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Leptadenia hastata - (Pers.) Decne.

Common Name Akamongot, Anvara
Family Apocynaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry savannah in semi-arid areas[332 ].
Range Tropical Africa - Senegal to Ethiopia, Uganda and Kenya.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (3 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Leptadenia hastata Akamongot, Anvara

Marco Schmidt; African plants
Leptadenia hastata Akamongot, Anvara
Rainer Wendt; African plants


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Found in tropical Africa particularly in Senegal to Ethiopia, Uganda, and Kenya, Leptadenia hastata is a climbing shrub producing many soft stems that become woody at the base. It thrives well under harsh and dry, and poor soil conditions. Established plants are tolerant to drought. The leaves are alternate and taper towards the tip. The stems are light green and young shoots curve upwards. The flowers are greenish-yellow. The fruits are cone-shaped which release cottony winged seeds as they split open. Young leaves, young shoots, and flowers are cooked and added to soups. Young shoot tips are sometimes eaten raw. The plant further has medicinal uses. It contains a milky sap that has a wide variety of uses for treating different conditions. The fruits are dried and used as a tinder.

Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Leptadenia hastata is an evergreen Perennial Climber growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in) at a medium rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 10.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid and neutral soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


Cynanchum hastatum Pers. Cynanchum lanceolatum Poir. Cynanchum lancifolium Schumach. Cynanchum scabr

Plant Habitats

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers  Leaves  Shoots
Edible Uses:

Young leaves and young shoots - cooked and added to soups. The young shoot-tips are sometimes eaten raw[332 ]. The chopped and boiled leaves are mixed with beans, pigeon peas or cowpeas[299 ]. The leaves of plants grown at Dakar have been analysed as containing: carbohydrates 46%, protein 18%, ash 14%, oil 6% by weight. Calcium was present at 2.06%, potassium 1.74%, with magnesium, sodium, phosphorous and numerous minor elements, the principal one being iron, and amino-acids[332 ]. Flowers - cooked and added to soups[332 ]. In a survey on the preference for 14 wild herbaceous vegetables that was held in Burkina Faso in 1999, this species ranked 3rd; its taste was considered good, and its tolerance of drought, insects and poor soil conditions as very good[299 ].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Antidiarrhoeal  Antihaemorrhoidal  Antiinflammatory  Diuretic  Laxative  Leprosy  Ophthalmic  Stomachic

The plant contains a milky sap and this has lead, by allusion, to it being used in the treatment of a wide range of ailments symptomized by discharges, or a lack of them[332 ]. The plant is very strongly diuretic and generally strongly stimulates the flow of urine[332 ]. In it also often used with a range of other plants to treat various conditions, including treating suckling babies who have green diarrhoea; for all vein troubles such as varicose veins, bleeding and painful haemorrhoids; poisonings; anuria; syphilis; leprosy; trypanosomiasis, etc. In short, it is used as a general panacea[332 ]. Combined with the root of Smilax spp., it is used to treat for tertiary syphilis[332 ]. The latex contains the triterpene lupeol and derivatives of it, which possess anti-inflammatory activity[299 ]. The sap, or the whole leaf-petiole rolled up into a spill, is put in the nose as a treatment for head-colds and head pains. The latex is put on wounds[332 ]. The sap, or the root in decoction, is used for treating ophthalmia[332 ]. A root macerate is taken to treat anuria or constipation[332 ].The powdered roots in water are taken as a stomachic[332 ]. A macerate or decoction of the whole plant is used to treat urethral discharge, abdominal complaints[332 ]. A macerate or decoction of the leaves is used to remedy a lack of breast-milk, impotence, gonorrhoea and stomach-ache in children[332 ].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

Fibre  Tinder

Other Uses A fibre, without recorded use, can be obtained from the stem[332 ]. The dried fruits are used as a tinder[332 ].

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

A plant of semi-arid areas in the tropics. Succeeds in poor soil conditions[299 ]. Established plants are drought tolerant[299 ].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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Plant Propagation

Seed -

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Akamongot, Anvara, Akamongot, Anvara, Be-thacare, Bissacra, Cheila, Chesakisyon, Cibode, Kayilla, Lelogo, M'bafecabuduco, Meta, Metsa, Moroh, Ndedeweck, N'rocde, Njera, Safaro, Safarodje, Sapate, Xeyla, Ya'diya, akamongot, anvara, chesakisyon, ekamong'o, lélogo, moroh.

Africa, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central Africa, Chad, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, East Africa, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinée, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, North Africa, Senegal, Southern Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, West Africa,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


Expert comment


(Pers.) Decne.

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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Subject : Leptadenia hastata  
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