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Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Acanthocereus tetragonusPitahaya. Barbed-wire cactus.30
Acorus calamusSweet Flag - Calamus34
Aegle marmelosBael Tree, Golden Apple, Bengal Quince33
Agave americanaAgave, American century plant33
Agave cantala agaveAgave20
Agave lechuguillaIxtle, Chihuahua12
Agave parryiCentury Plant, Parry's agave, Mescal31
Agave salmianaPulque Agave, Giant Agave30
Agave utahensis discretaCentury Plant31
Agave utahensis eborispinaCentury Plant31
Agave viviparaMescal Casero30
Albuca canadensisSlime Lily, Albuca10
Albuca majorSlime Lily10
Alcea roseaHollyhock32
Alocasia macrorrhizosGiant Taro, Giant Elephant Ear32
Aloe arborescensCandelabra Aloe, Tree Aloe, Mountain Bush Aloe25
Amaranthus mangostanus 20
Amaranthus tricolorChinese Spinach, Joseph's-coat, Fountain Plant, Tampala , Summer Poinsettia31
Ananas comosusPineapple52
Angelica archangelicaAngelica, Norwegian angelica33
Angelica atropurpureaPurplestem Angelica22
Angelica genuflexaKneeling Angelica21
Angelica keiskei 20
Aponogeton distachyosWater Hawthorn, Cape pondweed, Vleikos20
Aralia continentalisManchurian Spikenard20
Aralia cordataUdo42
Aralia schmidtiiSakhalin Spikenard20
Arctium lappaGreat Burdock, Gobo45
Arctium minusLesser Burdock35
Arracacia xanthorrhizaPeruvian Parsnip, Arracacha40
Artemisia schmidtianaSagebrush, Silvermound, Wormwood, Mugwort10
Arundinaria giganteaCanebrake bamboo, Cane Reed, Giant cane31
Asparagus abyssinicus 20
Asparagus acutifolius 30
Asparagus adscendens 21
Asparagus albus 10
Asparagus aphyllus 20
Asparagus dauricus 10
Asparagus filicinusFern Asparagus21
Asparagus maritimus 10
Asparagus officinalisAsparagus, Garden asparagus43
Asparagus racemosusShatavari35
Asparagus sauveolens 10
Asparagus schoberioides 21
Asparagus setaceusAsparagus Fern, Common asparagus fern, Plumosa Fern10
Asparagus stipularis 10
Asparagus tenuifolius 10
Asparagus verticillatus 20
Asphodelus aestivus 31
Astelia solandri 20
Balanites aegyptiacaDesert Date. Desert date, Soapberry tree32
Balsamorhiza sagittataOregon Sunflower, Arrowleaf balsamroot42
Bambusa multiplexHedge Bamboo, Chinese Goddess Bamboo20
Bambusa oldhamiiRyoku-Chiku, Giant Timber Bamboo, Oldham's Bamboo20
Bambusa pervariabilisClumping Bamboo30
Banisteriopsis caapiYage, Ayahuasca, Caapi04
Beta vulgaris ciclaSpinach Beet42
Beta vulgaris flavescensSwiss Chard42
Borassus flabelliferPalmyra Palm42
Brassica carinataAbyssinian Cabbage42
Brassica juncea integrifolia crispifoliaCurled Mustard42
Brassica juncea integrifolia rugosaHead Mustard42
Brassica juncea integrifolia strumataLarge Petiole Mustard42
Brassica juncea integrifolia subintegrifoliaLeaf Mustard42
Brassica juncea strumataLarge Petiole Mustard42
Brassica juncea tsatsai multicepsGreen In The Snow42
Brassica juncea tsatsai tumidaSwollen-Stem Mustard42
Brassica juncea tumidaSwollen-Stem Mustard42
Brassica napusColza, Rape32
Brassica nigraBlack Mustard33
Brassica oleracea gongylodesKohl Rabi31
Brassica rapa chinensisPak Choi41
Bromelia serraBayonet bromeliad10
Bunias orientalisTurkish Rocket, Turkish wartycabbage40
Butia capitataJelly Palm, South american jelly palm20
Cakile edentulaSea Rocket, American searocket, Harper's searocket20
Cakile maritimaSea Rocket, European searocket20
Campanula lasiocarpaMountain harebell20
Carduus cernuus 10
Carduus nutansMusk Thistle, Nodding plumeless thistle22
Carex utriculataSedge, Northwest territory sedge20
Carlina acaulisStemless Carline Thistle22
Caryota urensJaggary Palm, Toddy Palm, Fishtail Wine Palm42
Cassia sieberianaWest African Laburnum14
Cautleya spicata 21
Celastrus scandensClimbing Bittersweet, American bittersweet22
Cephalostachyum pergracileTinwa Bamboo30
Cereus hildmannianusHildmania cactus, Hedge cactus30
Chaerophyllum bulbosumTurnip-Rooted Chervil30
Chimonobambusa marmoreaKan-Chiku10
Chimonobambusa pachystachysThorny Bamboo10
Chimonobambusa purpurea 10
Chimonobambusa quadrangularisSquare Bamboo20
Chimonobambusa szechuanensis 10
Chusquea culeouCuleu20
Chusquea quilaArgentinian quila20
Cicerbita alpinaBlue Sow Thistle21
Cirsium arvenseCreeping Thistle, Canada thistle22
Cirsium brevistylumIndian Thistle, Clustered thistle30
Cirsium eatoniEaton's Thistle11
Cirsium eduleEdible Thistle30
Cirsium eriophorumWooly Thistle20
Cirsium foliosumElk thistle30
Cirsium occidentaleCobwebby Thistle, Snowy thistle, Compact cobwebby thistle20
Cirsium ochrocentrumYellow Spined Thistle22
Cirsium palustreMarsh Thistle20
Cirsium scopulorumMountain thistle10
Cirsium undulatumWavy-Leaved Thistle, Tracy's thistle31
Cirsium vulgareCommon Thistle, Bull thistle, Dodder, Boar Thistle, Bull Thistle21
Cissus quadrangularisVeldt Grape24
Cocos nuciferaCoconut Palm, Coconut52
Coelopleurum gmelini 20
Coelopleurum lucidum 21
Colocasia esculentaTaro, Elephant Ears Taro, Dasheen, Eddo42
Cordyline australisCabbage Tree30
Cordyline indivisaCabbage Tree30
Corypha utanGebang Palm. Corypha palm, Sugar palm32
Crambe orientalis 30
Cryptotaenia canadensisHonewort, Canadian honewort30
Cryptotaenia japonicaMitsuba, Japanese honewort41
Cyathea dealbataTree Fern20
Cyathea medullarisBlack Tree Fern20
Cycas circinalisSago Palm, Queen sago, Fern Palm, Queen Sago Palm21
Cycas revolutaJapanese Sago Palm, Sago palm, King Sago Palm22
Cymbopogon citratusLemon Grass, Citronella grass34
Cynara cardunculusCardoon35
Cynara scolymusGlobe Artichoke35
Cyperus papyrusPapyrus. Papyrus sedge22
Darmera peltataUmbrella Plant, Indian rhubarb, Indian Rubarb, Indian Rubarb20
Dasylirion wheeleriSotol, Common sotol, Bear Grass, Common Sotol, Desert Spoon20
Dendrocalamus asperGiant Bamboo, Dragon bamboo, Sweet bamboo40
Dendrocalamus latiflorusSweet Bamboo, Sweet bamboo shoot, Taiwan giant bamboo40
Dicksonia antarcticaTree Fern, Australian treefern11
Dovyalis abyssinicaAbyssinian Gooseberry42
Drepanostachyum falcatumRingal20
Dudleya edulisMission Lettuce, Fingertips30
Embelia ribesFalse black pepper, White-flowered Embelia34
Encephalartos spp.Bread trees, Bread palms, Kaffir bread10
Ensete ventricosumEthiopian Banana, Abyssinian banana20
Epilobium angustifoliumWillow Herb32
Epilobium coloratumPurpleleaf willowherb10
Epilobium latifoliumRiver Beauty32
Equisetum arvenseField Horsetail23
Equisetum fluviatileSwamp Horsetail, Water horsetail22
Equisetum hyemaleDutch Rush, Scouringrush horsetail, Horsetail, Scouring Rush, Rough Horsetail22
Equisetum scirpoidesDwarf scouring rush22
Equisetum sylvaticumWood Horsetail, Woodland horsetail12
Equisetum telmateiaGiant Horsetail11
Eriogonum inflatumAmerican Pipeweed, Desert trumpet21
Eriogonum latifoliumSeaside Buckwheat21
Eriophorum angustifoliumCotton Grass, Tall cottongrass21
Eriophorum gracileCotton Grass, Slender cottongrass20
Erodium cicutariumStork's Bill, Redstem stork's bill32
Erythrina subumbransDadap. December tree22
Euphorbia helioscopiaMadwoman's Milk12
Euryale feroxFoxnut, Euryale32
Farfugium japonicumLeopard Plant11
Foeniculum vulgareFennel, Sweet fennel53
Foeniculum vulgare azoricumFlorence Fennel33
Foeniculum vulgare dulceSweet Fennel43
Galactites tomentosa 10
Galinsoga parvifloraGallant Soldier21
Gigantochloa hasskarlianaAwi Tela40
Gouania lupuloidesChew Stick22
Griffonia simplicifoliaGriffonia24
Gundelia tournefortiiTournefort's gundelia20
Gunnera perpensa 10
Gunnera tinctoriaGunnera, Chilean gunnera11
Helianthus annuusSunflower, Common sunflower52
Helianthus hybridsPerennial Sunflower42
Heracleum moellendorfii 10
Heracleum pubescensDowny Cow-Parsnip20
Heracleum sphondyliumCow Parsnip, Eltrot32
Heracleum sphondylium montanumCow Parsnip32
Heracleum sphondylium sibiricum 32
Himalayacalamus brevinodus 20
Himalayacalamus cupreus 30
Himalayacalamus falconeri 30
Himalayacalamus fimbriatus 10
Hosta clavata 10
Hosta crispula 20
Hosta longipes 30
Hosta longissimaSwamp Hosta20
Hosta montana 20
Hosta plantaginaeAugust Lily11
Hosta rectifolia 10
Hosta sieboldiana 20
Hosta sieboldii 10
Hosta undulata 20
Hosta ventricosaBlue plantain lily, Hosta21
Hydrangea arborescensSeven Barks, Wild hydrangea, Ashy Hydrangea, Snowhill Hydrangea, Smooth Hydrangea13
Hydrophyllum tenuipesPacific Waterleaf20
Impatiens capensisJewelweed32
Ixeris lanceolata 20
Lactuca indicaIndian Lettuce32
Lactuca indica laciniata 32
Lactuca sativa angustanaCeltuce33
Laser trilobumGladich20
Lespedeza bicolorLespedeza, Shrub lespedeza30
Levisticum officinaleLovage, Garden lovage33
Leymus racemosusVolga Wild Rye, Mammoth wildrye30
Ligularia hiberniflorum 10
Ligularia japonica 10
Ligusticum canbyiOsha30
Ligusticum scoticumScottish Lovage, Scottish licorice-root, Hulten's licorice-root32
Lomatium nudicaulePestle Parsnip, Barestem biscuitroot42
Lonicera henryi 11
Macrozamia spp.Burrawang, Cycads20
Mauritia flexuosaBuriti Palm, Aguaje Palm42
Metroxylon amicarumCaroline Ivory Nut Palm31
Metroxylon saguSago Palm40
Miscanthus sinensisEulalia, Chinese silvergrass, Silver Feather, Eulalia Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, Ornamental Grass12
Musa balbisianaPlantain, Plantain Banana41
Musa x paradisiacaBanana52
Nelumbo luteaAmerican Water Lotus, American lotus41
Nelumbo nuciferaSacred Water Lotus, Sacred lotus43
Nopalea cochenilliferaCochineal plant.22
Oenanthe sarmentosaWater Dropwort,Water parsely31
Onopordum acanthiumScotch Thistle, Scotch cottonthistle21
Opuntia dilleniiDillen prickly pear, 30
Opuntia phaeacanthaBastard Fig, Tulip pricklypear21
Opuntia polyacanthaPlains Prickly Pear, El Paso pricklypear, Grizzlybear pricklypear, Navajo Bridge pricklypear, Hairsp31
Opuntia ramosissimaBranched Pencil Cholla30
Origanum vulgareOregano, Pot Marjoram43
Ornithogalum pyrenaicumBath Asparagus, Pyrenees star of Bethlehem20
Orobanche ludovicianaBroomrape, Louisiana broomrape11
Osmunda claytonianaInterrupted Fern21
Paederia foetidaSkunk Vine24
Paeonia lactifloraChinese Peony, Peony13
Parthenocissus quinquefoliaVirginia Creeper, Woodbine22
Paullinia yocoYoco42
Pennisetum purpureumNapier grass. Elephant grass22
Petasites albusButterbur21
Petasites frigidusSweet Coltsfoot, Arctic sweet coltsfoot, Arrowleaf sweet coltsfoot, Golden Palms Coltsfoot, Butterb21
Petasites hyperboreusArctic Sweet Coltsfoot21
Petasites japonicusSweet Coltsfoot, Japanese sweet coltsfoot, Butterbur32
Petasites palmatusSweet Butterbur, Golden Palms Coltsfoot, Sweet Coltsfoot, Butterbur21
Petasites saggitatusArrowleaf Sweet Coltsfoot21
Phragmites australisCommon Reed, American common reed, Hybrid common reed, European common reed, Subtropical common re52
Phyllostachys angustaStone Bamboo30
Phyllostachys arcanaHalf-Black Bamboo30
Phyllostachys aureaGolden Bamboo, Fishpole Bamboo50
Phyllostachys aureosulcataYellow-Groove Bamboo40
Phyllostachys bambusoidesMadake, Japanese timber bamboo41
Phyllostachys dulcisSweetshoot Bamboo40
Phyllostachys edulisMoso-Chiku, Tortoise shell bamboo41
Phyllostachys flexuosaZig-Zag Bamboo, Drooping timber bamboo30
Phyllostachys glauca 30
Phyllostachys iridescens 30
Phyllostachys makinoiKei-Chiku, Makino bamboo30
Phyllostachys nidulariaBig-Node Bamboo, Broom bamboo50
Phyllostachys nigraBlack Bamboo, Kuro-Chiku43
Phyllostachys nigra henonisHa-Chiku43
Phyllostachys nigra punctataKurodake43
Phyllostachys nudaNude Sheath Bamboo40
Phyllostachys parvifolia 30
Phyllostachys praecoxViolet Bamboo30
Phyllostachys propinqua 30
Phyllostachys purpurata 30
Phyllostachys rubromarginataReddish bamboo30
Phyllostachys sulphureaOugon-Kouchiku, Sulphur bamboo00
Phyllostachys sulphurea viridisKou-Chiku40
Phyllostachys viridiglaucescensGreenwax golden bamboo40
Phyllostachys vivaxGiant Timber Bamboo, Running giant bamboo30
Phytolacca dodecandraEndod, Pokeberry23
Pleioblastus gramineus 20
Pleioblastus hindsiiHinds' cane-bamboo30
Pleioblastus intermedius 00
Pleioblastus maculatus 00
Pleioblastus simoniiMedake, Simon bamboo30
Poa flabellataTussock grass10
Polygonum alaskanumAlaska Wild Rhubarb21
Polygonum alpinumAlpine Knotweed, Alaska wild rhubarb21
Polygonum japonicumJapanese Knotweed, Mexican Bamboo, Japanese Knotweed33
Polygonum polystachyumHimalayan Knotweed, Cultivated knotweed20
Polygonum sachalinenseGiant Knotweed20
Potamogeton cristatus 10
Potamogeton distinctus 10
Potamogeton natansBroad-Leaved Pondweed, Floating pondweed31
Potamogeton oxyphyllus 20
Potamogeton pectinatusFennel-Leaved Pondweed31
Potentilla fragarioides 11
Prosopis albaWhite carob tree, Algarrobo blanco32
Pseudosasa japonicaMetake - Bamboo21
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusWinged Bean30
Pueraria montanaKudzu Vine45
Ranunculus kochii 10
Raphia fariniferaRaffia Palm30
Raphia hookeriIvory Coast Raffia Palm32
Reynoutria japonicaJapanese knotweed.33
Rheum australeHimalayan Rhubarb33
Rheum compactum 20
Rheum nobileSikkim Rhubarb32
Rheum officinaleChinese Rhubarb13
Rheum palmatumTurkey Rhubarb, Chinese Rhubarb - Da Huang, Chinese rhubarb35
Rheum rhaponticumRhubarb, Garden rhubarb23
Rheum ribes 20
Rheum spiciforme 21
Rheum tataricumTartarian Rhubarb20
Rheum x cultorumRhubarb43
Rhodiola roseaRose Root23
Rhus glabraSmooth Sumach43
Rhus x pulvinata 42
Rosa acicularisPrickly Rose22
Rosa arkansanaLow Prairie Rose21
Rosa chinensisChina Rose12
Rosa fraxinellaefolia 21
Rosa gymnocarpaWood Rose, Dwarf rose, Gasquet rose21
Rosa majalisCinnamon Rose, Double cinnamon rose21
Rosa moschataMusk Rose21
Rosa multifloraJapanese Rose, Multiflora rose22
Rosa nutkanaNootka Rose, Bristly Nootka rose32
Rosa pisocarpaCluster Rose, Ahart's cluster rose22
Rosa rubiginosaSweet Briar, Sweetbriar rose23
Rosa rugosaRamanas Rose, Rugosa rose52
Rosa woodsiiWestern Wild Rose, Woods' rose, Tehachapi rose22
Rosa x damascenaDamask Rose21
Rubus allegheniensisAlleghany Blackberry, Graves' blackberry32
Rubus flagellarisNorthern Dewberry31
Rubus idaeusRaspberry, American red raspberry, Grayleaf red raspberry53
Rubus leucodermisWhitebark Raspberry41
Rubus occidentalisBlack Raspberry42
Rubus parviflorusThimbleberry33
Rubus spectabilisSalmonberry32
Rubus strigosusAmerican Red Raspberry, Grayleaf red raspberry33
Rubus ursinusPacific Dewberry, California blackberry32
Rudbeckia laciniataCone Flower, Cutleaf coneflower, Green Headed Coneflower11
Rumex hymenosepalusCanaigre, Canaigre dock22
Rumex obtusifoliusRound-Leaved Dock, Bitter dock12
Rumex paucifoliusFewleaved Dock, Alpine sheep sorrel10
Rumex salicifoliusWillow Dock, Toothed willow dock, Lake willow dock, Mexican dock12
Rumex venosusSour Greens, Veiny dock12
Ruscus aculeatusButcher's Broom - Knee Holly13
Saccharum hybridsEnergy Cane42
Saccharum officinarumSugarcane, Purple Sugar Cane42
Sagittaria chapmaniiChapman's arrowhead00
Salicornia rubraRed Glasswort, red swampfire10
Salvia apianaWhite Sage, Compact white sage31
Salvia lanata 11
Salvia moorcroftiana 11
Sasa cernua 10
Sasa chimakisasa 10
Sasa kurilensisChishima Zasa41
Sasa senanensis 20
Sasa veitchiiKuma-Zasa, Kuma bamboo grass10
Saxifraga stoloniferaStrawberry Saxifrage, Creeping Saxifrage, Strawberry Geranium, Strawberry Begonia22
Scandix pecten-venerisShepherd's Needle20
Schinus molleCalifornia Peppertree, Peruvian peppertree21
Schoenoplectus californicus tatoraTotora20
Scirpus americanusAmerican Bulrush20
Scirpus fluviatilisRiver Bulrush21
Scirpus lacustrisBulrush31
Scirpus microcarpusPanicled Bulrush31
Scirpus subterminalisWater Bulrush20
Scolymus grandifloruscommon goldenthistle10
Scolymus hispanicusSpanish Salsify, Common Goldenthistle30
Semiarundinaria fastuosaNarihiradake, Narihira bamboo50
Senecio nemorensis 11
Senecio nemorensis fuchsii 10
Senegalia catechuBlack Catechu23
Senegalia senegalGum Arabic32
Silybum marianumMilk Thistle, Blessed milkthistle35
Sium helenianum 10
Smilax bona-noxGreenbriar, Saw greenbrier, Dunes saw greenbrier32
Smyrnium olusatrumAlexanders31
Smyrnium perfoliatum 30
Solanecio biafraeSierra Leone Bologi42
Sonchus arvensisField Milk Thistle, Field sowthistle, Moist sowthistle21
Sonchus asperPrickly Sow Thistle, Spiny sowthistle21
Sonchus oleraceusSow Thistle, Common sowthistle22
Sorghum bicolorSorghum, Common wild sorghum, Grain sorghum, Sudangrass42
Sorghum hybridsPerennial Sorghum41
Sparganium americanumBur-Reed, American bur-reed10
Sparganium androcladumBranching Bur-Reed10
Sparganium erectumBur Reed, Simplestem bur-reed21
Sparganium stoloniferum 11
Stenocereus stellatusJoconostle cactus, Baja organ pipe cactus30
Stilbocarpa polaris 20
Syagrus coronataLicuri Palm, Ouricury palm32
Thamnocalamus aristatus 20
Thamnocalamus spathiflorus 20
Thuja occidentalisAmerican Arbor-Vitae, Arborvitae, Eastern Arborvitae, Siberian Arborvitae, Northern White Cedar, Wh23
Thysanotus patersoniiTwining Fringed Lily10
Tragopogon porrifoliusSalsify32
Tragopogon pratensisGoat's Beard32
Triglochin maritimaSea Arrow Grass20
Triglochin palustrisMarsh Arrow Grass20
Typha angustifoliaSmall Reed Mace, Narrowleaf cattail53
Typha bungeana 43
Typha davidiana 43
Typha domingensisSouthern Cattail43
Typha elephantinaBora. Elephant grass, Indian reed-mace.33
Typha glaucaHybrid cattail40
Typha latifoliaReedmace, Broadleaf cattail, Bullrush, Nailrod53
Typha laxmannii 41
Typha orientalisBroadleaf Cumbungi43
Uncaria guianensisCat's Claw24
Uncaria tomentosaCat's Claw24
Vachellia tortilisUmbrella Thorn22
Vitis coignetiaeCrimson Glory Vine20
Xanthorrhoea australisGrasstree21
Yucca aloifoliaSpanish Bayonet, Aloe yucca, Dagger Plant, Yucca, Spanish Bayonet31
Yucca angustissimaNarrowleaf yucca, Kanab yucca, Toft's yucca, Yucca30
Yucca baccataSpanish Bayonet, Banana yucca, Blue Yucca, Spanish Yucca41
Yucca constrictaBuckley's Yucca20
Yucca elataSoap Tree, Soaptree yucca, Soapweed, Soapweed Yucca20
Yucca filamentosaSpoonleaf Yucca, Adam's needle, Desert Candle, Needle Palm, St. Peter's Palm, Spanish Bayonet, Comm31
Yucca filifera 20
Yucca glaucaSoapweed, Soapweed yucca, Gurney's yucca, American Vetch, Yucca, Narrowleaf Yucca, Soapweed22
Yucca gloriosaSpanish Dagger, moundlily yucca, Palm Lily, Roman Candle, Mound Lily Yucca, Spanish Dagger21
Yucca harrimaniaeSpanish Bayonet, New Mexico Spanish bayonet20
Yucca recurvifoliaCurve-leaf yucca30
Yucca rupicolaTwisted-Leaf Yucca, Texas yucca20
Yucca schidigeraMojave Yucca, Yucca30
Yucca smallianaAdam's Needle, Weak-leaf yucca20
Yucca whippleiOur Lord's Candle30
Zamia sppZamia cycads. Pine cone cycad20
Zea hybridsPerennial corn, Perennial Maize53
Zea maysSweet Corn, Corn53
Zizania aquaticaWild Rice, Annual wildrice50
Zizania latifoliaManchurian Wild Rice41
Zoysia japonicaKorean Lawn Grass10
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