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Stauntonia hexaphylla - (Thunb.)Decne.

Common Name
Family Lardizabalaceae
USDA hardiness 8-11
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Thickets and woodland in lowland from C. Japan southwards[58].
Range E. Asia - Burma, Japan, Korea.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Half Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Stauntonia hexaphylla


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Stauntonia hexaphylla
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:KENPEI

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of climber
Stauntonia hexaphylla is an evergreen Climber growing to 10 m (32ft) by 7 m (23ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. It is in leaf all year, in flower in April. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). and is pollinated by Insects, hand. The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid and very alkaline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Rajania hexaphylla.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; West Wall. By.

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[2, 3, 58, 179]. Sweet and watery[11] with a honey-like flavour[46], it is highly esteemed as a dessert fruit in Japan[183]. The fruit is up to 5cm long[188].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antirheumatic;  Diuretic;  Ophthalmic.

The roots, stem and fruits are antirheumatic and diuretic[218]. The juice of the fruit is used in the treatment of ophthalmia[2].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Requires a well-drained moisture retentive soil in a sheltered position[200]. Succeeds in acid or alkaline soils, in full sun or in semi-shade[200]. It grows best if its roots are in a shady position and the top is allowed to grow into the sun[K]. A very ornamental plant, it is only hardy outdoors in the milder areas of Britain[3, 11, 59], tolerating temperatures down to about -10°c when the plant is fully dormant[184]. The young growth in spring, however, can be damaged by late frosts. It is cultivated for its edible fruit in Japan. The flowers have a pleasant sweet perfume[245]. A climbing plant that supports itself by twining around other plants and supports[219]. Plants are dioecious but females have borne fruit at times in the absence of a male pollinator[11, 200]. We have had a report of a single plant in Christchurch New Zealand producing continually after three years old. In Britain fruit is usually only formed in sunny summers[166, 219]. Hand pollination may improve fruit set[166]. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

Propagation

Seed - sow early spring in a greenhouse. The seed can take 18 months to germinate. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots once they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in early summer and consider giving them some protection from the cold for their first winter or two outdoors[K]. Cuttings.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants

 

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Expert comment

Author

(Thunb.)Decne.

Botanical References

1158200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Peter Barnes   Tue, 12 May 1998

I was very interested to come across your PFAF page, whilst seeking info on Stauntonia.

One point, though, Stauntonia is *monoecious*, not dioecious as stated. I have just spent part of a morning going through various Japanese botanical works to resolve this: many UK references like Bean's Trees and Shrubs are at best ambiguous on this point! Hillier's Manual is correct.

Hillier's Manual is really: The Hillier Manual of Trees and Shrubs, sixth edition (1991), published by David and Charles. No author, though Roy Lancaster and Allen Coombes were primary contributors. It is a standard work, excellent for concise, useful notes on 8,000-odd hardy trees and shrubs.

Peter Barnes

Author, Horticultural & Botanical Consultant Recently revised and updated: comments always welcome.

Lily   Tue Oct 31 2006

I have this growing in my garden and it has fruited for the first time, I was wondering what colour do I need to wait for the fruit to turn, it is soft pink at the moment.

Ken Fern, Plants for a Future.   Mon Nov 6 2006

According to the books, the fruit should be purple in colour and have a fairly strong perfume. It would be interesting to know how many fruits ripened, and how many plants you are growing - also, your views on its flavour.

Lily   Fri Dec 28 2007

This is the second it has fruited and i find the flavour poor and insipid. Germination from fresh seed was quick last year.

Marc Geens   Fri Nov 21 2008

We grow the plants for years, and although they do not carry a lot of fruits, we like the sweet taste. They colour late in the season and are purplish. When the seeds are kept humid and are put in the refrigerator immediately after harvest and sown in spring, they germinate very easily. Critical point is the first winter. We like this climber very much as it is one of the few wintergreen climbers. Nexy season we will have young plants available again.

Kruisbessen 'Proef'tuin

   Apr 17 2017 12:00AM

How en when do you have to cut the plant to have more flowers/fruit?

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