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Laburnum anagyroides - Medik.

Common Name Laburnum, Golden chain tree
Family Fabaceae or Leguminosae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards All parts of the plant, and especially the seed, are poisonous[1, 61].
Habitats Woods and scrub on limestone[50, 200].
Range C. and S. Europe.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Laburnum anagyroides Laburnum, Golden chain tree


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Laburnum anagyroides Laburnum, Golden chain tree
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Laburnum anagyroides is a deciduous Tree growing to 6 m (19ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from Sep to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay and nutritionally poor soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.
It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

Synonyms

L. vulgare. Cytisus laburnum.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Pectoral.

The seed contains the poisonous alkaloid 'cystisine'. This has been used in the treatment of whooping cough and asthma[4].

Other Uses

Insecticide;  Rootstock;  Wood.

This plant is often used as a rootstock for other members of the pea and bean family[11]. The seeds contain the poisonous alkaloid 'cytisine'. This has insecticidal properties similar to nicotine (Nicotiana spp.) but cannot be recommended for used since it needs to be used in such a concentration that it can then be absorbed over a wide area of the body with possibly fatal results[4]. Wood - coarse grained, durable, dark coloured and very hard, it can be used as an ebony substitute[4, 11, 46]. It is much in demand among turners, and is used in making instruments and furniture especially where strength and smoothness are important[4, 11, 46, 61].

Cultivation details

A very tolerant and easily grown plant, it succeeds in almost any soil or situation[1] so long as it is not water-logged[11]. It grows well in heavy clay soils. Succeeds in cold exposed situations and tolerates industrial pollution[200]. Plants can be successfully transplanted even when quite large[200]. The flowers are delicately scented[245]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200]. This species is notably susceptible to honey fungus[200].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse or cold frame[200]. Germination is usually very quick and good[78]. Prick out indoor-sown seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out in the summer. Another option is to pre-soak the stored seed for 12 hours in warm water and sow in an outdoor seed bed in early spring. These plants an be allowed to grow on in the seedbed for two years before planting them out in the winter. Cuttings of mature wood in late winter planted in the open ground[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Cassia fistulaGolden Shower, Purging Cassia, Golden Chain Tree, Indian Laburnum14
Cassia sieberianaWest African Laburnum14
Laburnum alpinumScotch Laburnum, Alpine Bea Tree, Alpine Golden Chain Tree01

 

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Expert comment

Author

Medik.

Botanical References

1150200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

sven ostergaard   Fri Aug 17 2007

what to do, if poison by the plant, I am

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Subject : Laburnum anagyroides  
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