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Lomatium nudicaule - (Pursh.)Coult.&Rose.

Common Name Pestle Parsnip, Barestem biscuitroot
Family Apiaceae or Umbelliferae
USDA hardiness 6-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry open or lightly wooded areas at low to moderate elevations[60]
Range Western N. America - South British Columbia to California.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Lomatium nudicaule Pestle Parsnip, Barestem biscuitroot


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Wsiegmund
Lomatium nudicaule Pestle Parsnip, Barestem biscuitroot
http://www.flickr.com/photos/foliosus/

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Lomatium nudicaule is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves  Root  Stem
Edible Uses: Tea

Root - raw or cooked[207]. The taste is rather like a hot spicy parsnip[207]. The root can be roasted and used as a vegetable, or can be dried and ground into a powder then used as a flavouring in soups etc[105, 161]. Leaves and young shoots - eaten as a vegetable or used as a celery-like flavouring in soups etc[177, 183, 257]. The leaves, stems and flowers are infused and used as a beverage[161, 183, 257]. Seed - raw or cooked[257]. The immature seed is chewed as a refreshing snack and can be used as a flavouring in soups etc[257]. The vitamin C content of young plants is remarkably high, one cup providing more than the recommended daily allowance[183]. (the part of the plant is not referred to, it is probably the leaves)

References

Medicinal Uses

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Analgesic  Diaphoretic  Febrifuge  Laxative  Pectoral  Poultice

The seeds are analgesic, diaphoretic, febrifuge, laxative and pectoral[257]. They have been chewed in the treatment of fevers, colds and sore throats[257]. An infusion has been used by pregnant women to ensure an easy delivery[257]. A poultice of the crushed seeds has been applied to the head to relieve the pain of headaches[257]. The poultice has also been applied to sore places, pains and itches[257].

References

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Other Uses

Incense  Repellent

The seed is spicy and aromatic, it is used as a house fumigant and deodorant. It also repels mosquitoes[99].

Special Uses

Food Forest

References

Cultivation details

Requires a sunny position in a fertile well-drained soil[188]. Plants are frost hardy[188]. This is a taxonomically very difficult genus, many of the species now included in it have at times been included in other genera[60]. For polyculture design as well as the above-ground architecture (form - tree, shrub etc. and size shown above) information on the habit and root pattern is also useful and given here if available. The plant growth habit is a clumper with limited spread [1-2]. The root pattern is a tap root similar to a carrot going directly down [1-2].

References

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[188]. Stored seed can be rather slow to germinate, when sown in the spring it usually takes at least 12 months to germinate. Giving it a period of cold stratification might reduce this time. The seedlings need to be pricked out into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle, and should be planted out into their permanent positions in the summer. Fresh seed can be sown immediately in situ[188]. Division may be possible in spring or autumn.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Lomatium ambiguumBiscuitroot, Wyeth biscuitrootPerennial0.8 0-0  LMHNDM41 
Lomatium canbyiBiscuitroot, Canby's biscuitrootPerennial0.0 0-0  LMHNDM40 
Lomatium cousBiscuitroot, Cous biscuitrootPerennial0.1 5-12  LMHNDM401
Lomatium dissectumFernleaf Biscuitroot, Carrotleaf biscuitrootPerennial1.4 6-10  LMHNDM422
Lomatium eurycarpum Perennial0.0 -  LMHNDM20 
Lomatium farinosumNorthern Biscuitroot, Hamblen's biscuitrootPerennial0.0 0-0  LMHNDM30 
Lomatium foeniculaceumDesert Biscuitroot, Inyo biscuitroot, Macdougal's biscuitrootPerennial0.2 0-0  LMHNDM30 
Lomatium gayeriBiscuitrootPerennial0.5 -  LMHNDM40 
Lomatium gormaniiGorman's biscuitrootPerennial0.2 0-0  LMHNDM30 
Lomatium grayiBiscuitroot, Gray's biscuitrootPerennial0.5 0-0  LMHNDM40 
Lomatium macrocarpumBigseed BiscuitrootPerennial0.5 5-10  LMHNDM422
Lomatium triternatumNineleaf Biscuitroot, Broadnineleaf biscuitrootPerennial0.8 0-0  LMHNDM31 
Lomatium utriculatumCommon LomatiumPerennial0.0 -  LMHNDM31 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Author

(Pursh.)Coult.&Rose.

Botanical References

60

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