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Juniperus sabina - L.

Common Name Savine, Tam Juniper
Family Cupressaceae
USDA hardiness 4-7
Known Hazards The whole plant is poisonous and can produce abortions[4].
Habitats Dry stony places in mountains[50], usually on limestone[11], at elevations of 1000 - 2300 metres.
Range C. and S. Europe to N. America.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Juniperus sabina Savine, Tam  Juniper


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Juniperus sabina Savine, Tam  Juniper
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Summary

Form: Spreading or horizontal, Upright or erect.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Juniperus sabina is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. It is in leaf all year, in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). and is pollinated by Wind. The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Sabina vulgaris.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Ground Cover; Hedge;

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Abortifacient  Diuretic  Emetic  Emmenagogue  Irritant  Parasiticide  Warts

The young shoots are abortifacient, diuretic, emetic, powerfully emmenagogue and irritant[4, 7]. The plant is rarely used internally but is useful as an ointment and dressing to blisters etc in order to promote discharge[4]. The powdered leaves are also used in the treatment of warts[1, 4, 7, 21]. The shoots are harvested in spring and dried for later use[4]. Use with great caution and never during pregnancy[4, 21], see notes above on toxicity.

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Other Uses

Essential  Hedge  Hedge  Insecticide  Parasiticide  Repellent

Leaves are used as an insect repellent, a decoction of them is used against lice[46, 61]. An essential oil from the leaves and shoots has strong diuretic properties and is also used in perfumery[1, 61]. Yields of around 4% are obtained, this oil is also used as an insecticide[7]. A good dense ground cover plant, though it is slow to cover the ground[197]. The species type eventually forms a high ground cover, but there are many named forms that are lower-growing[208]. The sub-species J. sabina tamariscifolia has been particularly recommended[188]. Plants should be spaced about 1.2 metres apart each way[208]. The taller forms of this species make a good hedge[245].

Special Uses

Ground cover  Hedge  Hedge  Scented Plants

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Alpine garden, Erosion control, Ground cover, Massing, Rock garden. Succeeds in most soils if they are well drained, preferring a neutral or slightly alkaline soil[1, 11]. Prefers a limestone soil[1]. Succeeds in poor soils and in light shade[197]. Established plants are drought tolerant, succeeding in hot dry positions[200]. Tolerates maritime exposure[200]. A very ornamental plant[1], there are many named varieties[188]. All parts of the plant have a powerful pungent smell[245]. Plants can be dioecious or monoecious. Male and female plants must be grown if fruit and seed are required. The plant is sometimes attacked by a rust, this is a fungus with an aecidial stage on the leaves of pear trees[1]. Plants are resistant to honey fungus[88]. Special Features: Not North American native, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.

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Propagation

The seed requires a period of cold stratification. The seed has a hard seedcoat and can be very slow to germinate, requiring a cold period followed by a warm period and then another cold spell, each of 2 - 3 months duration[78, 81]. Soaking the seed for 3 - 6 seconds in boiling water may speed up the germination process[11]. The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Some might germinate in the following spring, though most will take another year. Another possibility is to harvest the seed 'green' (when the embryo has fully formed but before the seedcoat has hardened). The seedlings can be potted up into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Grow on in pots until large enough, then plant out in early summer. When stored dry, the seed can remain viable for several years[1]. Cuttings of mature wood, 5 - 10cm with a heel, September/October in a cold frame. Plant out in the following autumn[1, 78]. Layering in September/October. Takes 12 months[78].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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