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Cedrus deodara - (Roxb. ex D.Don.)G.Don.

Common Name Deodar, Deodar cedar
Family Pinaceae
USDA hardiness 7-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Forms forests in the drier areas of the Himalayas at 1800 - 3000 metres[51, 81].
Range E. Asia - Afghanistan to Nepal.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Frost Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Cedrus deodara Deodar, Deodar cedar


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Luigi_Chiesa
Cedrus deodara Deodar, Deodar cedar
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Donromano

 

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Summary

Bloom Color: Unknown. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring.Form: Pyramidal.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Cedrus deodara is an evergreen Tree growing to 33 m (108ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in leaf all year, in flower from October to November, and the seeds ripen from October to December. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.
It cannot tolerate atmospheric pollution.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy;

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses

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Antidote  Astringent  Carminative  Diaphoretic  Diuretic  Skin  TB

The heartwood is carminative, diaphoretic, diuretic and expectorant[240, 272]. A decoction of the wood is used in the treatment of fevers, flatulence, pulmonary and urinary disorders, rheumatism, piles, kidney stones, insomnia, diabetes etc[240, 254]. It has been used as an antidote to snake bites[240, 243]. The plant yields a medicinal essential oil by distillation of the wood, it is used in the treatment of phthisis, bronchitis, blennorrhagia and skin eruptions[4, 158, 240]. A resin obtained from the wood is used externally to treat bruises, skin diseases and injuries to joints[272]. The bark is astringent. It has proved useful in the treatment of fevers, diarrhoea and dysentery[240, 243]. In Ayurvedic medicine the leaves are used in the treatment of tuberculosis[254]. An oil obtained from the seed is diaphoretic[272]. It is applied externally to treat skin diseases[272].

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Other Uses

Shelterbelt  Wood

A fairly wind-tolerant tree, it can be used in shelterbelt plantings[200]. Wood - moderately hard, durable, aromatic, fine and even grained. Resistant to termites, it is used for construction, furniture, boats etc[51, 61, 145, 158, 272]. A valuable timber, but a poor fuel, producing a lot of smoke as it burns[51, 272].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Espalier, Specimen Thrives on most soils, being very tolerant of dry sites and of drought when it is established[81, 200]. Succeeds in very chalky soils[200]. Prefers a rich loam or a sandy clay in full sun[1]. Succeeds in warm dry areas with less than 40cm of rain a year, but also in areas with cool summers and up to 200cm of rain[200]. Dislikes atmospheric pollution[11]. Plants are fairly wind tolerant[200]. This species is the least hardy of the genus and does not always succeed outdoors in Britain[11] although some clones are hardy down to zone 5 and grow well in this country[200]. The hardiest forms come from the west of its range[81]. Trees thrive best in the cooler and moister areas of Britain[11]. Small trees less than 50cm tall establish much more quickly and better than taller trees, those that are more than 2 metres tall are difficult to establish[200]. Larger trees will check badly and hardly put on any growth for several years. This also badly affects root development and wind resistance[200]. Plants are said to live for up to 600 years in the wild[227]. New growth takes place from May to the end of September and can exceed 1 metre per year, slowing down as the tree gets larger and virtually ceasing by the time the tree is 20 metres tall[185]. This species is sometimes cultivated for timber in some parts of S. Europe[50]. Small male cones are formed on the lower branches of trees, whilst the larger female cones are formed on higher branches[238]. These female cones persist on the tree for 2 - 3 years before breaking up[238]. Trees are notably susceptible to honey fungus[200]. The whole plant is aromatic[245]. Special Features:Attractive foliage, Not North American native, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.

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Propagation

Seed - collect the cones in winter and keep in a warm room until they open[1]. Sow immediately in a cold frame[78]. One report says that a short cold stratification of one month improves germination rates[113]. Keep the seed pot moist, but be careful because the young seedlings are very prone to damp off, keep them well ventilated[113]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter and plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer. Give them some protection from winter cold for their first winter or two outdoors[K]. Cuttings of terminal shoots can be tried in a frame in November but they are very difficult[113].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Calocedrus decurrensIncense Cedar, California Incense Cedar11
Cedrus atlanticaAtlas Deodar02
Cedrus libaniCedar Of Lebanon11
Cyathodes oxycedrus 00
Juniperus oxycedrusPrickly Juniper, Cade juniper01
Libocedrus bidwillii 00
Libocedrus plumosaKawaka00
Libocedrus uvifera 00

 

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Author

(Roxb. ex D.Don.)G.Don.

Botanical References

1151200

Links / References

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Readers comment

   Thu Jul 20 2006

show us the diseases about cedrus deodara

ava Pendred   Mon Apr 13 2009

our garden specimen has been infested by pea sised bugs like giant aphids maybe adelgids any hints of how to get rid of them

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