hedge list.
Alnus rubra Red alder D T F 6 M Most soils.Very quick to establish. Edible buds, sap and catkins. Red dye.
Amelanchier alnifolia Service berry D S M 2 W Moist well drained soil,sunny position.Lime tolerant.Edible fruit.Tea.Soil stabilisation.
Amelanchier canadensis Juneberry D M M 4 W See hedge list.
Araucaria araucana Monkey puzzle E T S 8 M Deep moist soil.Best in moister areas of Britain.Dislikes air pollution.Edible seed.Medicinal.
Arbutus unedo Strawberry tree E S-M M 7 M Moist soils,lime tolerant.Sunny position.Resents root disturbance.Edible fruit.Tannin.
Arctostaphylos manzanita Manzanita E S S 8 M Sunny well drained lime free soil.Edible fruit.Brown dye.

KEY

D = Deciduous E = Evergreen

Height:- S = Small (to 4ft for hedges, 20ft for trees.) M = Medium (to 6ft for hedges, 50ft for trees.) T = Tall (over 6ft for hedges, over 50ft for trees.)

Rate of Growth:- S = Slow M = Medium F = Fast

Wind Resistance:- W = tolerates Windy sites M = tolerates Maritime exposure

Hardiness zones 1(hardiest) to 10:- most of Britain is in zone 7 or 8 with some upland and northern areas being colder whilst western and southern coastal areas are milder.

 

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