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Populus alba - L.

Common Name White Poplar
Family Salicaceae
USDA hardiness 3-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Woods and watersides[100].
Range C. Europe to Asia. Frequently planted in Britain but not naturalized[17].
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Populus alba White Poplar


http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedysta:Jakubhal
Populus alba White Poplar
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:LlezErysimum capitatum

 

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Summary

Bloom Color: Yellow. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Oval.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Populus alba is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. It is in flower in March. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). and is pollinated by Wind. The plant is not self-fertile.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Inner bark;  Leaves.
Edible Uses:

Leaves - rich in Vitamin C[179]. Inner bark - dried, ground into a powder and added to flour for making bread[2, 105]. A famine food, it is only used when all else fails[177].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Alterative;  Anodyne;  Antiinflammatory;  Antiseptic;  Astringent;  Diuretic;  Febrifuge;  Tonic.


The stem bark is anodyne, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, astringent, diuretic and tonic[14, 46, 61, 178, 218]. The bark contains salicylates, from which the proprietary medicine aspirin is derived[238]. It is used internally in the treatment of rheumatism, arthritis, gout, lower back pains, urinary complaints, digestive and liver disorders, debility, anorexia, also to reduce fevers and relieve the pain of menstrual cramps[14, 46, 61, 178, 213, 238]. Externally, the bark is used to treat chilblains, haemorrhoids, infected wounds and sprains[238]. The bark is harvested from side branches or coppiced trees and dried for later use[238]. The leaves are used in the treatment of caries of teeth and bones[218]. The twigs are depurative[218].

Other Uses

Dye;  Rooting hormone;  Shelterbelt;  Wood.

An extract of the shoots can be used as a rooting hormone for all types of cuttings. It is extracted by soaking the chopped up shoots in cold water for a day[172]. A fairly wind resistant tree, it can be grown as part of a shelterbelt planting[200]. A yellow dye is obtained from the bark[100]. Wood - rather woolly in texture, without smell or taste, of low flammability, not durable, very resistant to abrasion, very light, soft, elastic. It is used for less good quality purposes such as making matches, packing materials etc[11, 13, 46, 61, 100, 115].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Erosion control, Aggressive surface roots possible, Specimen. An easily grown plant, it does well in a heavy cold damp soil[1]. Prefers a deep rich well-drained circumneutral soil, growing best in the south and east of Britain[11, 200]. Growth is much less on wet soils, on poor acid soils and on thin dry soils[11]. This species thrives on drier soils than other members of the genus[188]. It does not do well in exposed upland sites[11] but it is tolerant of maritime exposure, though it can be wind pruned in such a situation[11, 200]. Dislikes shade, it is intolerant of root or branch competition[200]. Tolerates both hot and cool summers[200]. A very ornamental tree, it is fast-growing but fairly short-lived[1, 11, 227]. There are several named varieties[188]. An important food plant for the caterpillars of many species of butterflies[30]. The leaf buds are resinous and exude an aromatic perfume in the spring[245]. Poplars have very extensive and aggressive root systems that can invade and damage drainage systems. Especially when grown on clay soils, they should not be planted within 12 metres of buildings since the root system can damage the building's foundations by drying out the soil[11]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[200]. Special Features: Not North American native, Invasive, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.

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Propagation

Seed - must be sown as soon as it is ripe in spring[113]. Poplar seed has an extremely short period of viability and needs to be sown within a few days of ripening[200]. Surface sow or just lightly cover the seed in trays in a cold frame. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the cold frame. If sufficient growth is made, it might be possible to plant them out in late summer into their permanent positions, otherwise keep them in the cold frame until the following late spring and then plant them out. This species does not often produce viable seed in Britain[11]. Most poplar species hybridize freely with each other, so the seed may not come true unless it is collected from the wild in areas with no other poplar species growing[11]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth, 20 - 40cm long, November/December in a sheltered outdoor bed or direct into their permanent positions. Very easy. Suckers in early spring[78].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Populus angustifoliaNarrowleaf Cottonwood12
Populus 'Balsam Spire'Tacatricho 3203
Populus balsamiferaBalsam Poplar, Black cottonwood13
Populus ciliataHimalayan Poplar02
Populus deltoidesEastern Cottonwood, Plains cottonwood, Rio Grande cottonwood, Necklace Poplar22
Populus deltoides moniliferaPlains Cottonwood12
Populus deltoides wislizeniiRio Grande Cottonwood21
Populus euphratica 01
Populus fremontiiCottonwood, Fremont cottonwood, Fremont Poplar, Western Cottonwood12
Populus grandidentataCanadian Aspen, Bigtooth aspen11
Populus heterophyllaSwamp Cottonwood01
Populus maximowicziiDoronoki, Japanese poplar01
Populus nigraBlack Poplar, Lombardy poplar13
Populus pseudosimonii 11
Populus sieboldiiJapanese Aspen11
Populus simoniiSimon poplar, Chinese Poplar11
Populus tremulaAspen Poplar, European aspen, Aspen12
Populus tremuloidesAmerican Aspen - Poplar, Quaking aspen13
Populus trichocarpaWestern Balsam Poplar, Black cottonwood13
Populus x canadensisCanadian Poplar, Carolina Poplar01
Populus x canescensGrey Poplar01
Populus x jackiiBalm Of Gilead03

 

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Botanical References

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Readers comment

Harshad Raveshia   Wed Sep 3 2008

Can someone inform me what and which 'pest' are commonly found in Poplus Alba tree.. I am doing some research on this particular wood and I need this information so that I can add them in my work..

Timber Technique Everythingin wood... Plantation to Productivity!!

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