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Thymus praecox arcticus - (E.Durand.)Jalas.

Common Name Wild Thyme
Family Lamiaceae or Labiatae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Chalk downs, dry grassland, heaths, dunes, screes and amongst rocks[17].
Range Western Europe, including Britain, from Iceland and Norway to France and Spain.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (5 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Thymus praecox arcticus Wild Thyme


http://www.hear.org/starr/
Thymus praecox arcticus Wild Thyme
http://www.hear.org/starr/

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Thymus praecox arcticus is an evergreen Shrub growing to 0.1 m (0ft 4in) by 0.3 m (1ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf all year, in flower from May to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies).
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

T. arcticus. T. brittanicus. T. carniolicus. T. drucei. T. neglectus. T. picnotrichus. T. pseudolanu

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds; East Wall. In. South Wall. In. West Wall. In.

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves
Edible Uses: Condiment  Tea

Leaves - raw in salads or added as a flavouring to cooked foods[183]. Retains its flavour well in long slow cooking. If the leaves are to be dried, the plants should be harvested in early and late summer just before the flowers open and the leaves should be dried quickly[200]. An aromatic tea is made from the leaves or dried flowers[183].

References

Medicinal Uses

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Anthelmintic  Antiseptic  Antispasmodic  Carminative  Deodorant  Diaphoretic  Disinfectant  Expectorant  
Sedative  Tonic

The leaves, and especially the essential oil contained in them, are anthelmintic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, deodorant, diaphoretic, disinfectant, expectorant, sedative and tonic[4, 7, 21, 200, 238]. The plant can be used fresh at any time of the year, or it can be harvested as it comes into flower and either be distilled for the oil or dried for later use[238].

References

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An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More

FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Deodorant  Disinfectant  Essential  Fungicide  Repellent

An essential oil from the leaves is used in perfumery, soaps, medicinally etc[200]. It has fungicidal properties[171]. The dried flowers are used to repel moths from clothing[4].

Special Uses

Attracts Wildlife  Scented Plants

References

Cultivation details

Requires a light well-drained preferably calcareous soil in a sunny position[1, 200]. Succeeds in dry soils, tolerating drought once it is established[190]. Grows well between stepping stones on paths, tolerating light treading[183, 200]. Succeeds on walls. Thymes dislike wet conditions, especially in the winter. A layer of gravel on the soil around them will help protect the foliage from wet soils[238]. Hardy to about -15°c[200]. Closely related to T. serpyllum[11], this plant is the true native wild thyme in Britain[11]. It is a very polymorphic plant, there are a number of named forms[183]. This is a very difficult genus taxonomically, the species hybridize freely with each other and often intergrade into each other[1]. A good companion for most other plants[54], it makes a very good carpeting plant for the rockery or between paving stones[1]. The flowers are rich in nectar and are very attractive to honey bees[200].

References

Temperature Converter

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. Seed can also be sown in autumn in a greenhouse. Surface sow or barely cover the seed. Germination can be erratic. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Division in spring or autumn[200]. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is best to pot up smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse or cold frame until they are growing away well. Plant them out in the summer or the following spring. Cuttings of young shoots, 5 - 8cm with a heel, May/June in a frame[200]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 8cm with a heel, July/August in a frame[200]. Layering.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Asa, Australia, Britain, Canada, Europe, Greenland, Iceland, North America, Switzerland,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Thymus caespititiusCretan ThymeShrub0.1 6-9  LMNDM22 
Thymus camphoratusCamphor ThymeShrub0.4 6-9  LMNDM02 
Thymus capitatusHeaded Savory, ThymusShrub0.3 6-9  LMNDM22 
Thymus cilicicusCilician ThymeShrub0.2 6-9  LMNDM12 
Thymus herba-baronaCaraway ThymeShrub0.1 8-10 SLMNDM324
Thymus hirtus Shrub0.0 -  LMNDM22 
Thymus mastichinaMastic ThymeShrub0.3 6-9  LMNDM22 
Thymus pannonicusEurasian thymePerennial0.2 4-8  LMNDM22 
Thymus praecoxMother of thyme, Creeping thyme, Woolly ThymeShrub0.1 5-8 MLMNDM22 
Thymus pseudolanuginosusWoolly ThymeShrub0.1 3-9 MLMNDM222
Thymus pulegioidesBroad-Leaved Thyme, lemon thymeShrub0.2 4-8  LMNDM22 
Thymus quinquecostatus Shrub0.1 4-8  LMNDM22 
Thymus serpyllumWild ThymeShrub0.1 5-9 MLMNDM435
Thymus vulgarisCommon Thyme, Garden thyme, Wild ThymeShrub0.2 5-11 MLMNDM435
Thymus x citriodorusLemon Thyme, Creeping Lemon Thyme, Lemon-Scented ThymeShrub0.1 5-10 MLMNDM425
Thymus zygis Shrub0.3 6-9  LMNDM22 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Author

(E.Durand.)Jalas.

Botanical References

1117200

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