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Phyllostachys arcana - McClure.

Common Name Half-Black Bamboo
Family Poaceae or Gramineae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Not known
Range E. Asia - China.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Phyllostachys arcana Half-Black Bamboo


Phyllostachys arcana Half-Black Bamboo

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Phyllostachys arcana is an evergreen Bamboo growing to 6 m (19ft 8in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in leaf all year. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Stem
Edible Uses:

Young shoots - cooked[195]. The shoots, which are about 3cm in diameter[266], are harvested in the spring when about 8cm above the ground, cutting them about 5cm below soil level. They are said to be of good quality[183] and have a delicious flavour[266].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

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Other Uses

Wood

The hard canes are used as handles of farm appliances or as pillars of bamboo appliances[195, 266]. They are also used for matting and making lanterns[195].

Special Uses

Cultivation details

Prefers a rich damp soil with shelter from cold harsh winds and prolonged frosts. This species is not hardy in the colder areas of the country, it tolerates temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c[200]. This is a good companion species to grow in a woodland because the plants are shallow rooted and do not compete with deep rooted trees[195]. This species is notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. Plants only flower at intervals of many years. When they do come into flower most of the plants energies are directed into producing seed and consequently the plant is severely weakened. They sometimes die after flowering, but if left alone they will usually recover though they will look very poorly for a few years. If fed with artificial NPK fertilizers at this time the plants are more likely to die[122].

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

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Propagation

Seed - surface sow as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse at about 20°c. Do not allow the compost to dry out. Germination usually takes place fairly quickly so long as the seed is of good quality, though it can take 3 - 6 months. Grow on in a lightly shaded place in the greenhouse until large enough to plant out. Seed is rarely available. Division in spring as new growth commences. Divisions from the open ground do not transplant well, so will need careful treatment and nurturing under cover in pots until at least late spring[238]. Division is best carried out in wet weather and small divisions will establish better than large clumps[238]. Another report says that you can take large divisions from established clumps and transfer them straight to their permanent positions, misting or drenching them frequently until they are established[200]. Basal cane cuttings in spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Phyllostachys angustaStone BambooBamboo5.0 7-10 MLMHSNM30 
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Phyllostachys aureosulcataYellow-Groove BambooBamboo6.0 5-9  LMHSNM40 
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Phyllostachys bissetii Bamboo5.0 4-8  LMHSNM00 
Phyllostachys dulcisSweetshoot BambooBamboo7.0 7-10 FLMHSNM402
Phyllostachys edulisMoso-Chiku, Tortoise shell bambooBamboo8.0 6-10  LMHSM410
Phyllostachys flexuosaZig-Zag Bamboo, Drooping timber bambooBamboo6.0 5-9  LMHSM30 
Phyllostachys glauca Bamboo5.0 -  LMHFSNM30 
Phyllostachys iridescens Bamboo5.0 -  LMHFSNM30 
Phyllostachys makinoiKei-Chiku, Makino bambooBamboo6.0 7-10  LMHSNM30 
Phyllostachys meyeriMeyer BambooBamboo5.0 7-10 FLMHSNM00 
Phyllostachys nidulariaBig-Node Bamboo, Broom bambooBamboo6.0 6-9  LMHSNM50 
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Phyllostachys nigra henonisHa-ChikuBamboo6.0 6-9  LMHSM43 
Phyllostachys nigra punctataKurodakeBamboo6.0 6-9  LMHSM43 
Phyllostachys nuda Bamboo5.0 7-10  LMHSNM402
Phyllostachys parvifolia Bamboo6.0 -  LMHSNM30 
Phyllostachys praecox Bamboo6.0 -  LMHFSNM30 
Phyllostachys propinqua Bamboo6.0 7-10  LMHFSNM30 
Phyllostachys purpurata Bamboo0.0 -  LMHFSNM30 
Phyllostachys rubromarginataReddish bambooBamboo8.0 7-10 FLMHSNM302
Phyllostachys sulphureaOugon-Kouchiku, Sulphur bambooBamboo6.0 6-9  LMHSNDM00 
Phyllostachys sulphurea viridisKou-ChikuBamboo4.0 6-9  LMHSNDM403
Phyllostachys viridiglaucescensGreenwax golden bambooBamboo6.0 6-9  LMHSM401
Phyllostachys vivaxGiant Timber Bamboo, Running giant bambooBamboo10.0 7-10 FLMHSM30 

 

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Expert comment

Author

McClure.

Botanical References

266

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Dave   Fri Jun 10 04:20:27 2005

This species is much more cold tolerant than your description indicates: the American Bamboo Society indicates hardiness to -18 C, and I have a substantial clump that has weathered -14 C with no problems.

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