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Capsicum baccatum - L.

Common Name Locoto, Aji
Family Solanaceae
USDA hardiness 8-11
Known Hazards Although no reports have been seen for this species, many plants in this family produce toxins in their leaves. The sap of the plant can cause the skin to blister[200]. Avoid in patients taking monoamine oxidase inhibitor antidepressants and antihypertensive drugs [301].
Habitats Not known
Range S. America - Ecuador and the Andes
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (3 of 5)
Care
Half Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Capsicum baccatum Locoto,  	Aji


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Carstor
Capsicum baccatum Locoto,  	Aji
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Carstor

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Capsicum baccatum is a PERENNIAL growing to 2 m (6ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. It is in flower from August to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs).
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid and very alkaline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Capsicum cerasiflorum. Capsicum chamaecerasus. Capsicum ciliare. Capsicum conicum

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds; South Wall. By. West Wall. By.

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses: Condiment.

Fruit - raw or cooked[238]. A medium to very hot pungent flavour, it is mainly used as a flavouring in cooked foods[238]. The fruit can be dried and ground into a powder for use as a pepper-like condiment[238]. The fruit is up to 13cm long[238].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antihaemorrhoidal;  Antirheumatic;  Digestive;  Irritant;  Rubefacient;  Sialagogue.

The hot and pungent fruit is antihaemorrhoidal when taken in small amounts, antirheumatic, antiseptic, diaphoretic, digestive, irritant, rubefacient, sialagogue and tonic[7, 238]. It is taken internally in the treatment of the cold stage of fevers, debility in convalescence or old age, varicose veins, asthma and digestive problems[238]. Externally it is used in the treatment of sprains, unbroken chilblains, neuralgia, pleurisy etc[238]. The German Commission E Monographs, a therapeutic guide to herbal medicine, approve Capsicum for muscular tension, rheumatism (see [302] for critics of commission E).

Other Uses

The growing plant repels insects[20].

Cultivation details

Requires a very warm sunny position and a fertile well-drained soil. Tolerates a pH in the range 4.3 to 8.3. This species is a half-hardy perennial that can tolerate light frosts[238]. The sub-species C. baccata pendulum is hardier than the type and more likely to be successful in temperate climates[238]. It might be possible to grow it outdoors in the mildest areas of the country, especially if given the protection of a sunny wall[K]. It is usually cultivated as an annual when grown for its fruits[34, 61].

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Propagation

Seed - sow late winter to early spring in a warm greenhouse[138]. The seed usually germinates in 3 - 4 weeks at 20°c. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots of reasonably rich soil and grow them on fast. If trying them outdoors, then plant them out after the last expected frosts and give them the protection of a cloche or frame at least until they are established and growing away well.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Capsicum annuumSweet Pepper, Cayenne Pepper, Chili Pepper, Christmas Pepper, Red Pepper, Ornamental Chili Pepper43
Capsicum chinenseBonnet Pepper, Chinese capsicum34
Capsicum frutescensTabasco Pepper, Cayenne pepper34
Capsicum pubescensTree Pepper, Rocoto33

 

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Botanical References

200

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