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Cissus quadrangularis - L.

Common Name Veldt Grape
Family Vitaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Scrub; thicket; Acacia woodland; grassland with scattered Combretum etc; termite mounds; riverine thicket; coastal forest edges; sandy banks of rivers; outwash gully in dense mixed thicket; at elevations from near sea level to 2,250 metres in Africa[ 328 ]
Range Throughout tropical Africa; through the Arabian Peninsula to the Indian subcontinent, Myanmar, Thailand, Indonesia and Philippines.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (4 of 5)
Care
Tender Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Cissus quadrangularis Veldt Grape


SAplants wikimedia.org
Cissus quadrangularis Veldt Grape
Frank Vincentz wikimedia.org

 

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Summary

Also known as Devil's Backbone, Adamant Creeper, and Pirandai, Veldt Grape or Cissus quadrangularis is a deciduous, succulent, climbing perennial plant that reaches up to 3 m long. The leaves are toothed and trilobe, and occur only on the nodes of young shoots. The small green or yellow flowers form into clusters. The fruit is red to black and round. The plant is tolerant to drought and can be used for xeriscaping. It is grown from stem cuttings. Medicinally, it is used in the treatment of asthma, hemorrhoids, wounds, broken bones, boils, burns, rheumatic pains, and indigestion. The young stems are cooked. The leaves and young shoots are used in the preparation of curries and poppadoms. The fruits are eaten and the seeds are used for cooking oil. Ash of the plant is used as a substitute for baking powder.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of climber
Cissus quadrangularis is an evergreen Climber growing to 5 m (16ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid and very alkaline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Cissus tetragona Harv. Vitis quadrangularis (L.) Wall. ex Wight & Arn. Vitis succulenta Galpin

Habitats

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit  Leaves  Shoots  Stem
Edible Uses:

Young green stems - cooked[ 310 ]. Usually fried or curried[ 310 ]. The leaves and young shoots are used in the preparation of poppadoms and curries[ 301 ]. Fruit[ 301 ]. The ash of the plant is used as a substitute for baking powder[ 310 ].

Medicinal Uses

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An infusion of the plant is antifungal and anthelmintic[ 317 ]. The pulped stem is given in the treatment of asthma; is used as an alterative in cases of amenorrhoea; and is given in the treatment of haemorrhoids[ 310 ]. The leaves or young stems are analgesic and also speed the rate of healing[ 646 ]. They are crushed and applied as a poultice to ease the pain of broken bones; for the maturation of boils; to cure wounds and burns; to ease the pain of rheumatic joints; and also as a treatment for saddle sores on horses[ 310 ]. The powdered dry roots are used for treating indigestion[ 310 ]. The powdered root is considered to be a specific in the treatment of fractured bones[ 310 ].

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Other Uses

Other uses rating: Low (2/5). Agroforestry Uses: The plant is sometimes grown to stabilize sand dunes[ 328 ]. The plant can be grown to form a hedge[ 310 ]. Other Uses: The stems and roots yield a strong fibre[ 317 , 646 ].

Cultivation details

A plant of drier to arid regions, mainly in the lowland tropics and frost-free subtropics, though it can also be found at elevations over 2,000 metres. The plant is intolerant of any frost[ 423 ]. Succeeds in full sun to light shade[ 423 ]. Succeeds in most soils but prefers a loam[ 646 ].

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Layers very easily[ 423 ]. Easily grown from stem cuttings.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

DevilÕs Backbone, Adamant Creeper, and Pirandai, Veldt Grape or Cissus quadrangularis. Other Names: Edible stemmed vine, veldt grape, devil's backbone, adamant creeper, asthisamharaka, hadjod, pirandai, Asthisanhara, Chaudhari, Chodhari, Choudhari, Hadjora, Harbhanga, Harjora, Harsankari, Hasjora, Itachovani, Kaktus manjat, Kan kaw, Kand-vel, Kandra, Karsankari, Lidzambiso, Mabope, Mafumo, Mangaroli, Mangaroli, Mhais-vel, Murunjurunju, Muvengahonye, Nalleru, Nullerootigch, Patah tulang, Pirandai, Purundei codie, Renja, Renjam Itachovani, Sam-roi-taw, San chakat, Sihlonhlwane, Suncaro, Umhlafutu, Vajravalli, Vedhari, Winged treebine.

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Found In: Africa, Angola, Arabia, Asia, Australia, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central Africa, Central African Republic, CAR, Chad, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, East Africa, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Hawaii, India, Indochina, Indonesia, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Laos, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nigeria, North Africa, Northeastern India, Pacific, Pakistan, Philippines, SE Asia, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Southern Africa, Sri Lanka, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, USA, Vietnam, West Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Anemone narcissifloraNarcissus-Flowered Anemone, Narcissus anemone10
Narcissus jonquillaJonquil10
Narcissus poeticusPoet's Narcissus01
Narcissus pseudonarcissusWild Daffodil, Daffodil02
Narcissus tazettaBunchflower Daffodil, Cream narcissus02
Parthenocissus himalayana 20
Parthenocissus quinquefoliaVirginia Creeper, Woodbine22
Parthenocissus tricuspidataBoston Ivy, Japanese Ivy, Japanese Creeper10

 

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