Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. More >>>

Follow Us:


Back to Key. Next (A-B).. (C).. (D-E).. (F-G).. (H-K).. (L-O).. (P).. (Q-R).. (S-T).. (U-Z).

Edible Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Britain (Temperate): C

See map here for World temperate areas

CL. Climber     D. Deciduous     E. Evergreen
SH. Shrub       T. Tree

D.SH. Callicarpa americana   Fruit Sunny position. Milder areas only
D.SH. Callicarpa mollis   Fruit Sunny position. Milder areas only
E.SH. Calligonum aphyllum   Root, young shoots Sunny position. Dryish sandy loam
D.SH. Calycanthus floridus Carolina Allspice Bark,a Cinnamon substitute Sunny position. Deep moist light loamy soil
D.SH. Calycanthus occidentalis Californian Allspice Bark,a Cinnamon and Allspice substitute Sunny position. Most soils
E.SH. Camellia oleifera Camellia Oil from seed Lime free soil. Best in milder areas
  Other species yielding oil include C. japonica, C. sasanqua
D.SH. Caragana arborescens Siberian Pea Shrub Seed, pods Full sun. Light sandy, not rich soil
D.SH. Caragana pygmaea   Root Full sun. Light sandy, not rich soil
D.SH. Caragana sinica   Flowers Full sun. Light sandy, not rich soil
D.T. Carpinus caroliniana American Hornbeam Seed Most soils
D.T. Carya glabra Pignut Hickory Seed, sap Deep loamy soil. Seed can be sweet or astringent
D.T. Carya laciniosa Shellbark Hickory Seed, sap Deep loamy soil. Sunny position
D.T. Carya ovata Shagbark Hickory Seed, sap Deep loamy soil. Sunny position
  Other species include C. buckleyi, C. carolinae-septentrivnalis, C. cathayensis, C. illinoensis, C. megacarpa, C. myristicaeformis, C. ovalis, C.pallida and C. tomentosa
D.T. Castanea sativa Sweet Chestnut Seed Sunny position. Most soils but dislikes lime
  Other species include C. alnifolia, C. crenata, C. dentata, C. henryi, C. mollissima, C. pumila, C. ozarkensis and C. seguinii
E.T. Castanopsis cuspidata   Seed Best in mild areas
E.T. Castanopsis delavayi   Seed Good deep loam
D.T. Catalpa ovata   Flowers, young pods Sunny, sheltered position
E.SH. Ceanothus cuneatus Buck Bush Seed Sunny position. Light soil low in lime
  Other species include C. fendleri and C. integerrimus
D.CL. Celastrus flagellaris   Young leaves Deep loamy soil
D.CL. Celastrus orbiculatus Young leaves Dioecious
D.CL. Celastrus scandens Climbing Bittersweet Bark and young shoots Deep loamy soil. Dislikes lime. Dioecious
D.T. Celtis occidentalis Sugarberry Fruit, seed Most soils
  Other species include C. australis, C. bungeana, C. caucasia, C. jessoensis, C. Koraiensis, C. laevigata, C. reticulata, C. tournefortii, C. sinensis
E.SH. Cephalotaxus fortunei Chinese Plum Yew Fruit Most soils. Tolerates heavy shade. Dioecious
E.SH. Cephalotaxus harringtonia Japanese Plum Yew Fruit, seed Most soils. Tolerates heavy shade. Dioecious
E.T. Ceratonia siliqua Carob Seed, seed pod Very mild areas only. Well-drained soil
D.T. Cercis canadensis Redbud Flowers Very sunny position. Deep sandy loam
D.T. Cercis siliquastrum Judas Tree Flowers, seed pods Very sunny position. Does best on poorish light soil
D.SH. Chaenomeles cathayensis Chinese Quince Fruit Sunny position. Most soils if well-drained
  Other species include C. japonica, C. speciosa
E.SH. Chamaerops humilis Dwarf Fan Palm Young shoots Sunny position. Well-drained soil. Mild areas only
D.SH. Chionanthus virginicus Fringe Tree Fruit Sunny position
E.T. Chrysolepsis chrysantha   Seed - sweet tasting Lime-free soil. Sheltered, semi-shady position. Fruits well in Edinburgh
D.SH. Clethra barbinervis   Leaves Peaty, well-drained, lime-free soil. Mild areas
D.SH. Comptonia peregrina asplenifolia Sweet Fern Young fruits Peaty, lime-free soil
E.SH. Coprosma species   Fruit Mild areas only. All the species have edible fruits
E.T. Cordyline australis Cabbage Tree Root, shoots Mild areas. Very wind resistant
E.T. Cordyline indivisa   Fruit Mild areas. Very wind resistant
E.SH. Corema conradii Poverty Grass Fruit Lime-free soil
D.SH. Coriaria sinica   Fruit Seed is poisonous. Best in milder areas
  Other species include C. sarmentosa and C. terminalis
D.T. Cornus kousa chinensis   Fruit, young leaves Most soils
D.T. Cornus mas Cornelian Cherry Fruit Most soils. Sunny position
D.SH. Cornus sanguinea Dogwood Oil from seed Most soils
  Other species with edible fruits include C. amomum, C. capitata, C. controversa, C. macrophylla, C. occidentalis, C. officinalis and C. stolonifera
D.SH. Corylus avellana Hazel Nut Seed, oil from seed Most soils and positions
D.SH. Corylus maxima Filberts Seed Most soils and positions
  Other species include C. americana, C. chinensis, C. colurna, C. cornuta, C. heterophylla, C. jacquemontii, C. pontica, C. sieboldiana mandschurica and C. tibetica
E.T. Corynocarpus laevigatus New Zealand Laurel Fruit, seed Mild areas only. Seed must be leeched to remove toxins
D.SH. Cotoneaster racemiflorus   Manna Most soils
D.T. Crataegus azarolus Azarole Fruit Sunny position. Most soils
D.T. Crataegus douglasii   Fruit Sunny position. Most soils
D.T. Crataegus monogyna Hawthorn Leaves, fruit Most soils
  All species of Crataegus have edible fruits though they are often not very desirable. Some of the nicer ones include C. aprica, C. atrosangvinea, C. hupehensis, C. laciniata, C. pensylvanica, C. schraderana, C. succulenta, C. tanacetifolia and C. tomentosa
D.T. Cudrania tricuspidata Silk-Worm Thorn Fruit Very hardy. Most soils. Dioecious
E.SH. Cyathodes colensoi   Fruit Peaty soil
E.SH. Cyathodes fraseri   Fruit Mild areas only
D.T. Cydonia oblonga Quince Fruit Sunny positon. Most soils


© 2010, Plants For A Future. Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified (but some can). Please view the copyright link for more information.
Web Design & Management