Dry gravelly or stony slopes of hills and mountains.
Open woodland, wooded grassland and on rocky outcrops at elevations from 50 – 1,500 metres
Dense forest, wooded savannah, coastal savannah, galleried soudanian and riverine thickets. A deciduous forest tree of coastal woodland, riverine and lowland forests and deciduous woodland, extending as high as upland grassland.
Combretum, Terminalia and Brachystegia woodland and flood pans with Brachystegia; grassland, wooded grassland or dense woodlands; at elevations from 1,000 – 1,800 metres.
Rich soils along woodland borders, edges of streams etc, it is also found on rocky hillsides etc.
Lowland forest, secondary miombo woodland such as clearing and gaps, and open woodland. Grows in well-drained escarpments, with infertile sand or gravel soils of acidic reaction.
Rich deep soils, often calcareous, on the banks of streams and low rocky hillsides.
Usually found near streams or in swampy areas in forests at an altitude up to 1,500 metres. Riverine, mixed evergreen and swamp forests, woodlands, sea level to 1,300 metres.
Rich, often moist, soils of woods and bottomlands, often forming pure stands.
Not known in a truly wild situation.
An understorey plant of evergreen rainforest in the wet humid tropics, growing in places that are not usually seasonally inundated.
A mid-canopy tree in areas just inland from ocean beaches, near river mouths, and on coastal plains. These areas are typically flat, but they may have dunes or rocky bluffs. Sandy or rocky beaches.
Scattered, but sometimes common, in lowland rainforest and riverine forest, at elevations up to 1,000 metres.