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Succisa pratensis - Moench.

Common Name Devil's Bit Scabious, Devilsbit
Family Dipsacaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Meadows, pastures, marshes, fens and damp woods[7, 17] on slightly acid or calcareous soils[200].
Range Europe, including Britain, south and east from Norway to N. Africa, Siberia and the Caucasus.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Succisa pratensis Devil


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Succisa pratensis Devil
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Succisa pratensis is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.4 m (1ft 4in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower from Jul to October, and the seeds ripen from Aug to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, lepidoptera.It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in saline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Scabiosa succisa.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; Meadow; Hedgerow;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves.
Edible Uses:

Young shoots - raw[7]. The tender young shoots are sometimes added to spring salads[7].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anthelmintic;  Demulcent;  Depurative;  Diaphoretic;  Diuretic;  Emmenagogue;  Expectorant;  Febrifuge;  
Stomachic.

The herb is anthelmintic, demulcent, depurative, slightly diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, mildly expectorant, febrifuge and stomachic[4, 7, 9]. It makes a useful tea for the treatment of coughs, fevers and internal inflammations and is also a popular application externally to eczema and other cutaneous eruptions[4, 7]. A tincture of the plant is a gentle but reliable treatment for bruises, aiding quick re-absorption of the blood pigment[7]. The whole herb is collected in early autumn and dried for later use[4]. Good results have been achieved by using a distilled water from the plant as an eye lotion to treat conjunctivitis[7].

Other Uses

Dye.

A green dye is obtained from the leaves[7, 115].

Cultivation details

Succeeds in ordinary garden soil[1], preferring damp conditions[24, 200], in sun or semi-shade[200]. Prefers a moist peaty soil[187]. Hardy to about -20°c[187]. Grows well in the summer meadow[24], it is an excellent bee and butterfly plant and a food plant for the caterpillars of many butterfly species[17, 24, 30].

Propagation

Seed - sow April in a cold frame. Germination is usually rapid, but the seedlings are prone to damp off so make sure they are well ventilated[1]. Prick them out into individual pots once they are large enough to handle and plant them out in the summer. Division in spring. Plant them straight out into their permanent positions.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants

 

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Expert comment

Author

Moench.

Botanical References

17200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Richard T Gill   Mon Oct 4 18:00:43 2004

this site was very helpful, thank you rich, england

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Subject : Succisa pratensis  
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