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Zea hybrids - Various

Common Name Perennial corn, Perennial Maize
Family Poaceae
USDA hardiness 8-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Cold temperate to tropical, tropical highland climates. Humidity: semi-arid to humid.
Range Hypothetical hybrid.
Edibility Rating    (5 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (3 of 5)
Care
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Zea hybrids Perennial corn, Perennial Maize


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Zea hybrids Perennial corn, Perennial Maize
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Zea hybrids is a PERENNIAL growing to 2 m (6ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. The flowers are pollinated by Wind.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

See individual species/hybrids.

Habitats

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Oil  Pollen  Seed  Stem
Edible Uses: Oil

Carbon Farming Solutions - Staple Crop: balanced carb (The term staple crop typically refers to a food that is eaten routinely and accounts for a dominant part of people's diets in a particular region of the world) [1-1]. Maize/corn is one of the most important staple crops on the planet. The Land Institute has made substantial progress developing a perennial corn. Researchers believe it will be between 10 and 40 years before it is fully ready. Recently the US Department of Agriculture has shown interest [1-1].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


The annual Zea mays has a number of medical properties so in theory hybrids could too.

Our new book Edible Shrubs is now available.

Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil.

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Edible Shrubs Book

Other Uses

Oil

Perennial hybrids will carry some of the qualities of the original species. Zea mays for example has agroforestry uses being grown as a sole crop or in intercropping with other food crops such as common bean, cowpea, pigeon pea, groundnut, yam, cassava, sweet potato, pumpkin, melon or watermelon[299 ]. Maize grows well with early potatoes, legumes, dill, cucurbits and sunflowers[18 , 20 , 201 ], it dislikes growing with tomatoes[20 ]. Other Uses include a starch is obtained from the seed. It is used as a laundry starch and as a source material for many chemical products, including glues, cosmetics and the manufacture of glucose[13 , 61 , 299 ]. A semi-drying oil is obtained from the seed[57 ]. It has many industrial uses, in the manufacture of linoleum, paints, varnishes, soaps etc[21 , 61 , 299 ]. The corn spathes are used in the production of paper, straw hats and small articles such as little baskets[74 , 171 ]. They are often used to wrap foods, and may also be made into cloth or mats, and be used for mattress filling[299 ]. A fibre obtained from the stems and seed husks is used for making paper[189 ]. They are harvested in late summer after the seed has been harvested, they are cut into usable pieces and soaked in clear water for 24 hours. They are then cooked for 2 hours in soda ash and then beaten in a ball mill for 1½ hours in a ball mill. The fibres make a light greenish cream paper[189 ]. Be careful not to overcook the fibre otherwise it will produce a sticky pulp that is very hard to form into paper[189 ]. The dried cobs are used as a fuel and for thatching[171 , 299 ]. The pith of the stems is used as a packing material[171 ].

Special Uses

Carbon Farming

Cultivation details

Management: Standard  Staple Crop: Balanced carb  Under Development

Climate: cold temperate to tropical, tropical highlands. Humidity: semi-arid to humid. Carbon Farming Solutions - Cultivation: under development. Management: standard (Describes the non-destructive management systems that are used in cultivation) [1-1].

Carbon Farming

  • Management: Standard  Plants grow to their standard height. Harvest fruit, seeds, or other products. Non-Destructive management systems.
  • Staple Crop: Balanced carb  (0-15 percent protein, 0-15 percent oil, with at least one over 5 percent). The carbohydrates are from either starch or sugar. Annuals include maize, wheat, rice, and potato. Perennials include chestnuts, carob, perennial fruits, nuts, cereals, pseudocereals, woody pods, and acorns.
  • Under Development  Plant breeders are actively working to domesticate these plants for cultivation, but they are not yet commercially available as crops. Examples include most of the perennial cereal grains.

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Hypothetical crop

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Perennial corn, Perennial Maize, Zea hybrids

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

A hypothetical crop

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

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Author

Various

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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