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Podocarpus macrophyllus - (Thunb.)Sweet.

Common Name Kusamaki, Yew plum pine, Buddhist Pine, Chinese Podocarpus, Chinese Yew Pine, Japanese Yew, Souther
Family Podocarpaceae
USDA hardiness 8-11
Known Hazards Superficially similar to Taxus species, but this plant is definitely not poisonous[200].
Habitats Mountains, C. and S. Japan[58]. Forests, open thickets and roadsides from near sea level to 1000 metres[266].
Range E. Asia - S. China, Japan.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Podocarpus macrophyllus Kusamaki, Yew plum pine,  Buddhist Pine, Chinese Podocarpus, Chinese Yew Pine, Japanese Yew, Souther

Podocarpus macrophyllus Kusamaki, Yew plum pine,  Buddhist Pine, Chinese Podocarpus, Chinese Yew Pine, Japanese Yew, Souther


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Bloom Color: Yellow. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Rounded.

Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Podocarpus macrophyllus is an evergreen Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 5 m (16ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. It is in leaf all year, in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen in October. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). and is pollinated by Wind. The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.



Woodland Garden Canopy; Secondary; Hedge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked in pies, cakes etc[183]. The fruit is 12 - 15mm long[200].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anthelmintic;  Tonic.

The stem bark is used in the treatment of worms (especially ringworm) and blood disorders[218]. A decoction of the fruit is tonic for the heart, kidneys, lungs and stomach[218].

Other Uses

Hedge;  Hedge;  Wood.

Plants are used for hedging in N. America[183]. The erect cultivar 'Maki' is commonly used[200]. The wood is used in making furniture, utensils, paper, and farm implements[266]..

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Border, Container, Espalier, Pest tolerant, Hedge, Screen, Standard, Superior hedge, Specimen. Prefers a rich moist non-alkaline soil[167]. Plants are hardy to about -25°c[200]. This species is slow growing in Britain with annual increases in height of up to 20cm[185]. The trees tend to grow poorly in this country, they prefer areas with hot humid summers[200]. Tolerant of trimming[200]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. This species is normally dioecious, though monoecious forms are sometimes found[227]. Male and female plants must usually be grown if seed is required. Special Features:Attracts birds, Not North American native, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.


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The seed can be sown at any time of the year in a sandy soil in a warm greenhouse, though it is probably best sown as soon as it is ripe[1]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe terminal shoots, 5 - 10cm long, July/August in a frame[78].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Nageia nagiNagi, Nagi Podocarpus, Broadleaf Podocarpus10
Podocarpus alpinusTasmanian Podocarp20
Podocarpus elatusAustralian Plum20
Podocarpus lawrencei 20
Podocarpus neriifoliusOleander Podocarp, Brown Pine22
Podocarpus nivalisAlpine Totara30
Podocarpus nubigenusChilean Podocarp20
Podocarpus salignusWillowleaf Podocarp20
Podocarpus totaraTotara30


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Subject : Podocarpus macrophyllus  
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