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Rosa majalis - Herrm.

Common Name Cinnamon Rose, Double cinnamon rose
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards There is a layer of hairs around the seeds just beneath the flesh of the fruit. These hairs can cause irritation to the mouth and digestive tract if ingested.
Habitats Woods, shrubs, meadows etc, especially along river flood plains[74].
Range N. Europe to E. Asia - Siberia.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Wet Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Rosa majalis Cinnamon Rose, Double cinnamon rose


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Illustration_Rosa_majalis0.jpg
Rosa majalis Cinnamon Rose, Double cinnamon rose
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Sten

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Rosa majalis is a deciduous Shrub growing to 2.7 m (8ft 10in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist or wet soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

R. cinnamomea. L.1759 non L.1753. R. fecundissima. R. spinosissima.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Bog Garden;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers  Fruit  Seed  Stem
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[2, 105, 161]. Rich in sugars[74]. It contains up to 5.5% dry weight of vitamin C[74]. The fruit is about 15mm in diameter[200], but there is only a thin layer of flesh surrounding the many seeds[K]. Some care has to be taken when eating this fruit, see the notes above on known hazards. Petals - used in making jam[74]. The seed is a good source of vitamin E, it can be ground and mixed with flour or added to other foods as a supplement[102, 183]. Be sure to remove the seed hairs[102]. Young shoots - raw or cooked. Used in spring[161].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Cancer

The fruit of many members of this genus is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bio-active compounds. It is also a fairly good source of essential fatty acids, which is fairly unusual for a fruit. It is being investigated as a food that is capable of reducing the incidence of cancer and also as a means of halting or reversing the growth of cancers[214].

Our new book Edible Shrubs is now available.

Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil.

Read More

Edible Shrubs Book

Other Uses

Dye

An orange dye is obtained from the fruit[74].

Special Uses

Cultivation details

Succeeds in most soils[11], preferring a circumneutral soil and a sunny position[200]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Dislikes water-logged soils[200] according to one report whilst another says that it succeeds in wet habitats[11]. Grows well with alliums, parsley, mignonette and lupins[18, 20]. Garlic planted nearby can help protect the plant from disease and insect predation[18, 20]. Grows badly with boxwood[18]. Suckers freely[200]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[80]. Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[200].

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed. Rose seed often takes two years to germinate. This is because it may need a warm spell of weather after a cold spell in order to mature the embryo and reduce the seedcoat[80]. One possible way to reduce this time is to scarify the seed and then place it for 2 - 3 weeks in damp peat at a temperature of 27 - 32°c (by which time the seed should have imbibed). It is then kept at 3°c for the next 4 months by which time it should be starting to germinate[80]. Alternatively, it is possible that seed harvested 'green' (when it is fully developed but before it has dried on the plant) and sown immediately will germinate in the late winter. This method has not as yet(1988) been fully tested[80]. Seed sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame sometimes germinates in spring though it may take 18 months. Stored seed can be sown as early in the year as possible and stratified for 6 weeks at 5°c[200]. It may take 2 years to germinate[200]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Plant out in the summer if the plants are more than 25cm tall, otherwise grow on in a cold frame for the winter and plant out in late spring. Cuttings of half-ripe wood with a heel, July in a shaded frame. Overwinter the plants in the frame and plant out in late spring[78]. High percentage[78]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current seasons growth. Select pencil thick shoots in early autumn that are about 20 - 25cm long and plant them in a sheltered position outdoors or in a cold frame[78, 200]. The cuttings can take 12 months to establish but a high percentage of them normally succeed[78]. Division of suckers in the dormant season. Plant them out direct into their permanent positions. Layering. Takes 12 months[11].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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Expert comment

Author

Herrm.

Botanical References

1174200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

C. A. Powers   Fri Sep 21 20:57:06 2001

I've been trying to find out if anyone knew of the edible qualities of this plant for quite some time (cinnamon rose). I ran into a listing of goods in an Italian market in the 1300's that listed cinnamon,canel, cassia, and flowre of canel. I grew curious to find if any of these might actually refer to the cinnamon rose, since they seemed to be repeating different words for the same product, and yet describing them so differently. Your fine bit of info at least answered for me that parts of the plant ARE edible. Thanks! Do you happen to know any of the earliest primary references? -C. A. Powers

   Sun Jul 14 01:23:21 2002

It's an adaptogen, used to protect the body from stress/disease.

Nataliya Young   Wed Jul 23 2008

Where can I buy cinnamon rose fruits? Thank you, Nataliya

Dmitriy   Sat Jul 11 2009

Where can I buy cinnamon rose fruits? Thank you, Dmitriy

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