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Codonopsis lanceolata - (Siebold.&Zucc.)Trautv.

Common Name Todok
Family Campanulaceae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Moist places in woods in low mountains and hills[58, 147]. Edges of moist forests at elevations of 200 - 1600 metres all over Japan[275].
Range E. Asia - China, Japan.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Codonopsis lanceolata Todok


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Codonopsis_lanceolata_SZ91.png
Codonopsis lanceolata Todok

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Codonopsis lanceolata is a PERENNIAL CLIMBER growing to 1.5 m (5ft).
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 7 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from August to September, and the seeds ripen from September to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, wasps.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid and neutral soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Campanumoea lanceolata.

Plant Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves  Root
Edible Uses:

Root - raw or cooked[105, 177]. The plant produces thick tubers[275]. Young plant - raw or cooked[105, 177]. A nutritional analysis is available[218].

References   More on Edible Uses

Composition
Figures in grams (g) or miligrams (mg) per 100g of food.
Leaves (Dry weight)
  • 416 Calories per 100g
  • Water : 0%
  • Protein: 12.9g; Fat: 19.7g; Carbohydrate: 61.2g; Fibre: 36g; Ash: 6.2g;
  • Minerals - Calcium: 506mg; Phosphorus: 680mg; Iron: 11.8mg; Magnesium: 0mg; Sodium: 0mg; Potassium: 0mg; Zinc: 0mg;
  • Vitamins - A: 0mg; Thiamine (B1): 0.67mg; Riboflavin (B2): 1.24mg; Niacin: 4.5mg; B6: 0mg; C: 0mg;
  • Reference: [ 218]
  • Notes:

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Aphrodisiac  Depurative  Emmenagogue  Galactogogue  Tonic

Aphrodisiac, tonic[46, 61]. The root is anticancer, depurative, emmenagogue and galactogogue[147, 218]. A decoction is used in the treatment of lung abscesses, milk-flow obstruction, amenorrhoea, acute and inflamed boils and abscesses and lymphadenopathy[147].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Prefers a well-drained fertile light soil in full sun or semi shade[1, 200]. Plants only succeed in full sun if the soil remains moist during the growing season[200]. Prefers a slightly acid soil[164]. Dormant plants are hardy to about -20°c[187]. The young growth in spring, even on mature plants, is frost-tender and so it is best to grow the plants in a position sheltered from the early morning sun[K]. A lot of confusion exists over the correct authorship of this specific name. Apart from the one mentioned above there are also :- (Sieb.&Zucc.)Trautv.; Benth.; and Benth.&Hook. A climbing plant, supporting itself by twining and scrambling over other plants[219]. The plant resents root disturbance and should be planted out into its permanent position as soon as possible[164]. Plants are very susceptible to the ravages of slugs. The young shoots in spring are particularly at risk, though older growth is also eaten[K]. It is best grown on a high bank in order to give a good view of the flowers[1].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

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Plant Propagation

Seed - surface sow in spring to early summer in an ericaceous compost in a greenhouse. Do not allow the compost to dry out. The seed usually germinates in 1 - 6 weeks at 20°c[164]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a greenhouse for their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer and protect them from slugs until the plants are well established[K]. Division in spring, with care, since the plant resents root disturbance[200]. We have found it best to take small divisions that are teased out from the sides of the main clump so as to cause the least possible disturbance to the plants and to avoid having to dig up the clump. These small divisions need to be potted up and placed in light shade in a greenhouse until they are rooting well. They can be planted out into their permanent positions in the summer if they are large enough, otherwise in the following spring[K].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Codonopsis javanica Perennial Climber0.0 -  LMHSNM01 
Codonopsis nervosa Perennial0.0 -  LMSNM02 
Codonopsis ovata Perennial0.4 4-8  LMSNM21 
Codonopsis pilosulaDang Shen, BellflowerPerennial Climber1.7 5-9  LMSNM23 
Codonopsis tangshenChuan DangPerennial Climber3.0 4-8  LMSNM03 
Codonopsis tubulosa Perennial Climber1.5 6-9  LMSNM03 
Codonopsis ussuriensis Perennial0.3 6-9  LMSNM20 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

Expert comment

Author

(Siebold.&Zucc.)Trautv.

Botanical References

58200275

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

   Fri Sep 28 2007

Where can i buy Todok seeds [email protected]

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Subject : Codonopsis lanceolata  
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