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Cirsium ochrocentrum - A.Gray.

Common Name Yellow Spined Thistle
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry slopes, 1500 - 3000 metres in California[71]. Sandy or rocky prairies and roadsides[274].
Range South-western N. America - California to Texas and Nebraska.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Cirsium ochrocentrum Yellow Spined Thistle


Clarence A. Rechenthin @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database
Cirsium ochrocentrum Yellow Spined Thistle
USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Vol. 3: 551.

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Cirsium ochrocentrum is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, flies, lepidoptera, beetles, self.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Oil;  Root;  Stem.
Edible Uses: Oil.

Root - cooked[61, 105, 177, 213, 257]. The root is likely to be rich in inulin, a starch that cannot be digested by humans. This starch thus passes straight through the digestive system and, in some people, ferments to produce flatulence[K]. Stem[61, 105, 177]. No further details are given, but it is probably best if peeled.

Medicinal Uses



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Contraceptive;  Diaphoretic;  Diuretic;  Hypoglycaemic;  Skin;  VD.

The entire plant is diaphoretic and diuretic[257]. It is infused overnight in cold water and the water is then drunk in the treatment of syphilis[207]. A liquid from the boiled blossoms has been used to treat burns and skin sores[213, 257]. A decoction of the root has been taken by both partners as a contraceptive[257]. It has also been taken five times a day in the treatment of diabetes[257].

Other Uses

Oil.

The seed of all species of thistles yields a good oil by expression[4]. No details of potential yields etc are given[K].

Cultivation details

We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors in many parts of this country. This spcies is a short-lived perennial, and is often biennial[274]. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. An easily grown plant, succeeding in any ordinary garden soil in a sunny position[200].

Propagation

Seed - sow early spring or autumn in situ. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 8 weeks at 20°c[164]. Division in spring or autumn.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Yellowspine thistle

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Native to the Great Plains of the Central United States and to the desert regions of the western United States and northern Mexico. Its range extends from eastern Oregon east to the Black Hills of South Dakota, south as far as the Mexican State of Durango.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

This plant can be weedy or invasive. It is a weed in California and Northwestern Mexico. Know as a noxious Weed in: Arkansas, California and Iowa, USA

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Cirsium acaulonStemless Thistle01
Cirsium amplexifoliumDakiba-Hime-Azami10
Cirsium arvenseCreeping Thistle, Canada thistle22
Cirsium brevicaule 10
Cirsium brevistylumIndian Thistle, Clustered thistle30
Cirsium buergeri 10
Cirsium chinense 10
Cirsium coreanum 10
Cirsium dipsacolepis 10
Cirsium eatoniEaton's Thistle11
Cirsium eduleEdible Thistle30
Cirsium eriophorumWooly Thistle20
Cirsium foliosumElk thistle30
Cirsium hookerianumWhite Thistle20
Cirsium japonicumNo-Azami, Japanese thistle22
Cirsium kamtschaticumKamchatka thistle10
Cirsium lepskyle 10
Cirsium lineare 10
Cirsium maackii 10
Cirsium maritimum 10
Cirsium nipponicum 11
Cirsium occidentaleCobwebby Thistle, Snowy thistle, Compact cobwebby thistle20
Cirsium oleraceumCabbage Thistle20
Cirsium oligophyllum 20
Cirsium pallidumPale Thistle11
Cirsium palustreMarsh Thistle20
Cirsium pectinellum 10
Cirsium pendulum 10
Cirsium purpuratum 10
12

 

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A.Gray.

Botanical References

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Subject : Cirsium ochrocentrum  
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