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Scrophularia marilandica - L.

Common Name Carpenter's Square
Family Scrophulariaceae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Rich woods and thickets[43].
Range Eastern N. America from Quebec to Alabama.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Scrophularia marilandica Carpenter


William S. Justice @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database
Scrophularia marilandica Carpenter
USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Scrophularia marilandica is a PERENNIAL growing to 3 m (9ft 10in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. It is in flower from August to September, and the seeds ripen in September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Alterative;  Appetizer;  Cancer;  Diaphoretic;  Diuretic;  Emmenagogue;  Tonic;  Vermifuge;  
Vulnerary.

Alterative, appetizer, diaphoretic, vermifuge and vulnerary[61, 218]. A tea made from the roots is diuretic, emmenagogue and tonic[222, 257]. It has been used in the treatment of irregular menses, fevers and piles[222]. A poultice made from the roots is a folk remedy for cancer[222]. Carpenter's square is said to have similar properties to the knotted figwort, S. nodosa. These properties are:- Knotted figwort is a plant that supports detoxification of the body and it may be used as a treatment for various kinds of skin disorders[254]. The whole plant is alterative, anodyne, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, mildly purgative and stimulant[4, 9, 21, 165]. It is harvested as the plant comes into flower in the summer and can be dried for later use[4]. A decoction is applied externally to sprains, swellings, burns, inflammations etc, and is said to be useful in treating chronic skin diseases, scrofulous sores and gangrene[4, 254]. The leaves can also be applied fresh or be made into an ointment[4]. Internally, the plant is used in the treatment of chronic skin diseases (such as eczema, psoriasis and pruritis), mastitis, swollen lymph nodes and poor circulation[238]. It should not be prescribed for patients with heart conditions[238]. The root is anthelmintic[9].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Succeeds in most moist soils[200].

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Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer. Division in spring. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found it best to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame, planting them out once they are well established in the summer.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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123

 

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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

43200

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Subject : Scrophularia marilandica  
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