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Passiflora ligularis - Juss.

Common Name Sweet Grenadilla, Passion Flower
Family Passifloraceae
USDA hardiness 9-12
Known Hazards Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested
Habitats Found at elevations from 1,000 - 3,000 metres[262 ].
Range Western and Northern S. America - Peru and Bolivia north through Central America to Mexico.
Edibility Rating    (5 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Tender Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Passiflora ligularis Sweet Grenadilla, Passion Flower


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Passiflora ligularis Sweet Grenadilla, Passion Flower
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Summary

Growing about 5-26m long, Passiflora ligularis or commonly known as Sweet Granadilla is a fast-growing climbing vine that is woody at the base. It can be found in western and northern parts of South America. The leaves are heart-shaped and up to 20cm long. The flowers are pale green and large. The sweet, ovoid, and orange-yellow fruits are eaten raw or made into drinks. Plant can be propagated through cuttings or grown from seeds.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of climber
Passiflora ligularis is an evergreen Climber growing to 5 m (16ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10.
Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Passiflora serratistipula DC.

Habitats

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or made into drinks[301 ]. A pleasant, sweet flavour[46 ]. The orange-yellow fruit contains a soft, translucent, perfumed pulp of a very agreeable taste[301 ]. Claimed by many to be the best tasting of the passionfruits[200 , 301 ]. The ovoid fruit is about 8cm x 5cm[200 ].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

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Other Uses

Other Uses None known

Special Uses

Cultivation details

It is said that this species is unsuitable for cultivation in the lowland tropics[262 ]. It is usually grown at elevations between 800 - 3,000 metres in the tropics and down to sea level in the subtropics[262 , 418 ]. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 22 - 26°c, but can tolerate 16 - 31°c[418 ]. When dormant, the plant can survive temperatures down to about -1?c, but young growth can be severely damaged at 0°c[418 ]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 1,000 - 1,200mm, but tolerates 650 - 1,800mm[418 ]. Requires a humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil and a position in dappled shade[262 ]. Passiflora species tend to flower and fruit more freely when grown in soils of only moderate fertility[200 ]. Prefers a circumneutral soil, disliking very acid or very alkaline conditions[262 ]. Prefers a pH in the range 6 - 7, tolerating 5.1 - 7.5[418 ]. Plants produce tendrils and climb by attaching these to other plants. Plants are very tolerant of pruning and can be cut back to ground level if required to rejuvenate the plant[202 ]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200 ]. Flowering Time: Mid Spring Late Spring/Early Summer Mid Summer Late Summer/Early Fall Mid Fall. Bloom Color: Pale Pink Pale Yellow White/Near White. Spacing: 36-48 in. (90-120 cm).

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe along with the pulp which will help break down the seed coat and speed up germination[262 ]. Fresh seed germinates in 10 - 20 days[262 ]. Stored seed should be soaked for 24 hours in warm water and germination time can be reduced if the seed is then mixed with the juice of a fresh passion fruit (of any species)[262 ]. Even so, it can take 12 months for stored seed to germinate[262 ]. Place the seed tray in a shady position, maintaining a temperature around 19 - 24°c[262 ]. Prick the seedlings out into individual containers as soon as they are large enough to handle and plant out when large enough[262 ]. Cuttings of young shoots, taken at the nodes. The cuttings root best in a neutral to slightly acid compost, but 100% sharp sand also produces good results[262 ]. Cuttings of fully mature wood taken at a node. They can take 3 months, but there is usually a high percentage[3 ]. Layering. Very easy[262 ]. Air layering.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Sweet Grenadilla, Passion Flower, Passionflower, Passionvine, Passion Vine, Granadilla comun, Granaditta, Maracuya, Parchita amarilla, Sweet lilikoi, Yellow passionfruit,

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Africa, Asia, Australia, Bolivia, Central America*, Colombia, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, East Africa, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Hawaii, Honduras, Indonesia, Jamaica, Malawi, Mexico, New Zealand, North America, Pacific, Panama, Papua New Guinea, PNG, Peru, Philippines, SE Asia, South America, USA, Venezuela, Zimbabwe,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Passiflora actiniaPassion FlowerClimber10.0 8-11 FLMHNM30 
Passiflora antioquiensisBanana PassionfruitClimber5.0 10-12 FLMHSNM400
Passiflora caeruleaPassion Flower, Bluecrown passionflower, Blue Passion FlowerClimber10.0 9-11 FLMHNM30 
Passiflora edulisPassion Flower, Purple granadillaClimber9.0 9-12 FLMHNM411
Passiflora herbertiana Climber9.0 -  LMHSNM20 
Passiflora incarnataMaypops - Passion Flower, Purple passionflower, Apricot Vine, Maypop, Wild Passion Flower, Purple PaClimber6.0 7-11 FLMHNM330
Passiflora laurifoliaYellow GranadillaClimber15.0 10-12 FMHSNM422
Passiflora membranaceaPassion FlowerClimber5.0 8-11 FLMHNM30 
Passiflora mollisimaBanana Passion FruitClimber5.0 5-9 FLMHNM30 
Passiflora popenoviiGranadilla de QuijosClimber8.0 10-12 FMHSNM400
Passiflora quadrangularisGiant Granadilla, BadeaClimber15.0 10-12 FMHSNM420
Passiflora speciesPassion FlowerClimber5.0 - FLMHNM30 
Passiflora tarminianabanana passionfruit, banana pokaClimber10.0 10-12 FMHSNM400
Passiflora tetrandra Climber9.0 -  LMHSNM10 
Passiflora tripartita mollissimaBanana PassionfruitClimber5.0 10-12 FMHSNM400
Passiflora umbilicataPassion FlowerClimber5.0 8-11 FLMHNM20 
Passiflora x colvilliiPassion FlowerClimber10.0 6-9 FLMHNM20 
Passiflora x exoniensisPassion FlowerClimber5.0 9-11 FLMHNM30 

 

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Juss.

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A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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