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Epilobium latifolium - L.

Common Name River Beauty
Family Onagraceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats River gravels, margins of streams and damp slopes[43].
Range N. Europe to Northern N. America.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Epilobium latifolium River Beauty


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Slaunger
Epilobium latifolium River Beauty
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Slaunger

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Epilobium latifolium is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.4 m (1ft 4in) by 0.4 m (1ft 4in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower in July, and the seeds ripen in August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Chamaenerion latifolium. (L.)T.Fries.&Lance.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers  Leaves  Stem
Edible Uses: Tea

Young shoots - cooked. Used like asparagus[85, 105, 172]. Very poor quality[2]. Young leaves - raw[172, 183]. They become bitter with age[85]. A good source of vitamins A and C[257]. Flower stalks - raw or cooked. Eaten when the flowers are in bud[85]. The dried leaves are used as a tea substitute[85, 177, 183]. The core of mature stems is eaten raw. Slightly sweet, tender and pleasant tasting[85, 172]. Very fiddly though[85].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Analgesic  Antidote  Antiinflammatory  Antipruritic  Antirheumatic  Febrifuge

The entire plant is used in Tibetan medicine, it is said to have a bitter taste and a cooling potency[241]. Analgesic, antidote, anti-inflammatory, antipruritic, antirheumatic and febrifuge, it is used in the treatment of fevers and inflammations, plus also itching pimples[241].

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Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

Food Forest

Cultivation details

Prefers a well-drained but moisture retentive soil in a sunny position[200]. Succeeds in most soils[1]. The roots are somewhat spreading and the plant can become invasive[233]. The plant is heat tolerant in zones 7 through 3. (Plant Hardiness Zones show how well plants withstand cold winter temperatures. Plant Heat Zones show when plants would start suffering from the heat. The Plant Heat Zone map is based on the number of "heat days" experienced in a given area where the temperature climbs to over 86 degrees F (30°C). At this temperature, many plants begin to suffer physiological damage. Heat Zones range from 1 (no heat days) to 12 (210 or more heat days). For example Heat Zone. 11-1 indicates that the plant is heat tolerant in zones 11 through 1.) For polyculture design as well as the above-ground architecture (form - tree, shrub etc. and size shown above) information on the habit and root pattern is also useful and given here if available. The plant growth habit is a runner spreading indefinitely by rhizomes or stolons [1-2]. The root pattern is fibrous dividing into a large number of fine roots [1-2].

Temperature Converter

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - sow early spring in situ or as soon as the seed is ripe. Division in spring or autumn. Very easy, larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Epilobium angustifoliumWillow HerbPerennial2.0 3-7 FLMHSNDM322
Epilobium coloratumPurpleleaf willowherbPerennial0.8 0-0  LMHSNM10 
Epilobium glabellum Perennial0.2 7-10  LMHSNM11 
Epilobium hirsutumCodlins And CreamPerennial2.0 0-0  LMHNM210
Epilobium macranthum  0.0 -  LMHSNM11 
Epilobium palustreMarsh Willow HerbPerennial0.4 -  LMHSNM10 
Epilobium parviflorumCodlins And Cream, Smallflower hairy willowherbPerennial0.6 0-0  LMHNMWe20 
Epilobium pyrricholophum Perennial0.8 -  LMHSNM10 
Epilobium tetragonumSquare-Stemmed Willow HerbPerennial0.6 -  LMHSNM10 

 

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Author

L.

Botanical References

43200

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