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Cyperus longus - L.

Common Name Galingale
Family Cyperaceae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats By water in ditches and marshy places[17].
Range Britain and the Mediterranean region north to Lake Geneva.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Wet Soil Water Plants Full sun
Cyperus longus Galingale


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Cyperus longus Galingale
http://www.flickr.com/photos/valter/

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Cyperus longus is an evergreen Perennial growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 2 m (6ft 7in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. It is in leaf all year, in flower from August to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs).
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist or wet soil and can grow in water.

Synonyms

Habitats

 Pond; Bog Garden;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Root.
Edible Uses: Condiment.

Tuber - used as a spice in soups, pies and sweets[5, 183].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Aromatic;  Tonic.

The root is an aromatic tonic[4]. It was at one time considered to be a good stomachic and useful in the first stages of dropsy, but it has now fallen into disuse[4, 238].

Other Uses

Basketry;  Essential;  Paper;  Weaving.

The leaves are used in basketry and for weaving hats, matting etc[100]. The root and stem have the scent of violets and are used in perfumery[4, 46, 61, 245]. The aroma becomes more pronounced when the root has been dried and left to age[245]. A fibre obtained from the plant is used in paper making[100].

Cultivation details

Prefers a moist sandy loam[95, 117]. Succeeds in any good garden soil so long as it does not dry out[162], it also grows well in up to 30cm of water[200]. Plants are hardy to about -15°c[200]. A very ornamental plant[1], though it can spread freely at the roots when well-suited[233]. Galingale was one of the favourite spices of the medieval kitchen and was an ingredient of 'pokerounce', a kind of medieval cinnamon toast[183]. It is rarely used at present. Both the root and the stem have a sweet moss-like perfume, resembling that of the violet but not so pure. The aroma becomes more fragrant with age[245].

Propagation

Seed - surface sow in the spring and keep the compost moist[164]. The seed usually germinates in 2 - 6 weeks at 18°c[164]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle. Grow on for their first winter in a greenhouse and plant them out in late spring after the last expected frosts. Division in spring or autumn. Division is simple at almost any time of the year, so long as the roots are not allowed to become dry. Plant them out straight into their permanent positions.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Cyperus aristatus 20
Cyperus articulatusJointed flatsedge, Priprioca, Piripiri14
Cyperus distansSlender Cyperus, Piedmont flatsedge11
Cyperus esculentusTiger Nut, Yellow nutsedge, Nut Grass42
Cyperus fendlerianusFendler's Flatsedge20
Cyperus rotundusNut Grass33
Cyperus schweinitziiFlatsedge, Schweinitz's flatsedge20
Cyperus setigerusLean flatsedge20
Cyperus tegetiformis 00
Cyperus ustulatus 00

 

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Botanical References

17200

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