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Mangifera kemanga - Blume

Common Name Kemang
Family Anacardiaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards Unlike the related Mangifera caesia, the sap of this species does not cause skin irritations or blisters[894 ].
Habitats Rather rare in forests, being found more frequently in periodically inundated areas and marshes[303 ].
Range Southeast Asia - Indonesia.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Tender Moist Soil Full sun
Mangifera kemanga Kemang
Mangifera kemanga Kemang
W.A. Djatmiko


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Mangifera kemanga or Kemang is a tropical, large tree native to Southeast Asia. It is deciduous and with a dome-shaped canopy. It reaches a height of 30 m upon maturity. The leaves have very short stalks. The yellowish-brown, pear-shaped fruit is fibrous and juicy, and has a strong flavor. Young leaves are consumed raw or cooked. The seed can be grated and used in dishes.

Physical Characteristics

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Mangifera kemanga is a deciduous Tree growing to 30 m (98ft) by 30 m (98ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. The flowers are pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map



Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit  Leaves  Seed
Edible Uses:

Fruit. The very juicy, very fibrous, copious white pulp has a strong flavour that some find agreeable and others offensive[894 ]. Kemang fruit is eaten fresh when ripe, or used for home-made juice. It is used unripe to make 'rujak', a dish of sliced green fruit covered with a spicy sauce. A drink make from the juice with sugar, ice and a pinch of coffee powder is highly esteemed[894 ]. The yellowish-brown fruit is pear-shaped, containing a single, large seed[894 ]. Young leaves - raw or cooked. They are commonly eaten in 'lalab', a dish of fresh leafy vegetables to accompany rice[303 , 894 ]. Occasionally a dish is made from fresh, grated seeds, with fermented soya beans and spices[303 ]. The grated seed has been used to prepare the sambal kemang, with the addition of chili and salt[894 ].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known

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Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

A plant of the wet, tropical lowlands, where it is usually found at elevations below 400 metres, but rarely up to 800 metres[303 ]. It requires a rainfall which is evenly distributed through the year[303 ]. The plant stands inundation well and is commonly cultivated on periodically inundated riverbanks in East Kalimantan[303 ]. Mature trees require much space, 12 - 16 metres each way being typical[303 ]. Natural hybrids between Mangifera kemanga and Mangifera caesia, showing intermediate characteristics, are found in orchards in East Kalimantan[303 ].

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Seed - It is propagated from seed, an indication that the agronomy of the crops has received little attention. Presumably grafting on seedling stock would be possible, in particular through inarching potted, decapitated rootstocks into twigs of mother trees. Grafting on Mangifera indica L. has been attempted without success, probably because this species is not closely related[303 ].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Kemang, Palong,

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia, SE Asia,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

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Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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