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Linum hybrids - Various

Common Name Perennial Flax
Family Linaceae
USDA hardiness 7-11
Known Hazards The seed of some strains contain cyanogenic glycosides in the seed though the toxicity is low, especially if the seed is eaten slowly. It becomes more toxic if water is drunk at the same time[76, 222]. The cyanogenic glycosides are also present in other parts of the plant and have caused poisoning to livestock[240]. Contraindicated with a stricture of the oesophagus in no bowel movement conditions and acute gut inflammatory diseases. Contraindicated in pregnancy. Some suggestion it should be avoided with prostate gland diseases [301].
Habitats Native to temperate and subtropical regions of the world.
Range Origin: Hypothetical.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (4 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (4 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Linum hybrids Perennial Flax


Linum hybrids Perennial Flax
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Summary

Linum is a genus of approximately 200 species commonly known as flax. They are native to temperate and subtropical regions of the world. Linum usitatissimum (Common flax) is used to produce linen and the seeds to produce linseed oil. Perennial hybrids of flax can be used as carbon farming solution plants producing an edible oil grown as a staple crop and as an industrial fibre crop. Sometimes misspelt as Linium.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Linum hybrids is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.8 m (2ft 7in) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Many. See individual species.

Habitats

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Oil  Seed
Edible Uses: Oil

Carbon Farming Solutions - Staple Crop: oil (The term staple crop typically refers to a food that is eaten routinely and accounts for a dominant part of people's diets in a particular region of the world) [1-1].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


Linseed has a long history of medicinal use, its main effects being as a laxative and expectorant that soothes irritated tissues, controls coughing and relieves pain[238]. The seed, or the oil from the seed are normally used[238]. The seed is analgesic, demulcent, emollient, laxative, pectoral and resolvent[4, 9, 21, 46, 165, 218, 240]. The crushed seed makes a very useful poultice in the treatment of ulceration, abscesses and deep-seated inflammations[4, 244]. An infusion of the seed contains a good deal of mucilage and is a valuable domestic remedy for coughs, colds and inflammation of the urinary organs[4]. If the seed is bruised and then eaten straight away, it will swell considerably in the digestive tract and stimulate peristalsis[9] and so is used in the treatment of chronic constipation[238]. The oil in the seed contains 4% L-glutamic acid, which is used to treat mental deficiencies in adults[218]. It also has soothing and lubricating properties, and is used in medicines to soothe tonsillitis, sore throats, coughs, colds, constipation, gravel and stones[4, 244]. When mixed with an equal quantity of lime water it is used to treat burns and scalds[244]. The bark and the leaves are used in the treatment of gonorrhoea[240]. The flowers are cardiotonic and nervine[240]. The plant has a long history of folk use in the treatment of cancer[218]. It has been found to contain various anticancer agents[218]. The German Commission E Monographs, a therapeutic guide to herbal medicine, approve Linum usitatissimum for constipation, inflammation of the skin (see [302] for critics of commission E).

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Other Uses

Oil

Carbon Farming Solutions - Industrial Crop: fiber (Crops grown for non-food uses. Industrial crops provide resources in three main categories: materials, chemicals, and energy. Traditional materials include lumber and thatch, paper and cardboard, and textiles) [1-1].

Special Uses

Carbon Farming

Cultivation details

Industrial Crop: Fiber  Management: Hay  Management: Standard  Staple Crop: Oil  Under Development

Climate: boreal to warm temperate. Humidity: semi-arid to humid. Carbon Farming Solutions - Cultivation: under development? Management: standard, hay (Describes the non-destructive management systems that are used in cultivation) [1-1].

Carbon Farming

  • Industrial Crop: Fiber  Clothing, rugs, sheets, blankets etc. Currently, almost none of our fiber are produced from perennial crops but could be!
  • Management: Hay  Cut to the ground and harvested annually. Non-destructive management systems maintaining the soil organic carbon.
  • Management: Standard  Plants grow to their standard height. Harvest fruit, seeds, or other products. Non-Destructive management systems.
  • Staple Crop: Oil  (0-15 percent protein, 16+ percent oil). Some of these are consumed whole while others are exclusively pressed for oil. Annuals include canola, poppyseed, maize, cottonseed, sunflower, peanut. Perennials include high-oil fruits, seeds, and nuts, such as olive, coconut, avocado, oil palm, shea, pecan, and macadamia. Some perennial oil crops are consumed whole as fruits and nuts, while others are exclusively pressed for oil (and some are used fresh and for oil).
  • Under Development  Plant breeders are actively working to domesticate these plants for cultivation, but they are not yet commercially available as crops. Examples include most of the perennial cereal grains.

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Propagation

See individual species.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Flax. Flax hybrids. Sometimes misspelt as Linium

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Allium pendulinum Bulb0.3 -  LMSM32 
Apium graveolens secalinumLeaf CeleryBiennial0.6 -  LMSNM42 
Conioselinum pacificumPacific Hemlock-ParsleyPerennial0.0 -  LMNM21 
Conioselinum vaginatum Perennial0.8 -  LMHSNM01 
Gymnanthemum amygdalinumBitterleafShrub8.0 10-12 MLMHNDM432
Lilium pardalinumPanther Lily, Leopard lily, Pitkin Marsh lily, Vollmer's lilyShasta lily, Wiggins' lilyBulb2.0 5-9 MLMHSNMWe20 
Linum biennePale FlaxAnnual/Perennial0.6 6-9  LMNM00 
Linum catharticumPurging Flax, Fairy flaxAnnual0.3 0-0  LMNM02 
Linum crepitans Annual0.6 -  LMNM00 
Linum humile Annual0.6 -  LMNM10 
Linum marginaleNative FlaxPerennial0.6 -  LMNM10 
Linum monogynum Perennial0.6 7-10  LMNM00 
Linum perennePerennial Flax, Blue flax, Alpine flaxPerennial0.3 5-9 MLMNDM32 
Linum strictum Annual0.4 5-9  LMNDM01 
Linum usitatissimumFlax, Common flaxAnnual0.7 4-8  LMNM43 
Mesembryanthemum crystallinumIce Plant, Common iceplantPerennial0.1 8-11  LMHNDM310
Pedicularis sceptrum carolinumLousewortPerennial1.2 -  LMHSNM11 
Petroselinum crispumParsleyBiennial0.6 0-0 MLMHSNM44 
Petroselinum crispum tuberosumHamburg ParsleyBiennial0.6 -  LMHSNM43 
Petroselinum segetumCorn CarawayBiennial1.0 -  LMHSNM10 
Peucedanum oreoselinum Perennial1.0 4-8  LMHNM01 
Pteridium aquilinumBracken, Western brackenfern, Decomposition brackenfern, Hairy brackenfernFern1.2 4-7 FLMHSNDM220
Pteridium aquilinum esculentumBrackenFern1.2 4-8  LMHSNDM22 
Talinum aurantiacumOrange FlameflowerPerennial0.4 -  LMHSNM10 
Thalictrum collinumLesser meadow-ruePerennial0.0 0-0  LMHSNM01 

 

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