We need to raise £10,000 from user donations to get our finances in balance. More >>>

Follow Us:

 

Alisma plantago-aquatica - L.

Common Name Great Water Plantain, ZE-XIE, European water plantain, American water plantain, Northern water plan
Family Alismataceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards The fresh leaves and roots are toxic but the toxic principal is destroyed by heat or by drying[13, 46]. The seed is said to promote sterility. By contrast it is also said to promote conception [301].
Habitats Ditches, damp ground and shallow pond margins in water up to 15cm deep[13, 17, 24].
Range Northern temperate regions of Europe, including Britain, Asia and America.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (3 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Wet Soil Water Plants Full sun
Alisma plantago-aquatica Great Water Plantain, ZE-XIE, European water plantain,  American water plantain, Northern water plan


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:484_Alisma_plantago-aquatica.jpg
Alisma plantago-aquatica Great Water Plantain, ZE-XIE, European water plantain,  American water plantain, Northern water plan
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Fice

 

Translate this page:

You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box.

Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Alisma plantago-aquatica is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.9 m (3ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Flies.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers wet soil and can grow in water.

Synonyms

A. parviflorum. A. subcordatum. A. triviale. Pursh.

Habitats

 Pond; Bog Garden;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves;  Root.
Edible Uses:

Root - cooked[13, 46, 61, 74]. Rich in starch[114]. Caution is advised, the root is acrid if it is not dried or well cooked before use[2, 183]. Leaves and petioles - must be thoroughly cooked. They require long boiling and have a salty flavour[105, 179].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antibacterial;  Anticholesterolemic;  Astringent;  Contraceptive;  Diaphoretic;  Diuretic;  Hypoglycaemic;  Hypotensive;  
Rubefacient.

The leaves are antibacterial, anticholesterolemic, diaphoretic, diuretic, hypoglycaemic and hypotensive[4, 147, 176]. They are used in the treatment of cystitis, dysentery, renal calculus, gravel etc[4]. The fresh leaf is rubefacient[222]. It is used in the treatment of leprosy[218] and is also applied locally to bruises and swellings[4]. Dried stem bases eaten, or grated and taken with water in treating digestive disorders such as heartburn, cramps and stomach flu[257]. The powdered seed is an astringent, used in cases of bleeding[4]. The seed is also said to promote sterility[218]. The root contains an essential oil and has a wide range of medicinal uses[176, 218, 283]. It is antibacterial, anticholesterolemic, diuretic and hypotensive[176]. It is said to lower blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar levels[238] whilst it also has an antibacterial action on Staphylococcus, Pneumococci and Mycobacterium[176]. The root is used in the treatment of oliguria, oedema, nephritis, acute diarrhoea, cholesterolaemia and fatty liver[176]. It has been thought of as a cure for rabies, though this has not been substantiated[4]. The whole plant is believed to promote conception[218]. The root is harvested before the plant comes into flower and is dried for later use[238]. A homeopathic remedy is obtained from the fresh root[4].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Succeeds in a sunny position in boggy ground or shallow water up to 25cm deep[200]. Plants often self-sow aggressively when in a suitable position[1, 56]. The subspecies A. plantago-maritima orientale. Sam. is the form used medicinally in China[176]. The subspecies A. plantago-maritima parviflorum (Syn A. parviflorum, A. subcordatum) is the form used medicinally in America[222]. Plants are very attractive to slugs[K].

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe. Place the pot in about 3cm of water to keep the soil wet. Pot up the seedlings when large enough to handle and keep in the cold frame for the first winter, planting out in late spring. Division in spring or autumn. Fairly easy, the divisions can be planted straight out into their permanent positions.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Alisma canaliculatum 10
Damasonium alismaThrumwort10
Limnocharis flavaSawah Lettuce, Sawah Flowering Rush40
Sagittaria aginashi 10
Sagittaria brevirostaShort-Beaked Arrow Leaf20
Sagittaria chapmaniiChapman's arrowhead00
Sagittaria cuneataWapato, arumleaf arrowhead41
Sagittaria gramineaChinese Arrowhead, Grassy Arrowhead, Weatherby's arrowhead10
Sagittaria latifoliaDuck Potato, Broadleaf Arrowhead51
Sagittaria rigidaSessile-Fruited Arrowhead30
Sagittaria sagittifoliaArrow Head, Hawaii arrowhead51
Sagittaria sagittifolia leucopetala 31
Sagittaria trifoliaChinese Arrowroot, Threeleaf arrowhead40

 

Print Friendly and PDF

Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

17200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.

2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.

3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Alisma plantago-aquatica  
All the information contained in these pages is Copyright (C) Plants For A Future, 1996-2012.
Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567,
Web Design & Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified (but some can). Please view the copyright link for more information.