Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. More >>>

Follow Us:

 

Phyllostachys nigra - (Lodd. ex Lindl.)Munro.

Common Name Black Bamboo, Kuro-Chiku
Family Poaceae or Gramineae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Fertile and moist places, also by streams[147]. In open forests, on slopes or in valleys at elevations of 1100 - 1200 metres[266].
Range E. Asia - E. and C. China.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating    (3 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade
Phyllostachys nigra Black Bamboo, Kuro-Chiku


Phyllostachys nigra Black Bamboo, Kuro-Chiku

 

Translate this page:

Summary

Form: Upright or erect.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Phyllostachys nigra is an evergreen Bamboo growing to 7.5 m (24ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. It is in leaf all year. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Bambusa nigra.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Stem
Edible Uses:

Young shoots - cooked[25, 46, 105, 177]. Somewhat acrid when raw[61], they are prepared for eating by boiling in one change of water, the water being changed after 8 - 10 minutes[183]. A distinctive taste and aroma[183]. The shoots, which are about 5cm in diameter[266], are harvested in the spring when they are about 8cm above the ground, cutting them about 5cm below soil level.

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Antiemetic  Antitussive  Astringent  Depurative  Diuretic  Expectorant  Febrifuge  Sedative  
Styptic

The leaves are antipyretic and diuretic[218]. They are used internally in the treatment of fevers (especially infantile convulsions), vomiting and nosebleeds[238]. The leave are harvested during the growing season and dried for later use[238]. The juice of the stems is antipyretic, antitussive, expectorant and sedative[147, 176, 218]. It is taken internally in the treatment of lung infections with cough and phlegm[238]. The sap is pressed from young stems in the summer and then dried for later use[238]. The epidermis of the stem bark is antiemetic, depurative and sedative[147, 176, 218]. It is used internally in the treatment of vomiting, nosebleeds, coughs etc[238]. The epidermis is collected from young stems in the summer and is dried for later use[238]. The root is astringent, antipyretic, diuretic and styptic[147, 176, 218]. It has been used in the treatment of rabies[238]. The roots are harvested in the winter and dried for later use[238].

Our new book Edible Shrubs is now available.

Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil.

Read More

Edible Shrubs Book

Other Uses

Basketry  Plant support  Wood

The canes make good plant supports. Thin walled but durable, the canes are also used for cabinet work and for decorative panels and inlays[195]. The rhizome is used in making umbrella handles, wickerwork, canes, musical instruments and various kinds of handicrafts[25, 74].

Special Uses

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Container, Massing, Specimen. Requires a rich damp soil in a sheltered sunny position[200, 238] and plenty of moisture in the growing season[1]. A very hardy plant, tolerating temperatures down to at least -7°c, but it dislikes prolonged exposure to hard frosts[200]. Another report says that it is hardy to about -18°c[195]. A very ornamental plant[1]. There are many named forms of this species, some of them are given specific status by some botanists[11, 200]. These forms include 'Boryana', 'Fulva', 'Henonis' and 'Punctata'. It is the form 'Henonis' that is normally used medicinally in China[176]. Plants only flower at intervals of many years. When they do come into flower most of the plants energies are directed into producing seed and consequently the plant is severely weakened. They sometimes die after flowering, but if left alone they will usually recover though they will look very poorly for a few years. If fed with artificial NPK fertilizers at this time the plants are more likely to die[122]. This is a good companion species to grow in a woodland because the plants are shallow rooted and do not compete with deep rooted trees[195]. This species is notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. The plant has a running rootstock, though not aggressively so in the cooler climate of Britain[200]. and it produces new shoots from May[25]. Cultivated for its edible young shoots in China[61]. This species has been widely planted for ornament in the Mediterranean and is becoming established[50]. The ssp. P. nigra boryana and P. nigra henonis are also mentioned for their edible young shoots, they are both cultivated for their edible shoots which are similar in all respects to P. nigra. Dead stems can be removed at any time of the year[238]. It is also possible to thin the clumps in spring, leaving only the strongest stems and thus creating an open grove-like effect[238]. Special Features: Attractive foliage.

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

image

The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

Shop Now

Propagation

Seed - surface sow as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse at about 20°c. Do not allow the compost to dry out. Germination usually takes place fairly quickly so long as the seed is of good quality, though it can take 3 - 6 months. Grow on in a lightly shaded place in the greenhouse until large enough to plant out. Seed is rarely available. Division in spring as new growth commences. Divisions from the open ground do not transplant well, so will need careful treatment and nurturing under cover in pots until at least late spring[238]. Division is best carried out in wet weather and small divisions will establish better than large clumps[238]. Another report says that you can take large divisions from established clumps and transfer them straight to their permanent positions, misting or drenching them frequently until they are established[200]. Basal cane cuttings in spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Phyllostachys angustaStone BambooBamboo5.0 7-10 MLMHSNM30 
Phyllostachys arcanaHalf-Black BambooBamboo6.0 7-10  LMHSNM30 
Phyllostachys aureaGolden Bamboo, Fishpole BambooBamboo6.0 6-11 FLMHSM500
Phyllostachys aureosulcataYellow-Groove BambooBamboo6.0 5-9  LMHSNM40 
Phyllostachys bambusoidesMadake, Japanese timber bambooBamboo8.0 6-9  LMHSM41 
Phyllostachys bissetii Bamboo5.0 4-8  LMHSNM00 
Phyllostachys dulcisSweetshoot BambooBamboo7.0 7-10 FLMHSNM402
Phyllostachys edulisMoso-Chiku, Tortoise shell bambooBamboo8.0 6-10  LMHSM410
Phyllostachys flexuosaZig-Zag Bamboo, Drooping timber bambooBamboo6.0 5-9  LMHSM30 
Phyllostachys glauca Bamboo5.0 -  LMHFSNM30 
Phyllostachys iridescens Bamboo5.0 -  LMHFSNM30 
Phyllostachys makinoiKei-Chiku, Makino bambooBamboo6.0 7-10  LMHSNM30 
Phyllostachys meyeriMeyer BambooBamboo5.0 7-10 FLMHSNM00 
Phyllostachys nidulariaBig-Node Bamboo, Broom bambooBamboo6.0 6-9  LMHSNM50 
Phyllostachys nigra henonisHa-ChikuBamboo6.0 6-9  LMHSM43 
Phyllostachys nigra punctataKurodakeBamboo6.0 6-9  LMHSM43 
Phyllostachys nuda Bamboo5.0 7-10  LMHSNM402
Phyllostachys parvifolia Bamboo6.0 -  LMHSNM30 
Phyllostachys praecox Bamboo6.0 -  LMHFSNM30 
Phyllostachys propinqua Bamboo6.0 7-10  LMHFSNM30 
Phyllostachys purpurata Bamboo0.0 -  LMHFSNM30 
Phyllostachys rubromarginataReddish bambooBamboo8.0 7-10 FLMHSNM302
Phyllostachys sulphureaOugon-Kouchiku, Sulphur bambooBamboo6.0 6-9  LMHSNDM00 
Phyllostachys sulphurea viridisKou-ChikuBamboo4.0 6-9  LMHSNDM403
Phyllostachys viridiglaucescensGreenwax golden bambooBamboo6.0 6-9  LMHSM401
Phyllostachys vivaxGiant Timber Bamboo, Running giant bambooBamboo10.0 7-10 FLMHSM30 

 

Print Friendly and PDF

Expert comment

Author

(Lodd. ex Lindl.)Munro.

Botanical References

11200266

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

besenkar   Sat Nov 3 2007

Bambu Fidanlýðý Bambu hakkýnda bilgiler, bambooturkey

   Wed May 14 2008

I was given a bamboo that is dark brown and is being grown in a one gallon pot. new shoots are coming ang growing to approximately 4' to 5' Can they repotted this tim eof the year? Thanks Luis

QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.

2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.

3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Phyllostachys nigra  
All the information contained in these pages is Copyright (C) Plants For A Future, 1996-2012.
Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567,
Web Design & Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified (but some can). Please view the copyright link for more information.