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Pyrus calleryana - Decne.

Common Name Callery Pear
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Thickets and streamsides to 1500 metres[109]. Slopes, plains, mixed valley forests and thickets at elevations of 100 - 1800 metres[266].
Range E. Asia - China, central and southern Japan.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Pyrus calleryana Callery Pear


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Pyrus calleryana Callery Pear
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Summary

Bloom Color: White. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Pyramidal, Rounded.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Pyrus calleryana is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 15 m (49ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in leaf from April to November, in flower in May, and the seeds ripen from September to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil and can tolerate drought. It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy; Secondary;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[105]. Best used after it has been exposed to frost[177, 183], since this will soften and sweeten the flesh[K]. The fruit is about 25mm in diameter[200].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

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Other Uses

Rootstock  Wood

This species is widely used as a rootstock[183], especially for cultivars of Pyrus pyrifolia[266]. It is said to induce earlier bearing[160]. The wood of this species is hard and close-grained, and is sometimes used for making furniture and stools[266].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Espalier, Firewood, Screen, Specimen, Street tree. Prefers a good well-drained loam in full sun[200]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Tolerates light shade but does not fruit so well in such a position. Tolerates atmospheric pollution, excessive moisture and a range of soil types if they are moderately fertile[200]. Established plants are drought tolerant[200]. Grows well on acid soils[160]. Plants are hardy to about -40°c when they are fully dormant[160]. There are many named forms selected for their ornamental value[200]. The cultivar 'Bradford' is resistant to fireblight[188]. Resists fireblight, collar rot, root aphis, pear psylla and root lesion nematodes[160]. Trees have a short dormancy period and lose their leaves late in the season[160]. Special Features: Not North American native, Naturalizing, Blooms are very showy.

Temperature Converter

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe in the autumn, it will then usually germinate in mid to late winter. Stored seed requires 8 - 10 weeks cold stratification at 1°c and should be sown as early in the year as possible[200]. Temperatures over 15 - 20°c induce a secondary dormancy in the seed[200]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse for their first year. Plant them out in late spring or early summer of the following year.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Cyperus giganteusPiripiri, Mexican Papyrus02
Cyperus papyrusPapyrus. Papyrus sedge22
Pyrus acidula 10
Pyrus amygdaliformis 20
Pyrus autumnalis 10
Pyrus balsanae 30
Pyrus betulaefoliaBirch-Leaved Pear21
Pyrus bretschneideri 20
Pyrus calleryana dimorphophylla 20
Pyrus communisWild Pear, Common pear21
Pyrus communis sativaPear50
Pyrus cordataPlymouth Pear, Pear20
Pyrus elaeagnifolia 20
Pyrus elaeagnifolia kotschyana 20
Pyrus faurei 30
Pyrus glabra 20
Pyrus macrostipes 10
Pyrus maximowicziana 10
Pyrus nivalisSnow Pear20
Pyrus pashiaIndian Wild Pear31
Pyrus persica 20
Pyrus phaeocarpa 20
Pyrus prematura 10
Pyrus pyraster 30
Pyrus pyrifoliaSand Pear, Chinese pear41
Pyrus pyrifolia cultaAsian Pear41
Pyrus regellii 20
Pyrus salicifoliaWillow-Leaved Pear20
Pyrus serrulata 10
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Author

Decne.

Botanical References

11200266

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