Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. More >>>

Follow Us:

 

Paeonia brownii - Douglas.

Common Name Brown's Peony
Family Paeoniaceae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Sagebrush desert and ponderosa pine forest at altitudes of 900 - 1800 metres[60].
Range Western N. America - California to Nevada and Washington.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Paeonia brownii Brown


www.nps.gov
Paeonia brownii Brown
plants.usda.gov

 

Translate this page:

Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Paeonia brownii is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. It is in flower from June to July. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Root
Edible Uses:

Root. A liquorice flavour[105, 161].

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Antitussive  Cardiac  Febrifuge  Laxative  Pectoral  Poultice  TB

The root is cardiac, febrifuge, laxative and pectoral[257]. A decoction has been used by some native North American Indian tribes in the treatment of pneumonia, tuberculosis, VD, nausea, indigestion, coughs, diarrhoea and kidney troubles[207, 257]. A decoction of the sun-dried roots has been used to help people put on weight[257]. A decoction of the root has been used as a liniment on swellings[257]. An infusion of the root has been used as a wash for sore eyes[257]. A powder of the dried and ground root can be used as a dressing on cuts, wounds, burns and sores[257]. A poultice of the crushed roots has been used to treat boils, deep cuts and wounds[257]. A cold infusion of the seeds has been used as a cough medicine[257]. A tea made from the dried crushed petals of various peony species has been used as a cough remedy, and as a treatment for haemorrhoids and varicose veins[250].

References

Our new book Edible Shrubs is now available.

Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil.

Read More

Edible Shrubs Book

Other Uses

Beads

The seeds can be used as beads in necklaces etc[257].

Special Uses

References

Cultivation details

Requires a deep rich soil, preferably neutral or slightly alkaline[1], doing quite well in sun or light shade[1, 200]. Plants are tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions, but will not survive if the soil becomes waterlogged or is too dry[250]. This species requires an extremely well-drained soil[250]. This species is lime tolerant[200]. Plants grown on sandy soils tend to produce more leaves and less flowers, whilst those growing on clay take longer to become established but produce better blooms[250]. A very cold-hardy plant, tolerating temperatures down to about -30°c[250]. A long-lived plant, specimens can survive in the garden for at least 50 years[200]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer or rabbits[233]. A very greedy plant inhibiting the growth of nearby plants, especially legumes[54]. Strongly resents root disturbance, taking some time to recover after being divided[1]. Peony species are usually self-fertile, though they will also hybridise with other species if these flower nearby at the same time[250]. Plants take 4 - 5 years to flower from seed[200]. They generally breed true from seed[1].

References

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

image

The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

Shop Now

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[250]. When sown fresh, the seed produces a root about 6 weeks after sowing with shoots formed in the spring[200]. Stored seed is much slower, it should be sown as soon as possible in a cold frame but may take 18 months or more to germinate[200]. The roots are very sensitive to disturbance, so many growers allow the seedlings to remain in their pots for 2 growing seasons before potting them up. This allows a better root system to develop that is more resilient to disturbance[250]. If following this practice, make sure you sow the seed thinly, and give regular liquid feeds in the growing season to ensure the plants are well fed. We usually prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle, and then grow them on in a cold frame for at least two growing seasons before planting them out when they are in growth in the spring[K]. Division with great care in spring or autumn. Each portion must have a leaf bud. If the lifted root is stood in shade for several hours it becomes less brittle and easier to divide[200]. Divisions that have several buds will usually flower in the second year, but those that only have one or two buds will take a number of years before they have grown sufficiently to flower[250].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Paeonia anomalaAnomalous peony, Common PeonyPerennial0.5 4-8  LMHSNM130
Paeonia caucasica Perennial0.6 4-8  LMHSNM01 
Paeonia delavayiTree Peony, Dian mu danShrub1.6 5-9  LMHSNM13 
Paeonia emodi Perennial1.0 7-10  LMHSNM12 
Paeonia hybrida Perennial0.5 -  LMHSNM11 
Paeonia japonicaYama-ShakuyakuPerennial0.5 6-9  LMHSNM11 
Paeonia lactifloraChinese Peony, PeonyPerennial0.8 4-10 MLMHSNDM13 
Paeonia luteaTree Peony, Dian mu danShrub1.5 6-9  LMHSNM13 
Paeonia mascula Perennial1.0 7-10  LMHSNDM01 
Paeonia obovata Perennial0.5 6-9  LMHSNM03 
Paeonia officinalisPeony, Common peonyPerennial0.6 4-10 MLMHSNM12 
Paeonia ostiiTree PeonyShrub1.5 6-9  LMHSNM12 
Paeonia potaniniiTree PeonyShrub0.6 6-9  LMHSNM12 
Paeonia suffruticosaMoutan, Moutan peony, Tree Peony, Japanese Tree PeonyShrub2.0 5-8 SLMHSNM12 
Paeonia szechuanicaTree PeonyShrub1.5 6-9  LMHSNM12 
Paeonia veitchii Perennial0.8 7-10  LMHSNM03 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

Print Friendly and PDF

Expert comment

Author

Douglas.

Botanical References

60200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.

2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.

3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Paeonia brownii  
© 2010, Plants For A Future. Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified (but some can). Please view the copyright link for more information.
Web Design & Management