We need regular donations to enable us to keep going – to maintain and further develop our free-to-use database of over 8000 edible and useful plants. Donations have increased following recent appeals - thank you! - but we still need at least £1000 (or $1300/ €1200) every month. If you value what we do please give what you can to support our work. More >>>

Follow Us:


Back to Key. Next (A-B).. (C).. (D-E).. (F-G).. (H-K).. (L-O).. (P).. (Q-R).. (S-T).. (U-Z).

Edible Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Britain (Temperate): Q - R

See map here for World temperate areas

CL. Climber     D. Deciduous     E. Evergreen
SH. Shrub       T. Tree

E.T. Quercus ilex Holm Oak Seed Most soils. Very wind resistant
D.T. Quercus prinus Chestnut Oak Seed Good deep loam
  The seed of all species is a good source of carbohydrates although in many species the seed is also rich in tannin which is bitter and indigestible. Unfortunately, some of most palatable species do not fruit well in Britain though the following could be worth trying: Q. alba, Q. douglasii, Q. emoryi, Q. gambelii, Q. muhlenbergii and Q. virginiana
D.T. Rhamnus carolinianus Indian Cherry Fruit Most soils. Might not be very hardy
D.T. Rhamnus purshiana Cascara Sagrada Fruit Most soils
E.SH. Rhaphiolepis indica Indian Hawthorn Fruit Mild areas only. Sunny position, fertile soil
E.SH. Rhaphiolepis umbellata   Seed Sunny position, fertile soil
D.SH. Rhus glabra Smooth Sumach Fruit Sunny position. Most soils
  The fruit of the above species is often steeped in warm water for 10 minutes to make a very refreshing drink. Other species with edible fruits that can also be used in this way include R. aromatica, R. copallina, R. integrifolia, R. punjabensis, R. trilobata and R. typhina
D.SH. Ribes divaricatum Worcesterberry Fruit Most soils
D.SH. Ribes nigrum Blackcurrant Fruit Most soils if rich in humus
D.SH. Ribes rubrum Redcurrant Fruit Most soils
D.SH. Ribes uva-crispa Gooseberry Fruit Most soils. Dislikes clay
  The fruit of all species of Ribes is edible but not always very palatable. Some other species worth trying include R. aciculare, R. altissimum, R. americanum, R. aureum, R. bracteosum, R. cynosbati, R. hirtellum, R. longeracemosum, R. meyeri, R. montigenum, R. odoratum, R. oxyacanthoides, R. palczewskii, R. pauciflorum, R. procumbens, R. rotundifolium, R. sachalinense, R. sanguineum and R. valdivianum
D.T. Robinia pseudoacacia Locust Flowers. Seed - must be cooked Most soils
D.SH. Rosa rugosa Ramanas Rose Fruit, seed, flowers Most soils
D.SH. Rosa villosa Apple Rose Fruit, seed Most soils. Sunny position
  The fruit of all species of Rosa is more or less edible, though the flesh is often very thin and there is a layer of seed hairs just below the flesh that can cause irritation if eaten. The following species are also worth trying: R. acicularis, R. californica, R. canina, R. centifolia, R. macrophylla, R. majalis, R. nutkana and R. sericea
E.SH. Rosmarinus officinalis Rosemary Leaves Sunny position. Light, dry soil
D.CL. Rubus procerus Himalayan Giant Blackberry Fruit Most soils
D.CL. Rubus fruticosus Blackberry Fruit, root Most soils
D.SH. Rubus idaeus Raspberry Fruit Dislikes very heavy soils
D.SH. Rubus laciniatus Parsley-Leaved Blackberry Fruit Most soils
D.SH. Rubus loganobaccus Loganberry Fruit Well-drained soil
D.SH. Rubus phoenicolasius Japanese Wineberry Fruit Most soils
  A very large genus, the fruit of all species is more or less edible. Some of the most noteworthy include R. allegheniensis, R. amabilis, R. biflorus, R. caesius, R. corchorifolius, R. flagelliflorus, R. ichangensis, R. innominatus, R. kuntzeanus, R. lasiostylus, R. leucodermis, R. occidentalis, R. palmatus, R. parviflorus, R. setchuensis and R. tricolor

Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens.

An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More



© 2010, Plants For A Future. Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567.