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Tragopogon pratensis - L.

Common Name Goat's Beard
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness 3-7
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Meadows, pastures, dunes, waysides and waste places[17].
Range Europe, including Britain, from Scandanavia south and east to Spain, Caucasus, Siberia, Iran.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Tragopogon pratensis Goat


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Tragopogon pratensis Goat

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Tragopogon pratensis is a ANNUAL/PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from June to July, and the seeds ripen from August to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

 Meadow; Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves  Root  Stem
Edible Uses:

Root - raw or cooked[2, 9, 12, 52, 100]. The roots have a sweet flavour due to their inulin content[7]. The young roots can be eaten raw whilst older roots are best cooked like parsnips or salsify[9]. They are often blanched before use[183]. Young leaves and shoots - raw or cooked[2, 5, 12, 52, 62, 183]. They can be added to mixed salads or used in soups etc[7, 9]. The leaves are best used as they come into growth in the spring[9]. The flowering stem, including the buds, is cooked and served like asparagus[183].

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Astringent  Depurative  Diuretic  Expectorant  Stomachic

Goat's beard is considered to be a useful remedy for the liver and gallbladder[254]. It appears to have a detoxifying effect and may stimulate the appetite and digestion. Its high inulin content makes this herb a useful food for diabetics since inulin is a nutrient made of fructose rather than glucose units and therefore does not raise blood sugar levels[254]. The root is astringent, depurative, diuretic, expectorant, nutritive and stomachic[7, 21]. A syrup made from the root gives great relief in cases of obstinate coughs and bronchitis[7]. A decoction of the root is given in the treatment of heartburn, loss of appetite and disorders of the breast or liver[240]. The root is harvested in the autumn and dried for later use[7]. The fresh juice of young plants is said to be a good dissolver of bile, relieving the stomach without side effects[4].

References

Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens.

An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More

FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Cosmetic

An infusion of the petals is used to clear the skin and lighten freckles[7]. A distilled water made from the plant is used in cleansing lotions for dry skins[7].

Special Uses

References

Cultivation details

Succeeds in ordinary garden soils, including heavy clays[200]. Goat's beard was formerly cultivated as a vegetable, though it has now fallen into disuse[2, 4]. Grows well in the summer meadow[24]. The flowers open at daybreak and close before noon[4].

References

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - sow spring in situ. Make sure to water the seed in if the weather is dry.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Tragopogon coloratus Biennial0.5 -  LMHNM10 
Tragopogon crocifolius Annual/Biennial0.8 4-8  LMHNM20 
Tragopogon cupani Biennial0.8 -  LMHNM20 
Tragopogon dubiusYellow SalsifyAnnual/Perennial1.0 4-8  LMHNM300
Tragopogon gracilis Perennial0.2 -  LMHNM10 
Tragopogon hispanica Biennial0.0 -  LMHNM20 
Tragopogon porrifoliusSalsifyBiennial0.6 4-8  LMHNM32 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

17200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Isabel Coulton   Tue Jan 17 2006

Please show pictures of all the plants!

Jan Karpisek   Wed Nov 26 2008

Goat's beard by Jan Karpisek for pfaf.org

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