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Salix acutifolia - Willd.

Common Name Sharp-Leaf Willow
Family Salicaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Not known
Range N. Europe to E. Asia.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Wet Soil Full sun
Salix acutifolia Sharp-Leaf Willow


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Salix acutifolia Sharp-Leaf Willow

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Salix acutifolia is a deciduous Shrub growing to 10 m (32ft 10in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). and is pollinated by Bees. The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist or wet soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Synonyms

S. daphnoides acutifolia.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Secondary; Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Inner bark;  Leaves.
Edible Uses:

Inner bark - raw or cooked. It can be dried, ground into a powder and added to cereal flours for use in making bread etc. A famine food, it is only used when all else fails[172]. Young shoots - cooked. They are not very palatable[172].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anodyne;  Febrifuge.

The fresh bark of all members of this genus contains salicin[226], which probably decomposes into salicylic acid (closely related to aspirin) in the human body[213]. This is used as an anodyne and febrifuge[226].

Other Uses

Basketry;  Shelterbelt;  Soil stabilization.

Stems are very flexible and are used in basket making[46, 61]. The plant is usually coppiced annually when grown for basket making, though it is possible to coppice it every two years if thick poles are required as uprights. Trees can be planted in shelter-belts for protection against the wind[166]. The extensive root system of this plant is good for binding sandy soils[11].

Cultivation details

Succeeds in most soils, including wet, ill-drained or intermittently flooded soils[1, 11], but prefers a damp, heavy soil in a sunny position[200]. Rarely thrives on chalk[200]. Very wind-resistant, tolerating maritime exposure[166]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[200]. Although the flowers are produced in catkins early in the year, they are pollinated by bees and other insects rather than by the wind[11]. Closely related to S. daphnoides[200] and considered to be a part of that species by some authorities[11, 17]. Some named forms have been developed for their ornamental value[182]. There are also named forms cultivated for basket making[46, 61]. Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[200]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

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Propagation

Seed - must be surface sown as soon as it is ripe in late spring. It has a very short viability, perhaps as little as a few days. Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, November to February in a sheltered outdoor bed or planted straight into their permanent position and given a good weed-suppressing mulch. Very easy. Plant into their permanent positions in the autumn. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, June to August in a frame. Very easy.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Salix aegyptiaca 12
Salix alaxensisFeltleaf Wiillow12
Salix albaWhite Willow13
Salix alba caeruleaCricket Bat Willow13
Salix alba vitellinaGolden Willow13
Salix 'Americana' 02
Salix amygdaloidesPeach Leaved Willow02
Salix appendiculata 12
Salix arenaria 12
Salix atrocinereaRusty Sallow, large gray willow03
Salix auritaEared Sallow02
Salix babylonicaWeeping Willow, Babylon Weeping Willow13
Salix bakko 12
Salix bebbianaBeak Willow, Bebb Willow02
Salix 'Bowles hybrid' 12
Salix brachycarpashortfruit willow12
Salix capreaGoat Willow, Kilmarnock Willow, Pink Pussy Willow, Pussy Willow12
Salix chaenomeloidesJapanese Pussy Willow12
Salix cinereaGrey Willow, Large gray willow03
Salix commutataundergreen willow12
Salix daphnoidesViolet Willow, Daphne willow12
Salix decipiens 12
Salix eriocephalaMissouri Willow, Missouri River willow02
Salix exiguaCoyote Willow, Narrowleaf willow12
Salix fluviatilisRiver Willow02
Salix 'Forbiana' 12
Salix fragilisCrack Willow13
Salix gilgianaWillow12
Salix gooddingiiGoodding's Willow12
123

 

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Author

Willd.

Botanical References

1150200

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