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Musa acuminata - Colla.

Common Name Dwarf Banana, Edible banana
Family Musaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Shaded and moist ravines, marshlands, semi-marshlands and slopes from near sea level to 1200 metres[266].
Range E. Asia - Southern China, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Half Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Musa acuminata Dwarf Banana, Edible banana


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:MichaD
Musa acuminata Dwarf Banana, Edible banana
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Miya.m

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Musa acuminata is a PERENNIAL growing to 3 m (9ft 10in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs).
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

 South Wall. By. West Wall. By.

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or dried for later use[177]. Sweet[46, 166]. The fruit is up to 12cm long and 2.5cm wide[200].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

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Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Agroforestry Services: Crop shade  Global Crop  Industrial Crop: Fiber  Management: Managed Multistem  Other Systems: Dyke-pond  Other Systems: Homegarden  Other Systems: Multistrata  Staple Crop: Basic Starch

Requires a sunny sheltered position in a well-drained fertile soil with a pH between 6 and 7.5[200]. This species is able to tolerate light frosts, but it requires a very sheltered position[166]. Another report says that it requires a minimum winter temperature of 10°c and no lower than 18°c when the fruit is ripening[200]. Wild plants are diploid (2n = 22) and bear fruits containing numerous seeds making them inedible. Cultivated plants are triploid (2n = 33) and bear seedless, edible fruits; such plants have been called M. acuminata ‘Dwarf Cavendish’ (M. cavendishii Lambert ex Paxton; M. chinensis Sweet; M. nana Loureiro)[266].

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - sow the large seed in individual pots in the spring in a warm greenhouse at about 20°c[200]. Grow the seedlings on in a rich soil, giving occasional liquid feeds. Keep the plants in the greenhouse for at least three years before trying them outdoors. Division of suckers in late spring. Dig up the suckers with care, trying to cause the least disturbance to the main plant. Pot them up and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in a greenhouse until they are well established.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Dwarf Banana, Apala, Guiteng, banana, bananas, banane, bananier du paradis, banano.

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Africa, Asia, Australia, Burma, Central America, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, East Africa, Hawaii, India, Indochina, Laos, Madagascar, Myanmar, Pacific, SE Asia, St Helena, Thailand, USA, Vietnam,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Ensete ventricosumEthiopian Banana, Abyssinian banana20
Musa balbisianaPlantain, Plantain Banana41
Musa basjooJapanese Banana22
Musa textilisAbaca00
Musa x paradisiacaBanana52
Musanga cecropioidesCorkwood34

 

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Expert comment

Author

Colla.

Botanical References

200266

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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