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Rhamnus carolinianus - Walter.

Common Name Indian Cherry, Oak, Carolina Buckthorn
Family Rhamnaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards Although no specific mention of toxicity has been found for this species, there is the suggestion that some members of this genus could be mildly poisonous[65].
Habitats Rich woods, sheltered slopes, borders of streams and limestone ridges[43, 82]. Swamps and low ground[235].
Range Eastern N. America - Virginia to Florida, west to Texas and Nebraska.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Rhamnus carolinianus Indian Cherry, Oak, Carolina Buckthorn


Carl Hunter. USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. South National Technical Center, Fort Worth.
Rhamnus carolinianus Indian Cherry, Oak, Carolina Buckthorn
USDA Plant Database

 

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Summary

Bloom Color: Yellow. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Oval.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Rhamnus carolinianus is a deciduous Tree growing to 12 m (39ft 4in) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen in September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Frangula caroliniana.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy; Secondary;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked. The fruit has a thin rather dry flesh[82] with a sweet and agreeable flavour[2, 11, 105, 229]. The fruit is about 7 - 10mm in diameter and contains 2 - 4 small seeds[229]. Some caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity.

Medicinal Uses



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Hepatic.

A tea made from the bark is emetic and strongly laxative[222]. It is used in the treatment of constipation with nervous or muscular atony of the intestines[222]. An infusion of the wood has been used in the treatment of jaundice[257].

Other Uses

Wood.

Wood - rather hard, light, close grained, not strong[82]. It weighs 34lb per cubic foot[227]. Too small to be of commercial value[229].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Border, Erosion control, Pest tolerant, Standard, Specimen. Succeeds in any reasonably good soil[11], whether moderately acid or alkaline[149]. Prefers a moist moderately fertile soil in sun or partial shade[200]. One report suggests that the plant might not be very hardy in Britain[11], whilst another says that it is in climatic zone 6 and thus tolerates temperatures down to about -15°c[200]. A slow-growing and usually short-lived plant in the wild[229]. Plants are susceptible to 'crown rust' of oats[149]. The species in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. This species is closely related to R. purshiana[11]. Special Features: North American native, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a cold frame. Stored seed will require 1 - 2 months stratification at 5°c and should be sown as early in the year as possible in a cold frame[200]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle, and grow them on in the greenhouse or cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out in late spring or early summer of the following year. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame[113]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, autumn in a frame. Layering in early spring[4].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Rhamnus alaternusItalian Buckthorn00
Rhamnus catharticaCommon Buckthorn03
Rhamnus croceusRed Berry20
Rhamnus dahuricaDahurian Buckthorn11
Rhamnus frangulaAlder Buckthorn03
Rhamnus globosalokao00
Rhamnus grandiflora 20
Rhamnus japonicaJapanese buckthorn11
Rhamnus leptophyllus 10
Rhamnus lycioides 00
Rhamnus nepalensis 11
Rhamnus persicus 20
Rhamnus purpureus 01
Rhamnus purshianaCascara Sagrada23
Rhamnus saxatilisAvignon Berry, Rock buckthorn00
Rhamnus saxatilis tinctoriusDyer's Buckthorn00
Rhamnus triquetra 01
Rhamnus utilisChinese Buckthorn00
Rhamnus virgatus 11

 

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Expert comment

Author

Walter.

Botanical References

1143200

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