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Passiflora quadrangularis - L.

Common Name Giant Granadilla, Badea
Family Passifloraceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards The raw root is a potent narcotic and poisonous[262 , 348 ]. The noxious effects of the poison can be counteracted by a decoction of Petiveria alliacea, Cassia sp,, Andropogon sp., and 'bois-trompette'[348 ]. (Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested)
Habitats Flood plains in the rainforests[416 ].
Range Original range unknown, it is widespread in the Tropics.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Passiflora quadrangularis Giant Granadilla, Badea

Passiflora quadrangularis Giant Granadilla, Badea


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Passiflora quadrangularis or commonly known as Giant Granadilla is a fast-growing tropical vine with fleshy tubers. It can be up to 15m long. The tendrils are pale green, coiled in a spiral, and not branched. The leaves are large and green or purple. The flowers are scented, occur singly, white and purple, and characterized with red dots. The fruits are greenish yellow and comprised with black seeds. It is the largest fruit in the Passiflora genus. Medicinally, the root and leaves are used as a soothing poultice for the treatment of liver problems. The fruit, on the other hand, is used in the treatment of headaches, asthma, diarrhea, dysentery, neurasthenia, and insomnia. The fruit is edible, often eaten raw when ripe, cooked, or made into drinks. Immature fruits are used as a vegetable. Roots of old plants are baked or roasted. Other common names include barbadine, grenadene, giant tumbo, and badea.

Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of climber
Passiflora quadrangularis is an evergreen Climber growing to 15 m (49ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a fast rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 10. The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid and neutral soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


Passiflora grandiflora Salisb. Passiflora macrocarpa Mast. Passiflora sulcata Jacq. Passiflora tetra

Plant Habitats

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit  Root
Edible Uses: Drink  Sweetener

Fruit - raw, cooked or used to make drinks[301 ]. Sweetly acid[262 ]. Very palatable[46 ]. The largest fruit of the genus, it is up to 30cm long and has a mild, melon-like flavour[296 , 301 ]. The immature fruit is used as a vegetable - it can be steamed or boiled or added to soups[301 ]. The thick rind of the fruit is cooked in various ways and used as a vegetable[262 ]. The fruit is often used to made juices[317 ]. The roots of old plants are baked or roasted and eaten like yams (Dioscorea spp)[262 , 301 ]. Some caution is advised, since the raw root is narcotic and poisonous[262 ].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Anthelmintic  Antiasthmatic  Antidiarrhoeal  Antiscorbutic  Diuretic  Dysentery  Emetic  Narcotic  
Poultice  Sedative  Stomachic  Vermifuge

The root is diuretic, emetic, narcotic and vermifuge[262 ]. It contains passiflorine, an anthelmintic that also causes lethargy[262 ]. When powdered and mixed with oil, the root is used externally as a soothing poultice[262 ]. The leaves are powdered and mixed with oil then used externally as a soothing poultice[262 ]. They are also used in this form to treat liver complaints[262 ]. The fruit is antiscorbutic and stomachic[262 ]. The rind of the fruit is sedative[262 ]. It is used in the treatment of headaches, asthma, diarrhoea, dysentery, neurasthenia and insomnia[262 ].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

Other Uses None known

Special Uses

Food Forest

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Succeeds in the hot, wet, lowlands to moderate elevations in tropical to subtropical climates[262 , 335 ]. Plants require a temperature no lower than around 16°c when they are flowering in order to ensure fruit set[200 ]. They can be damaged if temperatures fall much below 10°c[262 ]. Requires a humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil and a position in dappled shade where it can grow up towards the sun[262 ]. Prefers a circumneutral soil, disliking very acid or very alkaline conditions[262 ]. Passiflora species tend to flower and fruit more freely when grown in soils of only moderate fertility[200 ]. Seedling plants can commence fruiting when only 1 - 2 years old, whilst cuttings have been known to fruit in their first year of growth[335 ]. Plants can flower and fruit all year round[262 ]. A self-sterile species[200 ]. Plants are very tolerant of pruning and can be cut back to ground level if required to rejuvenate the plant[202 ]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200 ]. Flowering Time: Blooms repeatedly. Bloom Color: Red Violet/Lavender White/Near White. Spacing: 24-36 in. (60-90 cm).

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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Plant Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe along with the pulp which will help break down the seed coat and speed up germination[262 ]. Stored seed should be soaked for 24 hours in warm water and germination time can be reduced if the seed is then mixed with the juice of a fresh passion fruit (of any species)[262 ]. Even so, it can take 12 months for stored seed to germinate[262 ]. Place the seed tray in a shady position, maintaining a temperature around 19 - 24c[262 ]. Prick the seedlings out into individual containers as soon as they are large enough to handle and plant out when large enough[262 ]. Cuttings of young shoots, taken at the nodes. The cuttings root best in a neutral to slightly acid compost, but 100% sharp sand also produces good results[262 ]. Cuttings of fully mature wood taken at a node. They can take 3 months, but there is usually a high percentage[3 ]. Layering. Very easy[262 ]. Air layering.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Giant Granadilla, Badea, Akar mentimun, Badea, Barbadine, Belewa, Chum bao dua, Corvejo, Dua gang tay, Erbis, Gendola, Giant granadilla, Granadilla de fresco, Granadilla grande, Granadilla real, Karora chi, Kasaflora, Manesa, Markiza, Markoesa, Marquesa, Masaflula, Mentimun, Panthao milao, Parcha, Percha granadina, Qaranidila, Sao warot, Sapthailempa, Sukhontharot, Taeng kalaa, Telur dewa, Timun belanda, Timun hatan, Tambo, Tumbo, barbadin, drap, giant granadilla|ratapuhul / tun tun, giant tumbo, granadilla, granadilla real, grenadine, kabuna, königs-grenadille, maracujá-açú, maracujá-mamão, maracujá-melão, maracujá-uaçu, riesen-grenadille, true granadilla, wahamtari.

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Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Africa, Amazon, Asia, Australia, Bolivia*, Brazil*, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central Africa, Central America, Colombia*, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, East Africa, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Ghana, Guiana, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, India, Indochina, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Northeastern India, Pacific, Papua New Guinea, PNG, Peru*, Philippines, SE Asia, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, South America, Suriname, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Uganda, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Africa, West Indies, Zimbabwe,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

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Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


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Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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