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Rubus canadensis - L.

Common Name American Dewberry, Smooth blackberry
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 3-7
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Thickets, woods and clearings[43, 235].
Range North-eastern N. America - Newfoundland to Michigan and North Carolina.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (1 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Rubus canadensis American Dewberry, Smooth blackberry


plants.usda.gov
Rubus canadensis American Dewberry, Smooth blackberry
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rubus_canadensis_135-8264.jpg

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Rubus canadensis is a deciduous Shrub growing to 2.5 m (8ft 2in).
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 3. It is in flower in July. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Apomictic (reproduce by seeds formed without sexual fusion).
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

R. millspaughii.

Plant Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked in pies, jams etc[2, 3, 43, 105, 183]. Sweet, juicy and richly flavoured, it is generally preferred to most other species of blackberries[2, 183]. The fruit can be pressed into cakes and then dried for later use[257]. The fruit can be up to 25mm long[235].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Astringent  Dysentery

The stems and the fruit have been used in the treatment of dysentery[257]. A decoction of the root has been used in the treatment of dysentery[257].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

Dye

A purple to dull blue dye is obtained from the fruit[168].

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Easily grown in a good well-drained loamy soil in sun or semi-shade[1, 11, 200]. This species is a blackberry with biennial stems, it produces a number of new stems each year from the perennial rootstock, these stems fruit in their second year and then die[200]. The stems are free from prickles[235]. The plant produces apomictic flowers, these produce fruit and viable seed without fertilization, each seedling is a genetic copy of the parent[200]. Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[200].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees,Edible Shrubs, Woodland Gardening, and Temperate Food Forest Plants. Our new book is Food Forest Plants For Hotter Conditions (Tropical and Sub-Tropical).

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Plant Propagation

Seed - requires stratification and is best sown in early autumn in a cold frame. Stored seed requires one month stratification at about 3°c and is best sown as early as possible in the year. Prick out the seedlings when they are large enough to handle and grow on in a cold frame. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring of the following year. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame[200]. Tip layering in July. Plant out in autumn. Division in early spring or just before leaf-fall in the autumn[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Actinidia rubus Climber0.0 -  LMHSNM30 
Rubus abbreviansVermont blackberryShrub0.0 0-0  LMHSNM301
Rubus acaulisDwarf RaspberryPerennial0.1 -  LMHSNM311
Rubus acer Shrub1.2 -  LMHSNM101
Rubus adenophorus Shrub2.5 5-9  LMHSNM201
Rubus adenotrichusMora ComunShrub2.0 -  LMHSNM201
Rubus affinis Shrub3.0 4-8  LMHSNM201
Rubus alexeterius Shrub2.0 -  LMHSNM201
Rubus allegheniensisAlleghany Blackberry, Graves' blackberryShrub3.0 3-7 MLMHSNM321
Rubus almusMayes Dewberry, Garden dewberryShrub2.0 7-10  LMHSNM301
Rubus amabilis Shrub2.0 5-9  LMHSNM301
Rubus ampelinus Shrub3.0 -  LMHSNM201
Rubus arcticusArctic Bramble, Arctic raspberry, Dwarf raspberryPerennial0.2 2-7  LMHNM501
Rubus argutusHighbush Blackberry, Sawtooth blackberryShrub2.5 0-0  LMHSNM211
Rubus arizonicusArizona DewberryShrub0.2 -  LMHSNM203
Rubus australis Climber0.0 8-11  LMHSNM201
Rubus avipes Shrub2.0 -  LMHSNM201
Rubus baileyanusBailey's dewberryShrub1.0 0-0  LMHSNDM201
Rubus barbatus Shrub0.0 -  LMHSNM201
Rubus bellobatusKittatinny BlackberryShrub2.0 5-9  LMHSNM201
Rubus biflorus Shrub3.5 -  LMHSNM301
Rubus bifronsHimalayan berry, Hybrid European blackberry, Hybrid blackberryShrub1.5 0-0  LMHSNM101
Rubus bloxamii Shrub0.0 -  LMHSNM201
Rubus buergeri Shrub3.0 5-9  LMHSNM201
Rubus caesiusDewberry, European dewberryShrub0.2 4-8  LMHSNM201
Rubus calycinusWild RaspberryPerennial1.0 -  LMHSNM101
Rubus candicans Shrub0.0 -  LMHSNM201
Rubus caucasicus Shrub0.0 -  LMHSNM201
Rubus caudatus  0.0 -  LMHSNM201
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Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

1143200

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Subject : Rubus canadensis  
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