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Checklist of Trees and Shrubs for Shelterbelts: Q - U

Botanical name Common name Deciduous/ Evergreen Height Growth rate Hardiness Wind Notes
Quercus ilex Holm oak E T S-M 7 M See hedge list.
Quercus suber Cork oak E T S-M 8 M Prefers a deep fertile soil.Cork.
Rhus typhina Stags horn sumach D M M-F 3 W Most soils including poor ones.Edible fruit,lemonade-like drink.Dye,tannin.Soil stabilization. R.copallina and R.glabra can also be used.
Salix acutifolia   D M F 5 M Most soils if moist.Sunny position.Sand stabilizer,basketry.
Salix alba White willow D T F 2 M See hedge list.
Salix "Bowles hybrid" Bowle`s willow D T F 4 M See hedge list.
Salix brachycarpa   D S M 4 M Most soils if moist.Sunny position.
Salix caprea Goat willow D M F 5 M See hedge list.
Salix daphnoides Violet willow D M F 5 M Most soils if moist.Sunny position.Edible inner bark and catkins.Sand stabilizer,basketry.
Salix hookeriana   D S M 6 M Most soils if moist.Sunny position.Sand stabilizer,string from bark.
Sorbus aria Whitebeam D M M 5 M Most soils.Sunny position.Edible fruit-bletted.Medicinal.
Sorbus aucuparia Rowan D M-T M 2 W Prefers a cool moist position.Edible fruit,oil from seed.Tea,dye,medicinal.
Sorbus intermedia   D M M 5 M See hedge list.
Tamarix africana Tamarisk D M M 8 M Most soils,preferring a good deep loam when inland.
Tamarix gallica Manna plant D S M 5 M See hedge list.
Tamarix parviflora Tamarisk D S-M M 5 M Most soils,preferring a good deep loam when inland.
Tamarix ramosissima Tamarisk D S-M M 2 M Most soils,preferring a good deep loam when inland.Edible manna.
Thuja plicata Western red cedar E T M-F 6 W See hedge list.
Tilia americana American lime D T M 3 W Prefers a fertile neutral to alkaline soil.
Ulmus spp. Elms D M-T M-F 5 M U.glabra,U.parvifolia,U.procera and U.pumila are good wind-resistant trees but are susceptible to Dutch elm disease.


D = Deciduous E = Evergreen

Height:- S = Small (to 4ft for hedges, 20ft for trees.) M = Medium (to 6ft for hedges, 50ft for trees.) T = Tall (over 6ft for hedges, over 50ft for trees.)

Rate of Growth:- S = Slow M = Medium F = Fast

Wind Resistance:- W = tolerates Windy sites M = tolerates Maritime exposure

Hardiness zones 1(hardiest) to 10:- most of Britain is in zone 7 or 8 with some upland and northern areas being colder whilst western and southern coastal areas are milder.


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