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Lomatium macrocarpum - (Nutt.)Coult.&Rose.

Common Name Bigseed Biscuitroot
Family Apiaceae or Umbelliferae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Open rocky hills and plains, not extending much into the mountains[60].
Range Western N. America - British Columbia to California.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Lomatium macrocarpum Bigseed Biscuitroot


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Wsiegmund
Lomatium macrocarpum Bigseed Biscuitroot
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Wsiegmund

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 
Lomatium macrocarpum is a PERENNIAL. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Root  Seed
Edible Uses: Tea

Root - raw or cooked[257]. A staple food for a number of native North American Indian tribes[257]. The root is usually peeled before being cooked or eaten[257]. It can be dried and ground into a powder and then used to make cakes etc[105, 161, 183]. Seed - raw or cooked. Very nutritious, they can also be ground into a powder[183] and then used with cereal flours when making bread, cakes etc, or be used as a flavouring in soups etc[257]. The seed is very small, but quite easy to harvest[183, K]. A tea can be made from the leaves, stems and flowers[183].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Infertility  Pectoral  Poultice  Sedative  Tonic

An infusion of the roots has been used as a general strengthener for a weakened patient[257]. The infusion is also used as a treatment for colds, influenza and bronchitis[257]. The root has been chewed and the juice swallowed as a treatment for sore throats[257]. The root has been eaten by childless couples, especially older people, in order to help them conceive[257]. A poultice made from the boiled root has been used to treat swellings[257]. The leaves have been used as a padding in a child's cradle to encourage it to sleep more[257].

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Other Uses

Incense

The root has been dried then burnt as a ceremonial incense[257].

Special Uses

Food Forest

Cultivation details

We have almost no information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors in much of the country. It can be assumed that plants will require a dry to moist but well-drained soil in a sunny position. Polymorphic[60]. This is a taxonomically very difficult genus, many of the species now included in it have at times been included in other genera[60]. For polyculture design as well as the above-ground architecture (form - tree, shrub etc. and size shown above) information on the habit and root pattern is also useful and given here if available. The plant growth habit is a clumper with limited spread [1-2]. The root pattern is a tap root similar to a carrot going directly down [1-2].

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Stored seed can be rather slow to germinate, when sown in the spring it usually takes at least 12 months to germinate. Giving it a period of cold stratification might reduce this time. The seedlings need to be pricked out into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle, and should be planted out into their permanent positions in the summer. Fresh seed can be sown immediately in situ. Division may be possible in spring or autumn.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Lomatium ambiguumBiscuitroot, Wyeth biscuitrootPerennial0.8 0-0  LMHNDM41 
Lomatium canbyiBiscuitroot, Canby's biscuitrootPerennial0.0 0-0  LMHNDM40 
Lomatium cousBiscuitroot, Cous biscuitrootPerennial0.0 0-0  LMHNDM40 
Lomatium dissectumFernleaf Biscuitroot, Carrotleaf biscuitrootPerennial0.0 0-0  LMHNDM422
Lomatium eurycarpum Perennial0.0 -  LMHNDM20 
Lomatium farinosumNorthern Biscuitroot, Hamblen's biscuitrootPerennial0.0 0-0  LMHNDM30 
Lomatium foeniculaceumDesert Biscuitroot, Inyo biscuitroot, Macdougal's biscuitrootPerennial0.2 0-0  LMHNDM30 
Lomatium gayeriBiscuitrootPerennial0.5 -  LMHNDM40 
Lomatium gormaniiGorman's biscuitrootPerennial0.2 0-0  LMHNDM30 
Lomatium grayiBiscuitroot, Gray's biscuitrootPerennial0.5 0-0  LMHNDM40 
Lomatium nudicaulePestle Parsnip, Barestem biscuitrootPerennial0.6 0-0  LMHNDM422
Lomatium triternatumNineleaf Biscuitroot, Broadnineleaf biscuitrootPerennial0.8 0-0  LMHNDM31 
Lomatium utriculatumCommon LomatiumPerennial0.0 -  LMHNDM31 

 

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Author

(Nutt.)Coult.&Rose.

Botanical References

60

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