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Agave salmiana - Otto ex Salm-Dyck

Common Name Pulque Agave, Giant Agave
Family Asparagaceae
USDA hardiness 9-11
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Not known
Range C. America to southern N. America - southern and central Mexico.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Tender Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Agave salmiana Pulque Agave, Giant Agave


Kor!An
Agave salmiana Pulque Agave, Giant Agave

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Agave salmiana is an evergreen Perennial growing to 2 m (6ft) by 2 m (6ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Agave atrovirens sigmatophylla A.Berger Agave coarctata Jacobi Agave cochlearis Jacobi Agave compluviata Trel. Agave jacobiana Salm-Dyck Agave lehmannii Jacobi Agave mitraeformis Jacobi Agave quiotifera Trel. ex Ochot. Agave tehuacanensis Karw. ex Salm-Dyck

Habitats

Edible Uses

The sap is fermented to make the alcoholic drink 'pulque'[317 ]. As soon as the inflorescence bud appears (at an age of about 7 years), it is excised. The sweet juice which then exudes for the next 3 - 4 months is collected and fermented[317 ]. Sometimes a brandy is produced by means of distillation of pulque which contains 4 - 8% ethanol. It is also possible to produce sugar or vinegar from the sugar-containing juice[317 ]. The flowering stems are cut into sections and then chewed like sugar cane[301 ]. The cuticle of the young leaves of the central spike is used as a translucent wrapping for the Mexican dish 'mixiote', which is prepared for festive occasions[301 ].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

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Other Uses

The leaves, especially the youngest ones, provide fibres suitable for the production of laces, fine clothes and foodwear[317 ]. The roots contain saponins and can be used as a soap substitute[331 ]. An architectural succulent. Deer Tolerant.

Cultivation details

Agroforestry Services: Living fence  Management: Standard  Regional Crop  Staple Crop: Basic Starch

A plant of drier areas in the subtropics and tropics, where it can be found at elevations up to 2,400 metres. Requires a sunny position[423 ]. Requires a well-drained soil[423 ]. Succeeds in poor soils[423 ]. Established plants are very drought resistant[423 ]. A monocarpic species - the plant lives for a number of years without flowering but dies once it does flower. However, it normally produces plenty of suckers during its life and these continue growing, taking about 10 - 15 years in a warm climate, considerably longer in colder ones, before flowering[11 ]. Cultivation is easy in a well-drained sandy soil with sunny exposure. For a pot culture, it requires a container of very large size to remain in an harmonious appearance. It can be used to fix a slope.

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Propagation

Seed - surface sow in a container in a light position. The seed usually germinates in 1 - 3 months at 20c[133 ]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots of well-drained soil when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a sunny position until they are at least 20cm tall. It is multiplied more easily by planting shoots than by seedlings.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Agave raksasa, Pulqueagave, Maguey de pulque, Maguey manso, Maguey ceniso

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Asia, Australia, Central America, Indonesia, Mexico, North America, SE Asia

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

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Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Agave americanaAgave, American century plant33
Agave cantala agaveAgave20
Agave fourcroydesHenequen01
Agave lechuguillaIxtle, Chihuahua12
Agave murpheyiHohokam Agave, Murphey agave20
Agave parryiCentury Plant, Parry's agave, Mescal31
Agave sisalanaSisal22
Agave tequilanaBlue Agave, Mescal, Tequila.30
Agave utahensis discretaCentury Plant31
Agave utahensis eborispinaCentury Plant31
Agave viviparaMescal Casero30

 

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Author

Otto ex Salm-Dyck

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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Subject : Agave salmiana  
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