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Cornus chinensis - Wangerin.

Common Name
Family Cornaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Slopes, margins of mixed forests and dense forests at elevations of 700 - 2500, occasionally to 3500 metres[266].
Range E. Asia - C. and S. China.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (3 of 5)
Care
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Cornus chinensis


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Magnus_Manske
Cornus chinensis

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Cornus chinensis is a deciduous Tree growing to 10 m (32ft 10in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in flower from February to March, and the seeds ripen in September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy; Secondary;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

The following notes refer to the closely related species C. officinalis, they probably also apply to this species[K]:- Fruit - raw or cooked[105, 177]. The fully ripe fruit is quite pleasant but slightly astringent[K]. It is about 1.5cm long[200]. The fruit contains about 8.6% sugars, 2.9% malic acid, 0.74% ash[179].

Medicinal Uses



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Antibacterial;  Antifungal;  Antiperiodic;  Antiseptic;  Antitumor;  Astringent;  Diuretic;  Hepatic;  
Hypotensive;  Tonic.

The fruit is used medicinally for similar treatments as Cornus officinalis[266]. These are:- Shan Zhu Yu has been used for at least 2,000 years in Chinese herbal medicine. It is a herb that "stabilizes and binds" and is used principally to reduce heavy menstrual bleeding and unusually active secretions including copious sweating, excessive urine, spermatorrhoea and premature ejaculation[147, 238, 254]. Like all herbs that suppress bodily fluids (even excessive ones), it will simply prolong or lead to a worsening of symptoms if it is used without tonic or detoxifying herbs[254]. It is, therefore, normally used in combination with herbs such as Rehmannia glutinosa and is an ingredient of the "Pill of eight ingredients" which is used in China to "warm up and invigorate the yang of the loins"[254]. The fruit is antibacterial, antifungal, hypotensive, antitumor, astringent, diuretic, hepatic and tonic[116, 147, 176, 178, 238]. The fruit, without the seed, is decocted for the treatment of arthritis, fever and a wide range of other ailments[218]. It is used in the treatment of senile lumbago, diabetes, cystitis, tinnitus etc[174, 254]. The fruit has an antibacterial action, inhibiting the growth of Bacillus dysenteriae and Staphylococcus[176]. The fruit is harvested when fully ripe and is dried for later use[238]. The stem bark is astringent, antimalarial and tonic[218]. The plant is antibacterial, diuretic, hypotensive and a urinary antiseptic[218].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

An easily grown plant, it succeeds in any soil of good or moderate fertility[1], ranging from acid to shallow chalk[200]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Succeeds in full sun or light shade[[188]. Prefers semi-shade[219]. Plants are not very cold-tolerant, they succeed outdoors only in the milder areas of the country where winter temperatures do not fall below about -5°c[11, 200]. A specimen growing in a fairly open sunny position at Kew Gardens in April 1999 was about 10 years old and 2 metres tall. It had no sign of flowers, though it is obviously more cold hardy than believed since it has already tolerated temperatures rather lower than -5°c[K]. This species is very closely related to C. mas and C. officinalis, differing mainly in having black instead of red fruit[11, 200]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame or in an outdoors seedbed if there is sufficient seed[80, 113]. The seed must be separated from the fruit flesh since this contains germination inhibitors[80, 164]. Stored seed should be cold stratified for 3 - 4 months and sown as early as possible in the year[164]. Scarification may also help as may a period of warm stratification before the cold stratification[80, 164]. Germination, especially of stored seed, can be very slow, taking 18 months or more[164]. Prick out the seedlings of cold-frame sown seeds into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and grow the plants on for their first winter in a greenhouse, planting out in the spring after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe side shoots, July/August in a frame. Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, taken with a heel if possible, autumn in a cold frame. High percentage[78]. Layering of new growth in June/July. Takes 9 months[78].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Cornus albaTartarian Dogwood00
Cornus alternifoliaGreen Osier, Alternateleaf dogwood, Alternate Leaf Dogwood, Golden Shadows Pagoda Dogwood, Green Osi02
Cornus amomumSilky Dogwood12
Cornus asperifolia drummondiiRoughleaf Dogwood00
Cornus australis 10
Cornus canadensisCreeping Dogwood, Bunchberry dogwood, Bunchberry42
Cornus capitataBentham's Cornel41
Cornus controversaGiant Dogwood, Wedding Cake Tree,21
Cornus coreana 00
Cornus elliptica 41
Cornus floridaFlowering Dogwood22
Cornus hemsleyi 00
Cornus hongkongensis 10
Cornus iberica 20
Cornus kousaJapanese Dogwood, Kousa dogwood, Chinese Dogwood,50
Cornus kousa chinensisJapanese Dogwood50
Cornus macrophyllaLarge-Leaf Dogwood22
Cornus masCornelian Cherry, Cornelian Cherry Dogwood42
Cornus monbeigii 12
Cornus multinervosa 20
Cornus nuttalliiMountain Dogwood, Pacific dogwood, Western Dogwood12
Cornus oblonga 03
Cornus occidentalisWestern Dogwood11
Cornus officinalisShan Zhu Yu, Asiatic dogwood, Japanese Cornel Dogwood43
Cornus poliophylla 12
Cornus quinquenervis 20
Cornus rugosaRound-Leaved Dogwood01
Cornus sanguineaDogwood, Bloodtwig dogwood21
Cornus sericeaRed Osier Dogwood, Western dogwood22
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Botanical References

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Readers comment

Aamir Farooq   Wed May 12 07:50:55 2004

Dear Sir, We are manufacturing of the Ceramics tabelaware. SO plz send us quotation of china clay Best Regards, Aamir Farooq Manager Finace

Link: www.peerage.com.pk Inquiry of China clay

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