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Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil.

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Back to Key. Next (A).. (B-C).. (E-M).. (P).. (Q-V).

Checklist of Trees and Shrubs for Shelterbelts: E - M

Botanical name Common name Deciduous/ Evergreen Height Growth rate Hardiness Wind Notes
Eucalyptus coccifera Snow gum E M M 8 W Deep well drained soil,sunny position.Dyes.
Eucalyptus johnstonii Yellow gum E T M-F 8 M Deep well drained soil,sunny position.
Eucalyptus niphophylla Snow gum E S-M S 7 M Deep well drained soil,sunny position.Essential oil.
Eucalyptus pauciflora Ghost gum E M-T M 7 M Deep well drained soil,sunny position.
Fraxinus excelsior Ash D T F 4 M Prefers deep soils,succeeding on chalk.Can be wind shaped.Edible seed.Dye,medicinal,string.
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Red ash D M-T M-F 4 W Most soils.Tolerates urban pollution.Edible inner bark.Medicinal.
Ilex opaca American holly E M S-M 5 W Most soils if not waterlogged.Dislikes root disturbance.Tea.
Juniperus communis Juniper E M S-M 6 M Most soils.Edible fruit-a flavouring.Incense,fumigant,insect repellent,varnish,tea,medicinal.
Larix decidua Larch D T F 4 M Well drained soils,dislikes chalk or peat.Edible inner bark.Resin,tannin,medicinal.
Maclura pomifera Osage orange D M M 5 W See hedge list.
Morus alba White mulberry D M M 4 W Good soil,sunny position.Var."Tartarica"is used.Edible fruit and young leaves.Dye,fibre.

KEY

D = Deciduous E = Evergreen

Height:- S = Small (to 4ft for hedges, 20ft for trees.) M = Medium (to 6ft for hedges, 50ft for trees.) T = Tall (over 6ft for hedges, over 50ft for trees.)

Rate of Growth:- S = Slow M = Medium F = Fast

Wind Resistance:- W = tolerates Windy sites M = tolerates Maritime exposure

Hardiness zones 1(hardiest) to 10:- most of Britain is in zone 7 or 8 with some upland and northern areas being colder whilst western and southern coastal areas are milder.

 

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