Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. More >>>

Follow Us:

 

Borassus akeassii - Bayton, Ou?dr. & Guinko

Common Name African Fan Palm
Family Arecaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Savannahs, often in close proximity to human settlements[ 325 ].
Range Semi-arid and sub-humid zones of Africa from Senegal to Sudan.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Tender Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Borassus akeassii African Fan Palm


palmweb.org
Borassus akeassii African Fan Palm
wikimedia.org User:Marco_Schmidt

 

Translate this page:

Summary

Borassus akeassii or African Fan Palm is an evergreen, single-stemmed palm up to 15 m high and 40 to 50 cm in diameter. The roots of this species are used as a mouthwash and as treatment for stomach parasites, asthma, and sore throat. The plant produces a sap that is fermented into wine. The fruit is eaten fresh or dried. Young seedlings and the terminal bud of the palm are consumed as vegetable. The leaves have various uses and the wood produces high quality timber that is resistant to termites and fungi. Other Names: Ake Assi's, Palmyra Palm


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Borassus akeassii is an evergreen Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 5 m (16ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. The flowers are pollinated by Insects.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid and very alkaline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Borassus aethiopum domesticus A.Chev.

Habitats

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit  Sap  Shoots
Edible Uses:

The apical bud is hollowed out and the resulting sap is collected and fermented. The wine is made for sale enhancing local earnings), to drink at traditional ceremonies, as well as forming a part of the balanced diet in many rural areas, and used for aphrodisiac preparations[ 325 ]. Excessive tapping of the sap kills the plant[ 325 ]. Fruit - fresh or dried[ 335 ]. Eaten as a food supplement[ 325 ]. The fruit is 15cm in diameter and is produced in large clusters[ 335 ]. The endosperm of immature seeds - raw[ 335 ]. Young seedlings - eaten as a vegetable like asparagus[ 317 ]. The terminal bud of the palm is used as palm cabbage[ 317 ]. Eating this bud leads to the eventual death of the plant since it is unable to produce side shoots[ K ].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


The roots serve for the treatment of stomach parasites, sore throats and asthma, as well as being used for a mouthwash[ 325 ]

Our new book Edible Shrubs is now available.

Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil.

Read More

Edible Shrubs Book

Other Uses

Other uses rating: Medium (3/5). Other Uses The leaves are used for various purposes including for shelter[ 314 ]. The dark brown, coarsely fibrous wood is a highly prized timber locally[ 325 ]. It is very resistant to termites and fungi, and is used in carpentry, construction and also for household articles[ 325 ].

Cultivation details

It is found in areas with a mean annual rainfall in the range 800 - 1,100mm[ 325 ]. Requires a sunny position and a well-drained soil[ 325 ]. Plants are able to extract nutrients, and thus grow, on very nutrient-poor soils[ 325 ]. Established plants are drought tolerant[ 314 ]. Established plants can resist fires[ 325 ]. A slow-growing but long lived tree to over 100 years old[ 325 ]. It does not start flowering until middle-aged[ 325 ]. A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

image

The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

Shop Now

Propagation

Seed - it has a short viability and should be sown as soon as it is removed from the fruit pulp[ 325 ]. The seed does not require pre-treatment and germinated in about 4 weeks. The plant produces a very long taproot, which can be 1 metre long when top growth is only 1cm tall, and so it is best sown in situ[ 325 ].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Borassus akeassii or African Fan Palm. Other Names: Ake Assi's, Palmyra Palm

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Coming Soon

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Borassus aethiopumAfrican Fan Palm, Palmyra Palm42
Borassus flabelliferPalmyra Palm42

 

Print Friendly and PDF

Expert comment

Author

Bayton, Ou?dr. & Guinko

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

Readers comment

QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.

2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.

3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Borassus akeassii  
All the information contained in these pages is Copyright (C) Plants For A Future, 1996-2012.
Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567,
Web Design & Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified (but some can). Please view the copyright link for more information.