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Banisteriopsis caapi - (Spruce ex Griseb.) C.V.Morton

Common Name Yage, Ayahuasca, Caapi
Family Malpighiaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested
Habitats Rainforest[ 254 ].
Range Northern and western S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia. Ecuador, Venezuela.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (4 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Banisteriopsis caapi Yage, Ayahuasca, Caapi


Cipó Mariri
Banisteriopsis caapi Yage, Ayahuasca, Caapi
wikimedia.org User:Vojtech_Zavadil

 

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Summary

Yage, Banisteriopsis caapi, is a large climbing shrub with woody stems up to 30 m long. It can be grown indoors but requires consistently moist soil. A hallucinogenic beverage can be obtained from Yage?s bark, leaves and twigs. The plant is emetic and purgative, and at low doses used as a mild detoxifier. It also contains an alkaloid which has a strongly stimulatory action on the nervous system.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of climber
Banisteriopsis caapi is an evergreen Climber growing to 30 m (98ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Banisteria caapi Spruce ex Griseb. Banisteria inebrians (C.V.Morton) J.F.Macbr. Banisteria quitensis

Habitats

Edible Uses

None known

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


The bark, leaves and twigs are the source of a beverage that is hallucinogenic[ 46 ]. Commonly used in the Amazonian rainforest, it is used shamanically as a tool to contact the spirits and bring healing, and is also used recreationally[ 254 , 317 , 434 ]. The shoots, roots and leaves, sometimes as an admixture with other species, are used by Indians for the preparation of a hallucinogenic beverage, used for special ceremonies or the roots and stems are chewed for this purpose[ 317 ]. The dried leaves are also smoked[ 317 ]. In addition to its use as an hallucinogenic, the plant is also emetic and purgative[ 254 ]. At low doses it is used as a mild detoxifier[ 254 ]. The plant contains an alkaloid, known variously as 'telepathin', yagein' or 'banisterine', which has a strongly stimulatory action on the nervous system[ 434 ]. The bark contains beta-carboline alkaloids, including harmine, harmaline and delta-tetrahycroharmine[ 254 ]. These alkaloids stimulate hallucinations[ 254 ].

References

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An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More

FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Other Uses: None known

Special Uses

References

Cultivation details

A plant of the moist tropics, where it is found at elevations from around sea level up to 1,000 metres. Suitable for growing indoors. Suitable for growing in containers.

References

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Propagation

Seed.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Yage, Ayahuasca, Caapi

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Coming Soon

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Author

(Spruce ex Griseb.) C.V.Morton

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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