We have recently published ‘Food Forest Plants for Hotter Conditions’: i.e. tropical and sub-tropical regions. We rely on regular donations to keep our free database going and help fund development of this and another book we are planning on food forest plants for Mediterranean climates. Please give what you can to keep PFAF properly funded. More >>>

Follow Us:


Eclipta prostrata - L.

Common Name Han Lian Cao, False daisy
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Wet places in the lowlands of Japan, especially by paddy fields[58].
Range Widely spread through the tropics and warm temperate zones, possibly originally native the temperate and tropical America.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating    (3 of 5)
Care (info)
Half Hardy Moist Soil Wet Soil Semi-shade
Eclipta prostrata Han Lian Cao, False daisy

Eclipta prostrata Han Lian Cao, False daisy


Translate this page:


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Eclipta prostrata is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in).
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 9. It is in flower in August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs).
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist or wet soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


E. alba. (L.)Hassk.

Plant Habitats

 Bog Garden; Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves  Shoots
Edible Uses:

Tender leaves and young shoots - cooked and used as a vegetable[105, 177, 179, 254, 272].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Antidote  Antiseptic  Astringent  Depurative  Eczema  Emetic  Febrifuge  Odontalgic  
Ophthalmic  Purgative  Skin  Stings  Styptic  Tonic

This species is widely used in traditional Chinese herbal medicine, and in Ayurveda[238]. It is considered to be the best remedy for the hair and is also used as a rejuvenative and liver tonic[238, 254]. The whole plant contains the alkaloids nicotine and ecliptine as well as coumarin[283]. It is astringent, deobstruent, depurative, emetic, febrifuge, ophthalmic, purgative, styptic and tonic[147, 176, 178]. It is used internally in the treatment of dropsy and liver complaints[152], anaemia, diphtheria etc[238], tinnitus, tooth loss and premature greying of the hair[176]. Externally, it is used as an oil to treat hair loss and is also applied to athlete's foot, eczema, dermatitis, wounds etc[238, 254]. The plant juice, mixed with an aromatic (essential oil?), is used in the treatment of catarrhal problems and jaundice[243]. The leaves are used in the treatment of scorpion stings[243]. They are used as an antidote for snake bites in Korea[279]. The plant is harvested as it comes into flower and is dried for later use[238]. The roots are emetic and purgative[240]. They are applied externally as an antiseptic to ulcers and wounds, especially in cattle[240].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

The Bookshop: Edible Plant Books

Our Latest books on Perennial Plants For Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens in paperback or digital formats.

Food Forest Plants for Hotter Conditions: 250+ Plants For Tropical Food Forests & Permaculture Gardens.
Edible Tropical Plants

Food Forest Plants for Hotter Conditions: 250+ Plants For Tropical Food Forests & Permaculture Gardens.

Plants for Your Food Forest: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests & Permaculture Gardens.
Edible Temperate Plants

Plants for Your Food Forest: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests & Permaculture Gardens.

PFAF have eight books available in paperback and digital media.
More Books

PFAF have eight books available in paperback and digital formats. Browse the shop for more information.

Shop Now

Other Uses

Dye  Essential  Hair

A black dye is obtained from the plant[238]. It is used as a hair dye and for tattooing[238].

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Requires a damp to wet soil and a position in some shade[238]. This is a tropical species and it might need more summer heat and a longer growing season than is normally available in British summers[K].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:



The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees,Edible Shrubs, Woodland Gardening, and Temperate Food Forest Plants. Our new book is Food Forest Plants For Hotter Conditions (Tropical and Sub-Tropical).

Shop Now

Plant Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse and only just cover the seed. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out into their permanent positions in early summer, after the last expected frosts. Give the plants some extra protection, such as a cloche, until they are established and growing away well.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Aali jhar, Bhagra, Bhangrii, Bhringraj, Ekaraja, Goman, Grobidia, Huangjiu, Ink plant, Kaiyunni, Kameng, Karisalankanni, Keharaj, Kesut, Kpawu, Nhanvua, Ntum, Tandala, Urang-aring, White twin-heads, agrião, agrião-do-brejo, antacha, antali, bhangara, bhangarail, bhangaraiya, bhangariya, bhangaro, bhangeri, bhangra, bhangro, bheemraja, bhiringe, bhiriyo, bhri-ga, bhringaraj, bhringaraja, bhringiraj, bhringiraja, bhrngaraja, bh??ga, bh??gaja, bh??garaja (whole plant), chari jbar, daisy, false, dye-weed, dyer's weed, eclipta, eclipta prostrata whole plant, eclipta white, ecliptae herba, erva-de-botão, false daisy, garajalu, garujalu, gharauriya, guntagalagara, guntakalagara, gurugada, gurugada soppu, hanryeoncho, herba ecliptae, hierba de tajo, kal jira, karisalai, karisalamkanni, karisalanganni, kayyonni, kesari, keshavardhana, kesuriya, kesaraja, knnunni, kodigaraju, li chang, lug-chhung, maka, mo han lian, mohanlian, mòhànlián, markava, naparo cimarron, nash jhar, nhangra, perpétua-do-mato, soppu, suweid, takasaburoo, tekaraja, vitknapp, white eclipta, white twinheads, yerba de tajo, yerbadetajo herb, éclipte blanche.

Native Plant Search

Search over 900 plants ideal for food forests and permaculture gardens. Filter to search native plants to your area. The plants selected are the plants in our book 'Plants For Your Food Forest: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens, as well as plants chosen for our forthcoming related books for Tropical/Hot Wet Climates and Mediterranean/Hot Dry Climates. Native Plant Search

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Africa, Asia, Australia, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Burma, China, Central Africa, Central America*, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Dominican Republic, East Africa, East Timor, Europe, Fiji, France, Gabon, Ghana, Guiana, Guinea, Guinée, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, India, Indochina, Indonesia, Ivory Coast, Japan, Kenya, Laos, Lesser Antilles, Malaysia, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nigeria, Northeastern India, Pacific, Papua New Guinea, PNG, Philippines, Puerto Rico, SE Asia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, South Africa, Southern Africa, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Timor-Leste, Thailand, Tibet, Venezuela, West Africa, West Indies, Zambia,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Never been reported as a serious weed but it is troublesome in several crops. a weed of bananas in Taiwan and the USA (Hawaii); of barley in Bangladesh; cotton in India, Thailand and the USA (Arkansas); flax in Taiwan; groundnut in Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, USA (Oklahoma, Virginia) and Vietnam; lawns in the USA (Hawaii); maize in Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Taiwan, Thailand, Philippines and Vietnam; onion in the Philippines; pastures in Western Samoa; pawpaws in the USA (Hawaii); sisal in Angola; sorghum in Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam; soyabeans in India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam; sugarcane in Angola, India, Indonesia, Peru, Taiwan, Trinidad and the USA (Hawaii); tobacco in Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam; tomatoes in the USA (Florida); and vegetables in Indonesia, Philippines and the USA [1d].

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Status: Data Deficient

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


Expert comment



Botanical References


Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

Readers comment

kamalkumar   Sat Jun 7 2008

where could i get the seeds or plants of eclipta prosrata blue


Simanta Kumar Kalita   Mon Nov 17 2008

What is the present market price per kilo of dried Eclipta ealba?

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at [email protected]. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Eclipta prostrata  
© 2010, Plants For A Future. Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567.